Temnothorax ariadnae

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Temnothorax ariadnae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species group: parvulus
Species: T. ariadnae
Binomial name
Temnothorax ariadnae
Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015

Temnothorax ariadnae casent0906020 p 1 high.jpg

Temnothorax ariadnae casent0906020 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This diurnal species is common in deciduous forests on Crete, especially in those dominated by oaks. Nests are under stones or in litter, usually in shady localities close to streams or in humid soil. Colonies monogynous (Salata, Borowiec & Trichas, 2018).

Identification

Csösz et al. (2015) - A member of the parvulus species-complex. This species shares most characteristics of its surface sculpture and shape with Temnothorax helenae and Temnothorax parvulus. Values of the propodeal spine length ratio (SPST/CL) for nest sample means perfectly separate T. parvulus (mean: 0.282 [min: 0.259, max: 0.303]) and T. ariadnae (mean: 0.216 [min: 0199, max: 0.227]). The geographical range of T. ariadnae and T. parvulus does not overlap and more complicated means of separating single individuals are therefore not needed.

The separation of T. ariadnae and T. helenae can be more difficult, because both taxa co-occur in Crete and various body ratios overlap. A discriminant (D4 = -0.0932_PPL -0.0767_POC +0.1203_PL -0.0384_SPWI +9.827) function is the shortest formula that yields reliable separation for single individuals (99.4%) and nest sample means (100%) of T. ariadnae and T. helenae.

Temnothorax ariadnae can be easily separated from two additional species whose distributional range expands to Crete, Temnothorax lucidus and Temnothorax subtilis, based on the shiny surface of the head dorsum of the two latter. In exceptional cases, or if dust cover obstructs a clear view of the surface sculpture, body ratios help to distinguish T. ariadnae from T. subtilis by the longer head (CL/CWb), the larger eyes (EL) and the longer propodeal spines (SPST/CS) and from T. lucidus by the non-overlapping NodL/CS, lower NOL/CS ratio and the longer head.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Endemic to Crete.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Greece (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • ariadnae. Temnothorax ariadnae Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015: 42, figs. 25A-C (w.) GREECE.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Body color: brown; yellow. Body color pattern: mesosoma, antenna and legs, waist and anterior region of 1st gastral tergite lighter than head dorsum and posterior region of gaster. Antenna color pattern: clava concolorous funicle. Absolute cephalic size: 533–557 μm (mean = 543, n = 5). Cephalic length vs. Maximum width of head capsule (CL/CWb): 1.196–1.293 (mean = 1.223). Postocular distance vs. cephalic length (PoOc/CL): 0.373–0.393 (mean = 0.386). Postocular sides of cranium contour frontal view orientation: converging posteriorly. Postocular sides of cranium contour frontal view shape: strongly convex. Vertex contour line in frontal view shape: straight. Vertex sculpture: main sculpture absent, ground sculpture areolate. Genae contour from anterior view orientation: converging. Gena contour line in frontal view shape: convex. Gena sculpture: rugoso-reticulate with areolate ground sculpture. Median region of antennal rim vs. frontal carina in frontal view structure: not fully overlapped by frontal carina. Concentric carinae laterally surrounding antennal foramen count: present. Eye length vs. absolute cephalic size (EL/CS): 0.260–0.266 (mean = 0.263). Frontal carina distance vs. absolute cephalic size (FRS/CS): 0.346–0.369 (mean = 0.356). Longitudinal carinae on median region of frons count: absent. Smooth median region on frons count: absent. Antennomere count: 12. Scape length vs. absolute cephalic size (SL/CS): 0.758–0.795 (mean = 0.775). Facial area of the scape absolute setal angle: 0–15°. External area of the scape absolute setal angle: 30°; 35–45°. Ground sculpture of submedian area of clypeus: smooth. Median carina of clypeus count: present. Lateral carinae of clypeus count: present. Median anatomical line of propodeal spine angle value to Weber length in lateral view: 45–50°. Spine length vs. absolute cephalic size (SPST/CS): 0.220–0.249 (mean = 0.237). Minimum spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPBA/CS): 0.248–0.287 (mean = 0.278). Maximum spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPWI/CS): 0.303–0.336 (mean = 0.314). Apical spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPTI/CS): 0.289–0.322 (mean = 0.300). Maximum mesosoma width vs. absolute cephalic size (MW/CS): 0.602–0.618 (mean = 0.611). Metanotal depression count: present. Metanotal depression shape: shallow. Dorsal region of mesosoma sculpture: rugulose with areolate ground sculpture. Lateral region of pronotum sculpture: areolate ground sculpture, main sculpture forked costate. Mesopleuron sculpture: areolate ground sculpture superimposed by dispersed rugulae. Metapleuron sculpture: areolate ground sculpture superimposed by dispersed rugulae. Frontal profile of petiolar node contour line in lateral view shape: concave. Anterodorsal rim of petiole count: absent medially. Dorsal profile of petiolar node contour line in lateral view shape: strongly convex. Dorsal region of petiole sculpture: ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture dispersed rugose; ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture absent. Dorso-caudal petiolar profile contour line in lateral view shape: straight; concave. Dorsal region of postpetiole sculpture: ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture dispersed rugose; ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture absent.

Type Material

Holotype: GER:024 Greece, Crete, 5 km N Ano Vianos, Vic. Katofigi, 35.0922 N, 25.4165 E, 60 mH, 17.04.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (Hungarian Natural History Museum), [GRE:Crete-Ano-Vianos-5N-20110417-024]; Paratypes: GER:024 Greece, Crete, 5 km N Ano Vianos, Vic. Katofigi, 35.0922 N, 25.4165 E, 60 mH, 17.04.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (5## HNHM, 2## California Academy of Sciences, CASENT0914694), [GRE:Crete- Ano-Vianos-5N-20110417-024]; GRE:092 Greece, Crete, 3 km E Ag. Vasilios, 25 km S Rethimnon, 35.2408 N, 24.4652 E, 300mH, 24.04.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (5## HNHM), [GRE: Crete-Ag-Vasilios-3E-20110424-092]; GRE:093 Greece, Crete, 3 km E Ag. Vasilios, 25 km S Rethimnon, 35.2408 N, 24.4652 E, 300mH, 24.04.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (3## HNHM, 2## CAS CASENT0906020, CASENT0906678), [GRE:Crete-Ag-Vasilios-3E-20110424-093]; GRE:037 Greece, Crete, Lassithi Plateau, 16 km S Malia, 35.1623 N, 25.4560 E, 1000mH, 18.04.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (3## HNHM, 1# CAS), [GRE:Crete-Malia16S-20110418-037].

Etymology

The name of this Cretan endemic species is dedicated to Ariadne, the daughter of king of Crete, Minos. In Greek mythology, her figure is closely connected with Minotaur’s labyrinth in Crete.

References