Strumigenys sydorata

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Strumigenys sydorata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Strumigenys
Species: S. sydorata
Binomial name
Strumigenys sydorata
Bolton, 2000

Strumigenys sydorata casent0102619 profile 1.jpg

Strumigenys sydorata casent0102619 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Represented by a small number of specimens, this species is rare in Hong Kong and occurs only within secondary forests and Feng Shui woods, with elevations of collection sites ranged from 15 to 170 m (Tang et al., 2019).

Identification

Bolton (2000) - A member of the lyroessa complex in the Strumigenys lyroessa-group. Very closely related to Strumigenys arrogantia and best separated by details of mandibular structure mentioned in the key and descriptions. A small point that may be significant is that sydorata seems at most to have two pairs of erect mesonotal hairs whilst arrogantia has three such pairs. Because these hairs are frequently abraded the character is best applied only to specimens in perfect condition. For other related species see under arrogantia.

Tang et al. (2019) - Strumigenys sydorata belongs to the lyroessa-complex within the S. lyroessa-group. This species can be separated from others in this group by the presence of pronotal humeral hairs, a smooth first gastral tergite, a well-developed lamella along the propodeal declivity, and a larger preapical tooth when compared to the apicodorsal tooth on mandibles. The latter character separates it from Strumigenys arrogantia, which is slightly smaller than S. sydorata.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

The record from Hong Kong represents another important geographic extension of 900 km north-eastward in Mainland Asia, with the closest record known from Cúc Phương in Vietnam (Eguchi et al. 2011; Tang et al., 2019).

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), Malaysia.
Oriental Region: Thailand, Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • sydorata. Strumigenys sydorata Bolton, 2000: 876 (w.q.) INDONESIA (Java).

Type Material

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Holotype. TL 2.6, HL 0.74, HW 0.56, CI 76, ML 0.20, MI 27, SL 0.30, SI 54, PW 0.34, AL 0.70. Characters of lyroessa-complex. In profile preapical tooth of mandible stouter and more strongly developed than apicodorsal tooth. Dorsal margin of mandible, as seen in profile, appears depressed distal of preapical tooth, the gap between preapical and apicodorsal teeth represented by a cleft rather than a transverse margin. Upper scrobe margin with a row of anteriorly curved small spoon-shaped hairs. Apicoscrobal hair short, stiff and stout; dorsolateral margin posterior to this with 5-6 similarly shaped but slightly shorter projecting hairs. Cephalic dorsum with standing hairs restricted to a stubbly transverse row along the occipital margin. Pronotal humeral hair short and stiff; pronotum otherwise without standing hairs. Mesonotum with 2 pairs of remiform to apically expanded short erect hairs, located along the dorsolateral margins; anterior hair the longest. Width of lamella on propodeal declivity, at its broadest point below level of spiracle, more than half the length of the propodeal tooth. Erect hairs on first gastral tergite short and stiff, spatulate or expanded apically, distributed over the entire sclerite.

Paratypes. TL 2.4-2.6, HL 0.64-0.74, HW 0.49-0.57, CI 76-78, ML 0.18-0.21, MI 27-30, SL 0.26-0.30, SI 51-54, PW 0.28-0.35, AL 0.62-0.70 (4 measured). As holotype but posterior mesonotal hair frequently missing, probably abraded off.

Dimensions of non-paratypic workers. HL 0.66-0.76, HW 0.52-0.58, CI 74-78, ML 0.19-0.22, MI 28-29, SL 0.26-0.30, SI 50-54 (5 measured).

Determination Clarifications

This species was referred to as Strumigenys sp. 7 and sp. 9 in Bolton, 1998b: 92.

References