Temnothorax mediterraneus

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Temnothorax mediterraneus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species group: angustulus
Species: T. mediterraneus
Binomial name
Temnothorax mediterraneus
Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2014

Temnothorax kraussei casent0904755 p 1 high.jpg

Temnothorax kraussei casent0904755 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Sardinia and Sicily are the easternmost regions of the distribution area of this species, which also comprises southern France (including Corsica) and Spain. However, its taxonomy needs to be investigated because it could be a synonym of Temnothorax angustulus (Rigato & Toni, 2011). (Nylander, 1856).

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Andorra, Iberian Peninsula, Italy (type locality), Malta, Montenegro, Spain.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • kraussei. Leptothorax angustulus var. kraussei Emery, 1916b: 175 (w.) ITALY (Sardinia). Bondroit, 1918: 135 (q.m.). [First available use of Leptothorax angustulus var. kraussei Krausse, 1912b: 162. Nomen nudum. Leptothorax tuberum subsp. angustulus var. kraussei Emery, 1915a: 260; unavailable name.] [Junior secondary homonym of kraussei Emery, 1915a: 262.] Replacement name: mediterraneus Ward et al., 2014: 15. Combination in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003: 271. Raised to species: Bondroit, 1918: 135. Subspecies of angustulus: Emery, 1924d: 252. Junior synonym of angustulus: Bernard, 1967: 202. Revived from synonymy, with status as species: Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 111; Espadaler & Collingwood, 1982: 41; Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990b: 418.
  • mediterraneus. Temnothorax mediterraneus Ward, Brady, Fisher & Schultz, 2014: 15. Replacement name for kraussei Emery, 1916b: 175. [Junior secondary homonym of kraussei Emery, 1915a: 262.]

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 14, 2n = 28 (France, Italy, Spain) (Fischer, 1987) (as Leptothorax kraussei).

References

  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1971c. Catalogo delle specie di Formicidae d'Italia (Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia X). Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 50: 5-287 (page 111, Revived from synonymy, with status as species)
  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 202, Junior synonym of angustulus)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 271, Combination in Temnothorax)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 135, queen, male described)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 135, Raised to species)
  • Casevitz-Weulersse, J. 1990c. Étude systématique de la myrmécofaune corse (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) (Deuxième partie). Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. Sect. A Zool. Biol. Écol. Anim. (4) 12: 415-442 (page 418, Revived from synonymy, with status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1916a [1915]. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 47: 79-275 (page 175, worker described)
  • Emery, C. 1924f [1922]. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [concl.]. Genera Insectorum 174C: 207-397 (page 252, Variety of angustulus)
  • Espadaler, X.; Collingwood. C. A. 1982. Notas sobre Leptothorax Mayr, 1855, con descripción de L. gredosi n. sp. (Hym. Formicidae). Bol. Asoc. Esp. Entomol. 6: 41-48 (page 41, Revived from synonymy, with status as species)
  • Fischer, Karl 1987: Karyotypuntersuchungen an selbständigen und sozialparasitischen Ameisen der Tribus Leptothoracini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) im Hinblick auf ihre Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen. PhD-thesis, Tech. Univ. Darmstadt (Germany), 217 p. (Karyotype studies in independent and social parasitic ants of the tribe Leptothoracini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) with regard to their relationships)
  • Galkowski, C., Cagniant, H. 2017. Contribution à la connaissance des fourmis du groupe angustulus dans le genre Temnothorax (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Revue de l'Association Roussillonnaise d'Entomologie 26: 180-191.
  • Rigato, F.; Toni, I. 2011. Short notes 21. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Pp. 873-882 in: Nardi, G.; Whitmore, D.; Bardiani, M.; Birtele, D.; Mason, F.; Spada, L.; Cerretti, P. (eds.) 2011. Biodiversity of Marganai and Montimannu (Sardinia). Research in the framework of the ICP Forests network. Conservazione Habitat Invertebrati, 5. Sommacampagna, Verona: Cierre Edizioni, 896 pp.
  • Ward, P.S., Brady, S.G., Fisher, B.L. & Schultz, T.R. 2014. The evolution of myrmicine ants: phylogeny and biogeography of a hyperdiverse ant clade (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Systematic Entomology, DOI: 10.1111/syen.12090.

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • AntArea. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at http://antarea.fr/fourmi/
  • Antarea (at www.antarea.fr on June 11th 2017)
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  • Asociacion Iberica de Mirmecologia. 2011. List of species collected during the Taxomara Lisboa 2010. Iberomyrmex 3: 32-33.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2015. Pheidole symbioticaWasmann, 1909, an enigmatic supposed social parasite, is a nematodeinfested form of Pheidole pallidula(Nylander, 1849) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Sociobiology 62(2): 181-186.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2017. New records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from southern Portugal. Acta Entomologica Silesiana 25(3): 1-10.
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  • Casevitz-Weulersse J. 1990. Etude Systematique de la Myrmecofaune Corse (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), deuxieme partie. Bull. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat. Paris. 4eme serie 12, section A(2): 415-442.
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  • Della Santa E. 1995. Fourmis de Provence. Faune Provence 16: 5-37.
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  • Espadaler, X., and C. A. Collingwood. "Notas sobre Leptothorax Mayr, 1855, con descripción de L. gredosi, n. sp." Boletín de la Asociación Española de Entomología 6 (1) (1982): 41-48.
  • Espadaler, X. "Catàleg de les formigues del països catalans." Ses. Entomol. ICHN-SCL IX (1997): 23-42.
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  • García F., X. Espadaler, P. Echave, and R. Vila. 2011. Hormigas (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) de los acantilados de l'Avenc de Tavertet (Osona) Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 47: 363-367.
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  • Rigato S., and I. Toni. 2011. Short notes 21. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Pp. 873-882 in: Nardi, G.; Whitmore, D.; Bardiani, M.; Birtele, D.; Mason, F.; Spada, L.; Cerretti, P. (eds.) 2011. Biodiversity of Marganai and Montimannu (Sardinia). Research in the framework of the ICP Forests network. Conservazione Habitat Invertebrati, 5. Sommacampagna, Verona: Cierre Edizioni, 896 pp.
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