Strumigenys perturba

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Strumigenys perturba
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Strumigenys
Species: S. perturba
Binomial name
Strumigenys perturba
Bolton, 2000

Strumigenys perturba casent0102624 profile 1.jpg

Strumigenys perturba casent0102624 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Strumigenys perturba.

Identification

Bolton (2000) – A member of the koningsbergeri complex in the Strumigenys koningsbergeri-group. See Strumigenys koningsbergeri.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Borneo (type locality), Indonesia, Malaysia.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Strumigenys were once thought to be rare. The development and increased use of litter sampling methods has led to the discovery of a tremendous diversity of species. Many species are specialized predators (e.g. see Strumigenys membranifera and Strumigenys louisianae). Collembola (springtails) and other tiny soil arthropods are typically favored prey. Species with long linear mandibles employ trap-jaws to sieze their stalked prey (see Dacetine trap-jaws). Larvae feed directly on insect prey brought to them by workers. Trophallaxis is rarely practiced. Most species live in the soil, leaf litter, decaying wood or opportunistically move into inhabitable cavities on or under the soil. Colonies are small, typically less than 100 individuals but in some species many hundreds. Moist warm habitats and micro-habitats are preferred. A few better known tramp and otherwise widely ranging species tolerate drier conditions. Foraging is often in the leaf litter and humus. Workers of many species rarely venture above ground or into exposed, open areas. Individuals are typically small, slow moving and cryptic in coloration. When disturbed individuals freeze and remain motionless. Males are not known for a large majority of species.

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • perturba. Strumigenys perturba Bolton, 2000: 850 (w.q.) BORNEO.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 3.0, HL 0.88, HW 0.76, CI 86, ML 0.39, MI 44, SL 0.46, SI 61, PW 0.35, AL 0.80. With characters of koningsbergeri-complex. Preocular concavity forms a short, shallowly depressed basin on ventral surface of head. Upper scrobe margins not constricted above eye so that only extreme outer arc of eye visible in full-face view, or eye wholly concealed. Upper scrobe margin with minute irregularities from which small hairs arise, but without a row of triangular teeth, without a jagged appearance. Depression across posterior vertex of head broad but very shallow. Pronotum without a pair of short standing hairs close to anterodorsal margin. Pronotal humeral hair extremely short, straight and stubby. All erect hairs on cephalic dorsum, and single pair on mesonotum, extremely short. Katepisternum mostly smooth, metapleuron usually with a small smooth patch. Bullae of femoral glands form small but conspicuous ovals on middle and hind legs. Lamella on propodeal declivity broad, in profile its posterior (free) margin shallowly convex. Standing hairs on first gastral tergite short, weakly expanded and flattened toward the apex.

Paratypes. TL 2.7-3.1, HL 0.81-0.91, HW 0.69-0.78, CI 85-87, ML 0.35-0.42, MI 43-47, SL 0.42-0.48, SI 58-62, PW 0.34-0.37, AL 0.72-0.84 (10 measured).

Type Material

Holotype worker, Malaysia: Sabah, Crocker Range, 1200 m., 19.v.1987, #31 a (Burckhardt & Lobl) (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève). Paratypes. 21 workers and 2 queens with same data as holotype; 3 workers, Crocker Range, 1600 m., 18.v.1987, #30a (Lobl & Burckhardt); 6 workers, Sabah, Poring Hot Springs, 7.v.1987, 500 m., #15a (Burckhardt & Lobl) (MHNG, The Natural History Museum, Museum of Comparative Zoology).

References

  • Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 850, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Pfeiffer M.; Mezger, D.; Hosoishi, S.; Bakhtiar, E. Y.; Kohout, R. J. 2011. The Formicidae of Borneo (Insecta: Hymenoptera): a preliminary species list. Asian Myrmecology 4:9-58