Strumigenys cosmostela

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Strumigenys cosmostela
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Strumigenys
Species: S. cosmostela
Binomial name
Strumigenys cosmostela
Kempf, 1975

Strumigenys cosmostela inbiocri001242016 profile 1.jpg

Specimen labels

In Costa Rica (Longino, Ants of Costa Rica) Strumigenys cosmostela occurs in lowland wet forest, in leaf litter/soil on the forest floor. At La Selva Biological Station it is an infrequent species in Winkler and Berlese samples. Sampling within and beyond Costa Rica has shown this is a relatively common Strumigenys species.

At a Glance • Ergatoid queen  

 

Identification

Bolton (2000) - A member of the hindenburgi complex in the Strumigenys hindenburgi-group. The variations in pronotal sculpture and size and location of the proximal preapical tooth or denticle probably indicates that more than one species is concealed under this name. For the present I am leaving them all as cosmostela. In the sparse material currently available there seems to be a gradual morphoclinal change from predominantly rugulose to predominantly reticulate-punctate pronotal sculpture. The proximal preapical tooth or denticle varies markedly in both size and position, on occasion it is completely absent. When more material is available these features, together with density of gastral pilosity, may form a basis for the further resolution of this taxon. The species closest related to cosmostela, Strumigenys hindenburgi, has much-expanded upper scrobe margins that are about as wide as the maximum scape width. The hind femora of cosmostela are shorter and deeper than those of hindenburgi. In the former the hind femur is about 4.5 times longer than its maximum depth in posterior view, whereas in the latter the hind femur is about 5.5 longer than deep.

Longino (Ants of Costa Rica) - Differs from Strumigenys lanuginosa in having a second preapical tooth on mandible; smaller eyes composed of fewer than 10 facets; basal costae of gaster coarse rather than fine; smaller size and relatively shorter mandibles.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality), Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Peru, Venezuela.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

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Biology

Castes

Ergatoid queens have replaced winged queens completely (Silva & Brandao 2014).

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • cosmostela. Strumigenys cosmostela Kempf, 1975a: 413, figs. 1, 2 (w.) BRAZIL. See also: Bolton, 2000: 520.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Bolton (2000) - TL 2.2-2.5, HL 0.52-0.58, HW 0.42-0.48, CI 79-85, ML 0.30-0.36, MI 57-63, SL 0.29-0.32, SI 66-73, PW 0.26-0.32, AL 0.56-0.63 (10 measured).

With characters of hindenburgi complex. Mandible with a distal preapical tooth close to the apicodorsal tooth. Proximally with a smaller tooth or denticle that is very variable in size and position (sometimes varying within a single series), rarely absent. Apicoscrobal hair long and flagellate. Head densely reticulate-punctate, often with superimposed fine rugulae. Pronotal sculpture very variable: sometimes with strong spaced longitudinal rugae on an almost smooth to weakly punctate surface; in some the rugae lower, more rounded and fainter, or more numerous and more closely packed, beaded with fine punctures and appearing delicately sulcate; in some series rugular sculpture almost entirely suppressed, the surface appearing reticulate-punctate with sparse minute rugulose vestiges. With head in full-face view upper scrobe margin a carina, much narrower at maximum than the maximum width of the scape. Hind femora in posterior view deep, in dorsal view compressed from side to side. Disc of postpetiole with rugulose or costulate sculpture. Basigastral costulae sharply defined, varying from slightly shorter to slightly longer than the postpetiole disc. First gastral tergite with numerous long flagellate hairs, varying in density between series but not as abundant as in Strumigenys hindenburgi.

Type Material

Bolton (2000) - Holotype worker, BRAZIL: Para, Iriboca near Belem, Pirelli Plantation, 15.viii.1962, BF-18 (W. L. Brown). Paratype worker, BRAZIL: Para, Utinga tract, near Belem, 12.viii.1962, BF-11 (W. L. Brown) (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Museum of Comparative Zoology) [examined].

References

  • Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 520, catalogue)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1975a [1974]. Report on Neotropical Dacetine ant studies (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 34: 411-424 (page 413, figs.1, 2 worker described)
  • Silva, T.S.R., Brandao, C.R.F. 2014. Further ergatoid gyne records in the ant tribe Dacetini (Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Neotropical Entomology 43, 161–171 (DOI 10.1007/s13744-013-0192-7).