Temnothorax sordidulus

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Temnothorax sordidulus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species group: nylanderi
Species complex: sordidulus
Species: T. sordidulus
Binomial name
Temnothorax sordidulus
(Müller, 1923)

Temnothorax sordidulus casent0906694 p 1 high.jpg

Temnothorax sordidulus casent0906694 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Little is known about the biology of Temnothorax sordidulus.

Identification

Csösz et al. (2015) - A member of the sordidulus species-complex. Due to its dark brown to black color this species can only be confused with its European sibling, Temnothorax tergestinus. The other black species belonging to this complex, Temnothorax artvinensis is endemic to Turkey. Though T. sordidulus seems endemic to the Dinaran Alps, its distribution slightly overlaps with that of T. tergestinus in Slovenia and Austria. The darker, often black color of T. sordidulus in contrast to the brown color of Central European populations of T. tergestinus, its shorter spines (SPST/CS), shorter scapes (SL/CS), longer petioles (PL/CS) and petiolar nodes (NOL/CS) may help to separate T. sordidulus from Central European populations of T. tergestinus. If these ratios overlap and do not clearly separate between the two taxa, or if T. sordidulus shall be separated from Bulgarian or Greek populations of T. tergestinus, a discriminant function (D7 = +0.0323_SPTI -0.0594_NOL +0.0859_SL -0.0490_ML +0.0867_CWb -0.1167_EL -0.0414_CL -1.2164) yields 99% classification success rate in single individuals and 100% in nest sample means.

In its restricted distributional area T. sordidulus cannot be confused with any other species treated in this revision.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

This species has a relatively restricted distributional area and is occurs in the Dinaran Alps of Austria, Croatia and Slovenia. (Csösz et al. 2015)

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy (type locality), Montenegro, Republic of Macedonia, Slovenia.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Flight Period

X
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • sordidulus. Leptothorax sordidulus Müller, 1923: 70 (w.) ITALY.
    • [Also described as new by Müller, 1923b: 96.]
    • Novák, in Kratochvíl, Novák & Šnoflák, 1944: 118 (m.).
    • Combination in Temnothorax: Bolton, 2003: 271.
    • Status as species: Novák & Sadil, 1941: 90 (in key); Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 123; Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 274 (in key); Schulz, 1991: 121; Bolton, 1995b: 244; Seifert, 1995: 14; Czechowski, et al. 2002: 52; Seifert, 2006: 8; Seifert, 2007: 241; Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015: 55 (redescription).
    • Senior synonym of carinthiacus: Schulz, 1991: 121; Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015: 55.
    • Senior synonym of mulleri: Bolton, 1995b: 244.
  • mulleri. Leptothorax mulleri Santschi, 1926f: 293.
    • Unnecessary replacement name for sordidulus Müller, 1923b: 96.
    • [Misspelled as sordidus by Santschi, 1926f: 293.]
    • Junior synonym of sordidulus: Bolton, 1995b: 241.
  • carinthiacus. Leptothorax carinthiacus Bernard, 1957a: 46, figs. 1, 2 (w.q.m.) AUSTRIA.
    • Status as species: Bernard, 1967: 203 (redescription); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b: 274 (in key).
    • Junior synonym of sordidulus: Schulz, 1991: 121; Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015: 55.

Type Material

Csösz et al. (2015) - Type material of Leptothorax sordidulus Müller, 1923: not investigated, most probably lost, see also Seifert (2006).

