Strumigenys lachesis

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Strumigenys lachesis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Strumigenys
Species: S. lachesis
Binomial name
Strumigenys lachesis
(Bolton, 2000)

Strumigenys lachesis casent0900156 p 1 high.jpg

Strumigenys lachesis casent0900156 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Strumigenys lachesis.

Identification

Bolton (2000) - A member of the argiola complex in the Strumigenys argiola group. This minute species is close to Strumigenys hirashimai but with the marked pilosity differences noted in the diagnoses. Apart from pilosity the apicodorsal mandibular tooth of lachesis is smaller and shorter than in hirashimai, and funicular segments 2 and 3 are much smaller and less conspicuous.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: China (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Strumigenys were once thought to be rare. The development and increased use of litter sampling methods has led to the discovery of a tremendous diversity of species. Many species are specialized predators (e.g. see Strumigenys membranifera and Strumigenys louisianae). Collembola (springtails) and other tiny soil arthropods are typically favored prey. Species with long linear mandibles employ trap-jaws to sieze their stalked prey (see Dacetine trap-jaws). Larvae feed directly on insect prey brought to them by workers. Trophallaxis is rarely practiced. Most species live in the soil, leaf litter, decaying wood or opportunistically move into inhabitable cavities on or under the soil. Colonies are small, typically less than 100 individuals but in some species many hundreds. Moist warm habitats and micro-habitats are preferred. A few better known tramp and otherwise widely ranging species tolerate drier conditions. Foraging is often in the leaf litter and humus. Workers of many species rarely venture above ground or into exposed, open areas. Individuals are typically small, slow moving and cryptic in coloration. When disturbed individuals freeze and remain motionless. Males are not known for a large majority of species.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • lachesis. Pyramica lachesis Bolton, 2000: 389 (w.) CHINA. Combination in Strumigenys: Baroni Urbani & De Andrade, 2007: 122

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 1.5, HL 0.39, HW 0.36, CI 92, ML 0.12, MI 31, SL 0.17, SI 47, PW 0.24, AL 0.42. Apicodorsal tooth of mandible short and dentiform, not spiniform and no longer than apicoventral tooth. Mandible without preapical teeth. Dorsal surface and outer dorsolateral margin of mandible each with a longitudinal row of apically directed scale-like to spoon-shaped hairs that are decumbent to loosely appressed. Anterior clypeal margin with 6 elongate strap-like hairs that project anteriorly; the two pairs closest to the clypeal midline are shallowly curved away from the midline. Most hairs on leading edge of scape curved toward the base of the scape. Funicular segments 2 and 3 ( = antennal segments 3 and 4) very small, short and inconspicuous. Orbicular hairs present on dorsal surfaces of scape and all over the cephalic dorsum; those occurring medially on the clypeus are much smaller than those near its lateral or posterior margins. CI < 100. Mesonotum in profile not bulging posteriorly over base of propodeum. Dorsolateral margin of propodeum with 2-3 broadly spoon-shaped hairs that are strongly curved posteriorly; none on propodeal dorsum.

Type Material

Holotype worker, China: central Guangdong, Gutian, 3.iv.1997 (J. R. Fellowes) (The Natural History Museum).

References

  • Baroni Urbani, C. & De Andrade, M.L. 2007. The ant tribe Dacetini: limits and constituent genera, with descriptions of new species. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “G. Doria” 99:1-191.
  • Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 389, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Xu Z. H., and X. G. Zhou. 2004. Systematic study on the ant genus Pyramica Roger (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 29: 440-450.
  • Xu Z. and X.-G. Zhou. 2004. Systematic study on the ant genus Pyramica Roger (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 29(3): 440-450