Temnothorax solerii

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Temnothorax solerii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species group: recedens
Species: T. solerii
Binomial name
Temnothorax solerii
(Menozzi, 1936)

Temnothorax solerii casent0914833 p 1 high.jpg

Temnothorax solerii casent0914833 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Temnothorax solerii was described from two workers collected in Karpathos. More recently it has been recorded from 11 coniferous forest localities on Karpathos island (Salata & Borowiec 2015b, Salata and Borowiec 2018b).

Identification

A member of the Temnothorax recedens group.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 38.15° to 38.15°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Greece (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Salata and Borowiec 2018b, Photos L. Borowiec. Figures 55-56.

Queen

Salata and Borowiec 2018b, Photo L. Borowiec. Figure 54.
Salata and Borowiec 2018b, Photos L. Borowiec. Figures 57-58

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • solerii. Leptothorax (Temnothorax) solerii Menozzi, 1936d: 291, fig. 13 (w.) GREECE. Combination in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003: 271.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Queen

Salata and Borowiec (2018) - Specimen from nest sample collected in Agnondia (35.59422 N/27.16741 E), 292 m, 18 V 2014, leg. S. Salata (DBET), n=1: HL: 0.82; HW: 0.72; SL: 0.63; EL: 0.23; EW: 0.18; ML: 1.44; PSL: 0.26; SDL: 0.16; PEL: 0.41; PPL: 0.23; PEH: 0.3; PPH: 0.3; PNW: 0.84; PEW: 0.25; PPW: 0.36; HI: 88. 0; SI1: 77. 0; SI2: 87.5; MI: 58.0; EI1: 78.6; EI2: 22.0; PI: 125.0; PPI: 77.8.

Colour. Whole body dark brown; antennae, mandibles and legs brown. Head. Oval, lateral surfaces below eyes straight, gently rounded on the posterior edges, occipital margin of head convex. Anterior margin of the clypeus gradually convex. Eyes big, oval, 0.3 times as long as length of the head. Antennal scape long, slightly curved, 0.8 times as long as length of the head, almost reaching occipital margin of head, in apex gradually widened, its base without teeth. Pedicel more than 2 times longer than wide; average 1.2 times longer than second segment of funiculus. Other funicular segments more than 1 ½ times longer than wide. Surface of scape with very fine and sparse punctation; covered with thin, dense, suberect to erect setae, shorter than 1/2 of scape width. Mandibles triangular, with sparse, longitudinal striae, shiny. Clypeus shiny with a few thick, longitudinal striae, area between striae smooth, shiny. Frontal carinae long, slightly extending across the eyes. Antennal fossa deep, smooth and shiny. Frontal lobes narrow, smooth with thick longitudinal striae. Frons and malar area with sparse, longitudinal and interrupted striae; genae, temples and vertex smooth and shiny. Entire head bearing sparse, thick, erect setae. Mesosoma. Short and low, square, 1.8 times as long as head; in lateral view its dorsum convex; propodeal spines moderate, triangular, short, with wide base and acute apex; dorsal surface of propodeum inclined towards its posterior surface. Pronotum, scutum, axilla, scutellum, anepisternum and katepisternum smooth and shiny; with single, short striae on lateral sides; propodeum shiny, with sparse, thick reticulation on dorsum and weaker and denser sculpture on lateral sides. Mesosoma dorsum with sparse, thick, erect setae. Petiole. Peduncle short, node moderate and narrow, with anterior and posterior faces straight, its dorsal surface narrow and convex. On the whole surface covered by dense reticulation and long, thick erect setae. Postpetiole. In lateral view, regularly rounded, 0.6 times as long as wide, apical half with gently rounded sides. On the whole surface covered by dense reticulation and long, thick erect setae. Gaster. Smooth and shiny, bearing sparse, long, suberect to erect, pale setae.

Type Material

Types studied by Salata et al. (2018): Temnothorax solerii: Syntypes (2w.): [L. (Temnothorax) | Solerii | Typus! Menoz. | Menozzi deter. || Otos | Scarpanto | 23.IV.1934 | C. Menozzi] (DSAB).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
  • Mei, M. "Lasius (Cautolasius) myrmidon n. sp.: A new hypogaeic ant from Greece (Hymenoptera, Formicidae)." Bollettino della Societa Entomologica Italiana 130 (1998): 177-182.
  • Salata S., and L. Borowiec. 2018. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on Greek ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 27: 1-51.