(Terayama, Lin & Wu, W.-J., 1996)
Very little is known about this species. In Hong Kong it is an uncommon species and is known only from a few locations. It occurs in secondary forests at elevations ranging from 262 to 291 m (Tang et al., 2019). It apparently forms small monogynous colonies of about 20 individuals (Masuko 2009b).
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
Bolton (2000) - A member of the Strumigenys mnemosyne-group. Known from very little material, mazu is nevertheless the most confidently identified species of this group. Its reticulate-punctate cephalic dorsum that contrasts strongly with the smooth pronotum, sharply defined upper scrobe margin and lack of basigastral costulae quickly separates it from the four remaining species of the group. In these (Strumigenys daspleta, Strumigenys mnemosyne, Strumigenys runa, Strumigenys taphra) the cephalic dorsum is as smooth as the pronotum, the upper scrobe margin is rounded and poorly defined, and basigastral costulae are present on the first gastral tergite on each side of a mid-dorsal clear area.
Keys including this Species
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Strumigenys were once thought to be rare. The development and increased use of litter sampling methods has led to the discovery of a tremendous diversity of species. Many species are specialized predators (e.g. see Strumigenys membranifera and Strumigenys louisianae). Collembola (springtails) and other tiny soil arthropods are typically favored prey. Species with long linear mandibles employ trap-jaws to sieze their stalked prey (see Dacetine trap-jaws). Larvae feed directly on insect prey brought to them by workers. Trophallaxis is rarely practiced. Most species live in the soil, leaf litter, decaying wood or opportunistically move into inhabitable cavities on or under the soil. Colonies are small, typically less than 100 individuals but in some species many hundreds. Moist warm habitats and micro-habitats are preferred. A few better known tramp and otherwise widely ranging species tolerate drier conditions. Foraging is often in the leaf litter and humus. Workers of many species rarely venture above ground or into exposed, open areas. Individuals are typically small, slow moving and cryptic in coloration. When disturbed individuals freeze and remain motionless. Males are not known for a large majority of species.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- mazu. Smithistruma mazu Terayama, Lin & Wu, 1996: 337, figs. 26, 27, 30, 31 (w.) TAIWAN. Combination in Pyramica: Bolton, 1999: 1673; in Strumigenys: Baroni Urbani & De Andrade, 2007: 123. See also: Bolton, 2000: 446.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Bolton (2000) - TL 1.3-1.5, HL 0.41-0.43, HW 0.30-0.31, CI 70-76, ML 0.07-0.08, MI 17-18, SL 0.16-0.18, SI 52, PW 0.20, AL 0.40-0.43 (2 measured). Dorsolateral margin of head with numerous freely laterally projecting fine sub flagellate hairs. Clypeus mostly smooth, with extremely faint vestiges of superficial sculpture; anterior clypeal margin transverse. Cephalic dorsum reticulate-punctate behind clypeus and with numerous fine simple standing hairs; the sculpture of the dorsum contrasts strongly with the smooth cuticle within the well defined scrobe. Leading edge of scape shallowly convex, with minute elevated fine hairs that curve toward the apex of the scape and also with a series of 3-4 straight, freely projecting elongate simple hairs that are directed an terodorsally. Dorsal surfaces of alitrunk, petiole, postpetiole and first gastral tergite smooth and shining. Sides of alitrunk entirely smooth and shining. Dorsum of promesonotum, waist segments and first gastral tergite with numerous fine standing hairs. Dorsal (outer) surfaces of middle and hind tibiae with quite long decumbent hairs that curve toward the apex and also with a number of freely projecting more or less straight hairs present; the latter also occur on the basitarsi. Lamella on propodeal declivity short, translucent, almost as broad as high and reaching up to the level of the dorsal margin of the spiracle. Ventral spongiform strip of petiole deeper in profile than depth of peduncle. Petiole node in dorsal view conspicuously broader than long, with prominent lateral spongiform lobes and an extremely narrow posterior collar. Disc of postpetiole broader than long, the sides entirely margined with spongiform tissue. Anterior margin of disc in dorsal view approximately transverse, the sides convex and converging posteriorly. Basigastral costulae absent.
