The type material was collected from a mixed dipterocarp forest and at the edge of a primary montane forest.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
Bolton (2000) - A member of the Strumigenys wallacei-group. Easily identified as this is the only species in the group to have standing hairs on the dorsolateral and occipital margins of the head and 4 pairs of erect stout hairs on the promesonotum. S. diasphax is smaller and more gracile than the other two species in the group and has a narrower head, CI 76-82 as opposed to CI 86-96 in Strumigenys gnathosphax and Strumigenys wallacei together.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Strumigenys were once thought to be rare. The development and increased use of litter sampling methods has led to the discovery of a tremendous diversity of species. Many species are specialized predators (e.g. see Strumigenys membranifera and Strumigenys louisianae). Collembola (springtails) and other tiny soil arthropods are typically favored prey. Species with long linear mandibles employ trap-jaws to sieze their stalked prey (see Dacetine trap-jaws). Larvae feed directly on insect prey brought to them by workers. Trophallaxis is rarely practiced. Most species live in the soil, leaf litter, decaying wood or opportunistically move into inhabitable cavities on or under the soil. Colonies are small, typically less than 100 individuals but in some species many hundreds. Moist warm habitats and micro-habitats are preferred. A few better known tramp and otherwise widely ranging species tolerate drier conditions. Foraging is often in the leaf litter and humus. Workers of many species rarely venture above ground or into exposed, open areas. Individuals are typically small, slow moving and cryptic in coloration. When disturbed individuals freeze and remain motionless. Males are not known for a large majority of species.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- diasphax. Strumigenys diasphax Bolton, 2000: 910 (w.) BORNEO.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Holotype. TL 2.3, HL 0.66, HW 0.54, CI 82, ML 0.36, MI 55, SL 0.44, SI 81, PW 0.29, AL 0.66. Apical fork of mandible with a minute intercalary denticle, inconspicuous and may be reduced to a tubercle (may be lost in some specimens). Scrobe in profile absent behind level of eye. Propodeum with short spines, declivity with a weakly spongiform lobe ventrally, the two connected by a weak carina. Ventral spongiform curtain of petiole at deepest distinctly greater than half the depth of the peduncle. Dorsal surface of head with narrowly spatulate ground-pilosity and 4 - 6 stout standing hairs along occipital margin. Appressed anteriorly curved hairs that fringe upper scrobe margin to level of eye minute, much smaller than hairs on leading edge of scape. Dorsolateral margin behind level of eye with 3-4 stiff stout projecting hairs that are directed more dorsally than laterally and are larger than the hairs on the leading edge of the scape. Pronotal humeral hair long, stout and stiff; dorsum of pronotum with a pair of standing hairs. Mesonotum with 3 pairs of erect stiff hairs that are expanded apically or remiform. Waist segments and first gastral tergite with stout stiff hairs that are simple or somewhat expanded apically, those on gaster suberect to erect. Mesopleuron mostly smooth but metapleuron and side of propodeum weakly reticulate-punctate, as is disc of postpetiole.
Paratypes. TL 2.2-2.3, HL 0.66-0.69, HW 0.52-0.55, CI 76-82, ML 0.36-0.38, MI 53-58, SL 0.40-0.44, SI 78-85, PW 0.28-0.30, AL 0.64-0.66 (7 measured).
Holotype worker, Malaysia: Sarawak, 4th Div., Gn. Mulu N. P., v.-viii.1978, BM 1978-49, mixed dipterocarp forest (Hammond & Marshall) (The Natural History Museum). Paratypes. 12 workers, Malaysia: Sarawak, Gn. Penrissen, 1000 m., 23.v.1994, edge prim. montane for., #9a (Lobl & Burckhardt) (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève, BMNH, Museum of Comparative Zoology).
- Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 910, worker described)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Hashimoto Y., Y. Morimoto, and M. Mohamed. 2002. Species list of ground and leaf litter ants collected in Lower Kinabatangan. Lower Kinabatangan : scientific expedition 2002/ 13-18.
- Hashimoto Y., Y. Morimoto, and M. Mohamed. 2003. Species List of Ground and Leaf Litter Ants Collected in Lower Kinabatangan. Pp 13-18. In Lower Kinabatangan Scientific Expedition 2002, 176 pp. ISBN-13: 983-2369-11-8
- Pfeiffer M.; Mezger, D.; Hosoishi, S.; Bakhtiar, E. Y.; Kohout, R. J. 2011. The Formicidae of Borneo (Insecta: Hymenoptera): a preliminary species list. Asian Myrmecology 4:9-58