Temnothorax affinis

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Temnothorax affinis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species group: affinis
Species: T. affinis
Binomial name
Temnothorax affinis
(Mayr, 1855)

Temnothorax affinis casent0173201 profile 1.jpg

Temnothorax affinis casent0173201 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

A relatively common, arboreal species usually inhabiting twigs in southern European (Rigato & Toni, 2011) and associated with broad-leaved forests in Russia (Zryanin & Zryanina, 2007).

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Cuba.
Palaearctic Region: Andorra, Austria (type locality), Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Luxembourg, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Association with Other Organisms

Other Ants

  • This species is a host for the ant Temnothorax muellerianus (a slave maker) (Buschinger et al., 1988) (rare host).
  • This species is a host for the ant Temnothorax ravouxi (a slave maker) in southern Europe (Czechowski & Czechowska, 2000).

Fungi

  • This species is a host for the fungus Myrmicinosporidium durum (a pathogen) (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).

Life History Traits

  • Queen number: monogynous (Frumhoff & Ward, 1992)

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • affinis. Leptothorax affinis Mayr, 1855: 442 (w.) AUSTRIA. Forel, 1874: 88 (q.); Stitz, 1914: 62 (m.). Combination in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003: 271. Subspecies of tuberum: Forel, 1874: 85; Forel, 1892i: 314; Bondroit, 1910: 496; Emery, 1916b: 174; Emery, 1924d: 256. Status as species: Bondroit, 1918: 128; Müller, 1923: 93; Finzi, 1933: 164; Stitz, 1939: 173; Bernard, 1956a: 163; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 102; Kutter, 1977c: 130; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 133. Senior synonym of tirolensis: Emery, 1914d: 158 (footnote); of tuberoaffinis: Kutter, 1977c: 14.
  • tirolensis. Leptothorax tirolensis Gredler, 1858: 26 (w.) AUSTRIA. Subspecies of tuberum: Emery & Forel, 1879: 459. Status as species: André, 1883a: 297; Dalla Torre, 1893: 127. Junior synonym of affinis: Emery, 1914d: 158 (footnote).

Type Material

Types studied by Salata et al. (2018): Temnothorax affinis: Syntype (w.) (CASENT0907571): [Fully | 14.VII-17 || Clypeus mit längskiel | Fuhlerschaft Kü (…) || als bei tuberum || Typus || ANTWEB | CASENT | 0907571 || Catalogué | Base MZL || two other labels – unreadable writing] (MZLS).


Description

Karyotype

  • n = 9 (France, Germany, Switzerland) (Fischer, 1987) (as Leptothorax affinis).

References

  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1978b. Materiali per una revisione dei Leptothorax neotropicali appartenenti al sottogenere Macromischa Roger, n. comb. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomol. Basil. 3: 395-618 (page 501, Replacement name: Leptothorax similis)
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  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1971c. Catalogo delle specie di Formicidae d'Italia (Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia X). Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 50: 5-287 (page 102, Status as species)
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  • Forel, A. 1892j. Die Ameisenfauna Bulgariens. (Nebst biologischen Beobachtungen.). Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 42: 305-318 (page 314, Subspecies/race of tuberum)
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  • Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ver. Wien 5: 273-478 (page 442, worker described)
  • Müller, G. 1923b. Le formiche della Venezia Guilia e della Dalmazia. Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. Nat. Trieste 28: 11-180 (page 93, Status as species)
  • Rigato, F.; Toni, I. 2011. Short notes 21. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Pp. 873-882 in: Nardi, G.; Whitmore, D.; Bardiani, M.; Birtele, D.; Mason, F.; Spada, L.; Cerretti, P. (eds.) 2011. Biodiversity of Marganai and Montimannu (Sardinia). Research in the framework of the ICP Forests network. Conservazione Habitat Invertebrati, 5. Sommacampagna, Verona: Cierre Edizioni, 896 pp.
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  • Salata, S., Borowiec, L., Trichas, A. 2018. Taxonomic revision of the Cretan fauna of the genus Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with notes on the endemism of ant fauna of Crete. Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 68(4): 769-808 (DOI 10.3161/00034541ANZ2018.68.4.004).
  • Stitz, H. 1914. Die Ameisen (Formicidae) Mitteleuropas, insbesondere Deutschlands. Pp. 1-111 in: Schröder, C. (ed.) Die Insekten Mitteleuropas insbesondere Deutschlands. Band II, Hymenopteren, 2. Teil. Stuttgart: Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, 256 pp. (page 62, male described)
  • Stitz, H. 1939. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meersteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise. 37. Theil. Hautflüger oder Hymenoptera. I: Ameisen oder Formicidae. Jena: G. Fischer, 428 pp. (page 173, Status as species)
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