Tapinoma simrothi

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Tapinoma simrothi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Genus: Tapinoma
Species: T. simrothi
Binomial name
Tapinoma simrothi
Krausse, 1911

Tapinoma simrothi casent0178242 profile 1.jpg

Tapinoma simrothi casent0178242 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels


Mainly a west-Mediterranean taxon, mentioned also from Afghanistan and the Arabian Peninsula (Rigato & Toni, 2011). Pashaei Rad et al. (2018) found this species in Iran on the ground and on trees, and on the ground in a moderate to low rainfall area.



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
Palaearctic Region: Afghanistan, Algeria, Balearic Islands, Canary Islands, China, Gibraltar, Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Iran, Italy (type locality), Kuwait, Malta, Montenegro, Oman, Portugal, Qatar, Spain, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Tapinoma simrothi in Saudi Arabia was observed nesting in a decaying carpet, among roots of graminae plants and attending unidentified mealybugs, and also coexisting with Solenopsis saudiensis (Sharaf and Aldawood 2011).

Karami-jamour et al (2018) studied interactions between this ant and the aphid Aphis gossypii. Tapinoma simrothi tends this aphid and potentially protects it from predators. Laboratory microcosm experiments with plants, ants, aphids and two aphid predators (Chrysoperla carnea Stephens, green lacewing and Coccinellia septempunctata Mulsant, ladybird/ladybug) suggested T. simrothi can decrease predation of the aphid.



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • simrothi. Tapinoma erraticum var. simrothi Krausse, 1911: 18 (w.) ITALY (Sardinia). Emery, 1925d: 49 (q.m.). Raised to species: Emery, 1925d: 48; Menozzi, 1933b: 77; Santschi, 1936c: 204. Junior synonym of erraticum: Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 55. Revived from synonymy, status as species: Bernard, 1967: 259; Kutter, 1977c: 182. Current subspecies: nominal plus phoeniceum. See also: Shattuck, 1994: 154.



  • n = 9, 2n = 18 (Spain; Tunisia) (Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983).
  • n = 9 (Crozier, 1975).


  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1964b. Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia. II. Formiche di Sicilia. Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. (6) 16: 25-66 (page 55, Junior synonym of erraticum)
  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 259, Revived from synonymy, status as species)
  • Berville, L., Hefetz, A., Espadaler, X., Lenoir, A., Renucci, M., Blight, O. & Provot, E. 2013. Differentiation of the ant genus Tapinoma (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from the Mediterranean Basin by species-specific hydrocarbon profiles. Myrmecological News 18, 77-92.
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 49, queen, male described; page 48, Raised to species)
  • Karami-jamour, T., A. Mirmoayedi, A. Zamani, and Y. Khajehzadeh. 2018. The impact of ant attendance on protecting Aphis gossypii against two aphidophagous predators and it's role on the Intraguild Predation between them. Journal of Insect Behavior. 31:222-239. doi:10.1007/s10905-018-9670-4
  • Krausse, A. H. 1911a [1909]. Über Messor structor Ltr. und einige andere Ameisen auf Sardinien. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 41: 14-18 (page 18, worker described)
  • Kutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helv. Fauna 6: 1-298 (page 182, Revived from synonymy, status as species)
  • Menozzi, C. 1933b. Le formiche della Palestina. Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 12: 49-113 (page 77, Raised to species)
  • Pashaei Rad, S., Taylor, B., Torabi, R., Aram, E., Abolfathi, G., Afshari, R., Borjali, F., Ghatei, M., Hediary, F., Jazini, F., Heidary Kiah, V., Mahmoudi, Z., Safariyan, F., Seiri, M. 2018. Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran. Zoology in the Middle East 64, 145-159 (doi:10.1080/09397140.2018.1442301).
  • Rigato, F.; Toni, I. 2011. Short notes 21. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Pp. 873-882 in: Nardi, G.; Whitmore, D.; Bardiani, M.; Birtele, D.; Mason, F.; Spada, L.; Cerretti, P. (eds.) 2011. Biodiversity of Marganai and Montimannu (Sardinia). Research in the framework of the ICP Forests network. Conservazione Habitat Invertebrati, 5. Sommacampagna, Verona: Cierre Edizioni, 896 pp.
  • Santschi, F. 1936c. Liste et descriptions de fourmis du Maroc. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 16: 198-210 (page 204, Raised to species)
  • Shattuck, S. O. 1994. Taxonomic catalog of the ant subfamilies Aneuretinae and Dolichoderinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Entomol. 112:i-xix, 1-241. (page 154, see also)