Bolton (2000) - Holotype worker, TAIWAN: Chilan, Yilan Hsien, 28.vii.1988 (no collector' s name given). Paratype workers, JAPAN: Okinawa Pref., Okinawa Is, Henza-jima I., ix.1959 (H. Takamine) (National Institute of Agro-Environmental Sciences, Museum of Nature and Human Activities) [MNHA paratypes examined].
- Baroni Urbani, C. & De Andrade, M.L. 2007. The ant tribe Dacetini: limits and constituent genera, with descriptions of new species. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “G. Doria” 99: 1-191.
- Bolton, B. 1999. Ant genera of the tribe Dacetonini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). J. Nat. Hist. 3 33: 1639-1689 (page 1673, combination in Pyramica)
- Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 446, redescription of worker)
- Masuko K (2009b) Studies on the predatory biology of Oriental dacetine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). III. Predation on gamasid mites by Pyramica mazu with a supplementary note on P. hexamerus. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 82: 109–113. https://doi. org/10.2317/JKES806.17.1.
- Ogata, K.; Onoyama, K. 1998. A revision of the ant genus Smithistruma Brown of Japan, with descriptions of four new species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomol. Sci. 1(2): 277-287 (page 284, see also)
- Tang, K.L., Pierce, M.P., Guénard, B. 2019. Review of the genus Strumigenys (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) in Hong Kong with the description of three new species and the addition of five native and four introduced species records. ZooKeys 831: 1–48 (DOI 10.3897/zookeys.831.31515).
- Terayama, M.; Lin, C.-C.; Wu, W.-J. 1996. The Taiwanese species of the ant genus Smithistruma (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Jpn. J. Entomol. 64: 327-339 (page 337, figs. 26, 27, 30, 31 worker described)
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Bolton, B. 2000. The Ant Tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 65
- Guénard B., and R. R. Dunn. 2012. A checklist of the ants of China. Zootaxa 3558: 1-77.
- Hosoishi S., M. Yoshimura, Y. Kuboki, and K. Ogata. 2007. Ants from Yakushima Island , Kagoshima Prefecture. Ari 30: 47-54.
- Ogata K. and Onoyama K. 1998. A Revision of the Ant Genus Smithistruma Brown of Japan, with Descriptions of Four New Species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomological Science 1: 277-287
- Tang K.L., Pierce M.P., and B. Guénard. 2019. Review of the genus Strumigenys (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) in Hong Kong with the description of three new species and the addition of five native and four introduced species records. ZooKeys 831: 1-48.
- Terayama M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266.
- Terayama M., C. C. Lin, and W. J. Wu. 1996. The Taiwanese species of the ant genus Smithistruma (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Japanese Journal of Entomology 64: 327-339.
- Terayama M., S. Kubota, and K. Eguchi. 2014. Encyclopedia of Japanese ants. Asakura Shoten: Tokyo, 278 pp.
- Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta; Hymenoptera). The Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University 17: 81-266.
- Tian M., L. Deharveng, A. Bedos, Y. Li, Z. Xue, B. Feng, and G. Wei. 2011, Advances of cave biodiversity survey: a result based mainly on invertebrates. Proceedings of the 17th National Congress of Speleology, Yinshuidong, Hubei, 1-3 Nov 20111, p 149-163.
- Xu Z. H., and X. G. Zhou. 2004. Systematic study on the ant genus Pyramica Roger (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 29: 440-450.
- Xu Z. and X.-G. Zhou. 2004. Systematic study on the ant genus Pyramica Roger (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 29(3): 440-450
- Xu Z. and X.-G. Zhou. 2004. Systematic study on the ant genus Pyramica Roger (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of China. Acta Zootaxonomica Sinica 29(3): 440-450.
- Yamane S., S. Ikudome, and M. Terayama. 1999. Identification guide to the Aculeata of the Nansei Islands, Japan. Sapporo: Hokkaido University Press, xii + 831 pp. pp, 138-317.
- Yamane S., Y. Harada, and K. Eguchi. 2013. Classification and ecology of ants. Natural history of ants in Southern Kyushu. 200 pages
- Yamane S.; Ikudome, S.; Terayama, M. 1999. Identification guide to the Aculeata of the Nansei Islands, Japan. Sapporo: Hokkaido University Press, xii + 831 pp. pp138-317.