Lectotype and Paralectotype of Leptothorax carinthiacus Bernard, 1957: Carinthia Viktring Hölzler leg. [on reverse side: “V/55”], Lectotype Leptothorax carinthiacus Bernard 1957 desig. B. Seifert 2006 (2# LMK), [AUT:Viktring-carinthiacus-TYPE] (CASENT0913637). Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Csösz et al. (2015) - Body color: brown; black. Body color pattern: head, mesosoma, waist and anterior region of 1st gastral tergite lighter than antenna and legs and posterior region of gaster. Antenna color pattern: clava concolorous funicle. Absolute cephalic size: 518–607μm (mean = 574, n = 15). Cephalic length vs. Maximum width of head capsule (CL/CWb): 1.192–1.278 (mean = 1.238). Postocular distance vs. cephalic length (PoOc/CL): 0.363–0.390 (mean = 0.374). Postocular sides of cranium contour frontal view orientation: parallel; converging posteriorly. Postocular sides of cranium contour frontal view shape: feebly convex. Vertex contour line in frontal view shape: straight. Vertex sculpture: main sculpture homogenously forked costate, ground sculpture areolate. Genae contour from anterior view orientation: converging. Gena contour line in frontal view shape: feebly convex. Gena sculpture: rugoso-reticulate with areolate ground sculpture. Median region of antennal rim vs. frontal carina in frontal view structure: not fully overlapped by frontal carina. Concentric carinae laterally surrounding antennal foramen count: present. Eye length vs. absolute cephalic size (EL/CS): 0.258–0.280 (mean = 0.266). Frontal carina distance vs. absolute cephalic size (FRS/CS): 0.353–0.378 (mean = 0.366). Longitudinal carinae on median region of frons count: present. Longitudinal carinae on medial region of frons shape: forked. Smooth median region on frons count: absent. Antennomere count: 12. Scape length vs. absolute cephalic size (SL/CS): 0.763–0.809 (mean = 0.785). Facial area of the scape absolute setal angle: 0–15°. External area of the scape absolute setal angle: 30°. Ground sculpture of submedian area of clypeus: smooth; carinate. Median carina of clypeus count: present. Lateral carinae of clypeus count: present. Median anatomical line of propodeal spine angle value to Weber length in lateral view: 42–48°. Spine length vs. absolute cephalic size (SPST/CS): 0.227–0.281 (mean = 0.258). Minimum spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPBA/CS): 0.257–0.291 (mean = 0.273). Maximum spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPWI/CS): 0.280–0.331 (mean = 0.306). Apical spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPTI/CS): 0.266–0.312 (mean = 0.288). Maximum mesosoma width vs. absolute cephalic size (MW/CS): 0.599–0.640 (mean = 0.615). Metanotal depression count: present. Metanotal depression shape: deep. Dorsal region of mesosoma sculpture: rugulose with areolate ground sculpture. Lateral region of pronotum sculpture: areolate ground sculpture, main sculpture forked costate. Mesopleuron sculpture: areolate ground sculpture superimposed by dispersed rugulae. Metapleuron sculpture: areolate ground sculpture superimposed by dispersed rugulae. Frontal profile of petiolar node contour line in lateral view shape: concave. Dorsal profile of petiolar node contour line angle value to frontal profile of petiole contour line in lateral view: 110–120°. Anterodorsal rim of petiole count: absent medially. Dorsal profile of petiolar node contour line in lateral view shape: slightly convex. Dorsal region of petiole sculpture: ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture dispersed rugose; ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture absent. Dorso-caudal petiolar profile contour line in lateral view shape: straight; concave. Dorsal region of postpetiole sculpture: ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture dispersed rugose; ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture absent.

Karyotype

  • n = 11 (Croatia, Italy, Switzerland) (Fischer, 1987) (as Leptothorax sordidulus).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Agosti, D. and C.A. Collingwood. 1987. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) and a key to the worker caste. I. Synonymic list. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 60: 51-62
  • Bezdecka P. 1996. The ants of Slovakia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomofauna carpathica 8: 108-114.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
  • Bracko G. 2007. Checklist of the ants of Slovenia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Natura Sloveniae 9: 15-24
  • Bracko, G. 2006. Review of the ant fauna (Hymenoptera:Formicidae) of Croatia. Acta Entomologica Slovenica 14(2): 131-156.
  • Buschinger A. 1999. Bemerkenswerte ameisenfunde aus Sudtirol (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 3: 1-8.
  • Csősz S, Heinze J, and I. Mikó. 2015. Taxonomic synopsis of the Ponto-Mediterranean ants of Temnothorax nylanderi species-group. PLoS ONE 10(11): e0140000. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140000
  • Csősz S. 2001. Taxonomical and distributional notes on two new and a rare Leptothorax Mayr, 1855 species for the Hungarian ant fauna (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 93: 99-106.
  • Csősz S., B. Markó, and L. Gallé. 2011. The myrmecofauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Hungary: an updated checklist. North-Western Journal of Zoology 7: 55-62.
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
  • Finzi, B. "Quarto contributo alla conoscenza della fauna mirmecologica della Venezia Giulia." Bollettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 60 (1928): 128-130.
  • Karaman M. G. 2011. A catalogue of the ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Montenegro. Podgorica: Catalogues 3, Volume 2, Montenegrin Academy of Sciences and Arts, 140 pp.
  • Legakis Collection Database
  • Petrov I. Z., and C. A. Collingwood. 1992. Survey of the myrmecofauna (Formicidae, Hymenoptera) of Yugoslavia. Archives of Biological Sciences (Belgrade) 44: 79-91.
  • Schlick-Steiner B. C., and F. M. Steiner. 1999. Faunistisch-ökologische Untersuchungen an den freilebenden Ameisen (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Wiens. Myrmecologische Nachrichten 3: 9-53.
  • Schulz A. 1991. Tetramorium semilaeve (Hym.: Formicidae, Myrmicinae) und Bothriomyrmex gibbus (Hym.: Formicidae, Dolichoderinae) neu für Österreich sowie über die Verbreitung von Leptothorax sordidulus (Hym.: Formicidae, Myrmicinae). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischer Entomologen 43: 120-122.
  • Seifert B. 1995. Two new Central European subspecies of Leptothorax nylanderi (Förster, 1850) and Leptothorax sordidulus Müller, 1923 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Abhandlungen und Berichte des Naturkundemuseums Görlitz 68(7): 1-18.
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  • Seifert, B. "Temnothorax saxonicus (Seifert, 1995) stat.n., comb.n.: a parapatric, closely-related species of T. sordidulus (Müller, 1923) comb.n. and description of two new closely-related species, T. schoedli sp.n. and T. artvinense sp.n., from Turkey (Hym., Form.)." Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8 (2006): 1-12.
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