This is a rare species in Hong Kong, collected only within secondary forest but through a wide elevational range extending from 141 to 816 m (Tang et al., 2019).
Bolton (2000) - A member of the argiola complex in the Strumigenys argiola group. Closest related to Strumigenys hexamera but with only a single preapical tooth on the mandible, a narrower head, and a posterior mesonotum that does not overhang the metanotal groove.
Keys including this Species
The Hong Kong record confirms the distribution of S. tisiphone within China and represents the south-easternmost record for the species. The previous record in China is from Gutian, central Guangdong (24.2N, 116.6E) (Bolton 2000; Tang et al., 2019).
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- tisiphone. Pyramica tisiphone Bolton, 2000: 390 (w.) CHINA. Combination in Strumigenys: Baroni Urbani & De Andrade, 2007: 129
- Holotype, worker, central Guangdong, Gutian, China, 3.iv.1997, J. R. Fellowes, The Natural History Museum.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Holotype. TL 2.0, HL 0.50, HW 0.48, CI 96, ML 0.20, MI 40, SL 0.22, SI 46, PW 0.28, AL 0.53. Apicodorsal tooth of mandible elongate and spiniform. Mandible with a single minute preapical tooth, located very close to the apicodorsal tooth and may be difficult to see. Dorsal surface of mandible with 3 longitudinal rows of scale-like to spoon-shaped hairs; hairs of the inner row largest and sparsest, inclined into the space between the mandibles. Hairs on leading edge of scape curved toward apex of scape. Clypeus, cephalic dorsum and scape dorsum with orbicular hairs; on the head there is a small hairless patch on each side, mesad of the lateral margin in the area where the margins are most strongly divergent. CI < 100. Mesonotum in profile not bulging posteriorly over base of propodeum, not overhanging metanotal groove.
- Baroni Urbani, C. & De Andrade, M.L. 2007. The ant tribe Dacetini: limits and constituent genera, with descriptions of new species. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “G. Doria” 99:1-191.
- Bolton, B. 2000. The ant tribe Dacetini. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute. 65:1-1028. (page 390, worker described)
- Tang, K.L., Pierce, M.P., Guénard, B. 2019. Review of the genus Strumigenys (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) in Hong Kong with the description of three new species and the addition of five native and four introduced species records. ZooKeys 831: 1–48 (DOI 10.3897/zookeys.831.31515).
- Xu, Zheng-Hui; Zhou, Xing-Guo 2004. Systematic study on the ant genus Pyramica Roger (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of China. Acta Zootaxon. Sin. 29(3): 440-450 (page 449, transferred from Epitritus)