Temnothorax nigriceps

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Temnothorax nigriceps
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species group: tuberum
Species: T. nigriceps
Binomial name
Temnothorax nigriceps
(Mayr, 1855)

Temnothorax nigriceps casent0173202 profile 1.jpg

Temnothorax nigriceps casent0173202 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Andorra, Austria (type locality), Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iberian Peninsula, Montenegro, Netherlands, Poland, Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Association with Other Organisms

Life History Traits

  • Queen number: monogynous (Frumhoff & Ward, 1992)

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • nigriceps. Leptothorax nigriceps Mayr, 1855: 441 (w.) AUSTRIA. Forel, 1874: 87 (q.); Bondroit, 1920b: 304 (q.m.); Finzi, 1939: 90 (m.); Hauschteck, 1962: 219 (k.). Combination in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003: 271. Subspecies of tuberum: Forel, 1874: 85; Ruzsky, 1902d: 21; Bondroit, 1910: 497; Santschi, 1910e: 648; Stitz, 1914: 63; Ruzsky, 1925b: 45. Status as species: Bondroit, 1912: 351; Bondroit, 1918: 125; Müller, 1923: 93; Finzi, 1924b: 122; Finzi, 1939: 88; Boven, 1947: 179; Bernard, 1956a: 162; Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 118; Kutter, 1977c: 132; Boven, 1977: 105; Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 542. Senior synonym of tuberonigriceps: Plateaux & Cagniant, 2912: 428. Current subspecies: nominal plus pyrenaeus.
  • tuberonigriceps. Leptothorax tuberum var. tuberonigriceps Forel, 1874: 88 (w.q.m.) SWITZERLAND. Junior synonym of nigriceps: Plateaux & Cagniant, 2912: 428.

Taxonomic Notes

Salata & Borowiec (2019): Results presented by Prebus (2017) suggest that the tuberum species group (sensu Cagniant and Espadaler 1997) and unifasciatus species group (sensu Bernard 1967) are paraphyletic. In both cases species groups were defined based on West-Mediterranean taxa. Only two Greek members of the tuberum species group were included in analysis presented by Prebus (2017): Temnothorax nigriceps and Temnothorax unifasciatus and they created a separate cluster. Confirmation, if the tuberum species group as defined by us here is a natural, monophyletic group requires further studies.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 9 (Croatia; France; Germany; Italy) (Fischer, 1987) (as Leptothorax nigriceps).
  • 2n = 18 (Switzerland) (Hauschteck, 1962) (as Leptothorax nigriceps).

References

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  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1971c. Catalogo delle specie di Formicidae d'Italia (Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia X). Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 50: 5-287 (page 118, Status as species)
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  • Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Gesammten Naturwiss. 26: 1-452 (page 87, queen described)
  • Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Gesammten Naturwiss. 26: 1-452 (page 85, Variety/race/subspecies of tuberum)
  • Hauschteck, E. 1962. Die Chromosomen einiger in der Schweiz vorkommender Ameisenarten. Vierteljahrsschr. Naturforsch. Ges. Zür. 107: 213-220 (page 219, karyotype described)
  • Kutter, H. 1977c. Hymenoptera, Formicidae. Insecta Helv. Fauna 6: 1-298 (page 132, Status as species)
  • Mayr, G. 1855. Formicina austriaca. Beschreibung der bisher im österreichischen Kaiserstaate aufgefundenen Ameisen, nebst Hinzufügung jener in Deutschland, in der Schweiz und in Italien vorkommenden Arten. Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ver. Wien 5: 273-478 (page 441, worker described)
  • Müller, G. 1923b. Le formiche della Venezia Guilia e della Dalmazia. Boll. Soc. Adriat. Sci. Nat. Trieste 28: 11-180 (page 93, Status as species)
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  • Ruzsky, M. 1925b. New data on the ant fauna of Siberia. Rus. Entomol. Obozr. 19: 41-46 (page 45, Variety/race/subspecies of tuberum)
  • Salata, S., Borowiec, L. 2019. Preliminary division of not socially parasitic Greek Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) with a description of three new species. ZooKeys 877: 81-131 (doi:10.3897/zookeys.877.36320).
  • Santschi, F. 1910e. Contributions à la faune entomologique de la Roumanie. Formicides capturées par Mr. A. L. Montandon. Bul. Soc. Rom. Stiinte 19: 648-652 (page 648, Variety/race/subspecies of tuberum)
  • Stitz, H. 1914. Die Ameisen (Formicidae) Mitteleuropas, insbesondere Deutschlands. Pp. 1-111 in: Schröder, C. (ed.) Die Insekten Mitteleuropas insbesondere Deutschlands. Band II, Hymenopteren, 2. Teil. Stuttgart: Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung, 256 pp. (page 63, Variety/race/subspecies of tuberum)

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