Temnothorax subtilis

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Temnothorax subtilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species group: nylanderi
Species complex: angustifrons
Species: T. subtilis
Binomial name
Temnothorax subtilis
Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015

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Specimen Label

On Crete this is a mountain species with workers foraging in shady gorges or on rocks covered with moss (Salata, Borowiec & Trichas, 2018).

Identification

Csösz et al. (2015) - A member of the angustifrons species-complex. This species has the shortest propodeal spines of all species treated in this revision, and therefore can be separated from other species complexes by the non-overlapping SPST/CS ratio and its smooth and shiny head. Spine length ratio slightly overlaps with that of other species belonging to Temnothorax angustifrons complex yielding 94.5% success in distinguishing nest samples from T. angustifrons, Temnothorax lucidus, and Temnothorax similis. Simple FRS/SL ratios help separating this species from T. angustifrons.

A discriminant function with reduced character number (D4) arrives at 98.6% classification success between single individuals and complete success for nest sample means of T. subtilis and T. similis.

Though the SPST/CS ratio provides a fairly good quick key to separate nest samples of T. subtilis from those of T. lucidus, this character may broadly overlap in single individuals of these two species. In order to determine single workers with high success, a discriminant function with reduced character number (D4 = +0.0717_EL +0.0778_NOH +0.0404_SPST -0.0824_SPBA -10.321) yielding 98.6% classification success rate can be used.

Temnothorax subtilis can be easily separated from two additional species of the parvulus species-complex that occur in Crete, Temnothorax ariadnae and Temnothorax helenae, based on the shiny surface of the head dorsum. In exceptional cases or if dust cover obstructs a clear view of the surface sculpture, several ratios help to separate T. subtilis from T. ariadnae: it has a longer head (CL/CWb), larger eyes (EL/CS) and longer propodeal spines (SPST/CS), and a discriminant function with two characters (D2 = -0.0928_SPST +0.0215_ML -2.811) separates workers of T. subtilis from T. helenae if surface characteristics are not sufficient.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Presently known from South Anatolia, Turkey, and Crete.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Greece, Turkey (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • subtilis. Temnothorax subtilis Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015: 26, figs. 12A-C (w.) TURKEY.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Body color: yellow. Body color pattern: mesosoma, antenna and legs, waist and anterior region of 1st gastral tergite lighter than head dorsum and posterior region of gaster. Antenna color pattern: clava concolorous funicle. Absolute cephalic size: 499–628 μm (mean = 556, n = 55). Cephalic length vs. Maximum width of head capsule (CL/CWb): 1.135–1.238 (mean = 1.189). Postocular distance vs. cephalic length (PoOc/CL): 0.374–0.408 (mean = 0.388). Postocular sides of cranium contour frontal view orientation: converging posteriorly. Postocular sides of cranium contour frontal view shape: convex. Vertex contour line in frontal view shape: straight. Vertex sculpture: main sculpture dispersed forked costate, ground sculpture inconspicuous areolate. Genae contour from anterior view orientation: converging. Gena contour line in frontal view shape: feebly convex. Gena sculpture: rugoso-reticulate with feeble areolate ground sculpture. Median region of antennal rim vs. frontal carina in frontal view structure: not fully overlapped by frontal carina. Concentric carinae laterally surrounding antennal foramen count: present. Eye length vs. absolute cephalic size (EL/CS): 0.228–0.268 (mean = 0.249). Frontal carina distance vs. absolute cephalic size (FRS/CS): 0.335–0.375 (mean = 0.360). Longitudinal carinae on median region of frons count: present; absent. Smooth median region on frons count: present. Antennomere count: 12. Scape length vs. absolute cephalic size (SL/CS): 0.735–0.810 (mean = 0.782). Facial area of the scape absolute setal angle: 0–15°. External area of the scape absolute setal angle: 30°. Ground sculpture of submedian area of clypeus: smooth. Median carina of clypeus count: present. Lateral carinae of clypeus count: present. Median anatomical line of propodeal spine angle value to Weber length in lateral view: 47–52°. Spine length vs. absolute cephalic size (SPST/CS): 0.159–0.230 (mean = 0.192). Minimum spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPBA/CS): 0.247–0.300 (mean = 0.272). Maximum spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPWI/CS): 0.266–0.336 (mean = 0.282). Apical spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPTI/CS): 0.256–0.322 (mean = 0.282). Maximum mesosoma width vs. absolute cephalic size (MW/CS): 0.592–0.648 (mean = 0.623). Metanotal depression count: present. Metanotal depression shape: deep. Dorsal region of mesosoma sculpture: fine areolate ground sculpture, superimposed by dispersed rugae. Lateral region of pronotum sculpture: inconspicuous areolate ground sculpture, main sculpture dispersed costate. Mesopleuron sculpture: fine areolate ground sculpture, superimposed by dispersed rugulae. Metapleuron sculpture: fine areolate ground sculpture, superimposed by dispersed rugulae. Frontal profile of petiolar node contour line in lateral view shape: concave. Dorsal profile of petiolar node contour line angle value to frontal profile of petiole contour line in lateral view: 95–105°. Anterodorsal rim of petiole count: absent medially. Dorsal region of petiole sculpture: ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture dispersed rugose; ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture absent. Dorso-caudal petiolar profile contour line in lateral view shape: straight; concave. Dorsal region of postpetiole sculpture: ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture dispersed rugose; ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture absent.

Type Material

Holotype worker labelled: TUR:431 Turkey, Taurus Mt., 5 km SW. Akseki, 37,0257 N, 31,7518 E, 950 mH, 02.11.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (Hungarian Natural History Museum, CASENT0914635), [TUR:Akseki-5SW-20111102-431].

Paratypes: TUR:431 Turkey, Taurus Mt., 5 km SW. Akseki, 37,0257 N, 31,7518 E, 950 mH, 02.11.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (1# HNHM), [TUR:Akseki-5SW-20111102-431]; TUR:430 Turkey, Taurus Mt., 5 km SW. Akseki, 37,0257 N, 31,7518 E, 950mH, 02.11.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (3## HNHM), [TUR:Akseki-5SW-20111102-430]; TUR:438 Turkey, Taurus Mt., 5 km SW. Akseki, 37,0257 N, 31,7518 E, 950 mH, 02.11.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (2## HNHM), [TUR:Akseki-5SW-20111102-438]; TUR:441 Turkey, Taurus Mt., 5 km SW. Akseki, 37,0257 N, 31,7518 E, 950 mH, 02.11.2011, leg. A. Schulz, (2## HNHM), [TUR:Akseki-5SW-20111102-441]; Turkey_08 Antalya, 2 km N. Imrasan Geçidi, 12 km N. Akseki, 37,0924 N, 31,803 E, 1400mH, 03.05.1997. leg. A. Schulz, K. Vock, M. Sanetra, (8## HNHM, 2## CAS CASENT0906012), [TUR:Imrasan-Geçidi-2N-19970503-117].

Etymology

The species epithet “subtilis” (Eng.: fine, thin, slender) refers to the fine, tiny appearance of this species.

References