Temnothorax tergestinus

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Temnothorax tergestinus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Temnothorax
Species: T. tergestinus
Binomial name
Temnothorax tergestinus
(Finzi, 1928)

Temnothorax saxonicus casent0179902 p 1 high.jpg

Temnothorax saxonicus casent0179902 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Little is known about the biology of Temnothorax tergestinus.

Identification

Csösz et al. (2015) - A member of the sordidulus species-complex. This species can be separated from members of other species complexes by the ruguloreticulate main sculpture on head dorsum that turns irregular on the vertex and the sides of the head. In some Western and Central European populations, the surface sculpturing might be less conspicuous, which may lead to possible confusion with Temnothorax parvulus and Temnothorax nylanderi, particularly if the body surface is covered by diffuse dust.

Weakly sculptured, lightly colored specimens of T. tergestinus can be safely separated from T. nylanderi using PoOC/CL and non-overlapping SPWI/CS ratios. Slightly overlapping NOH/CS, SPTI/CS and SPWI/CS ratios help to distinguish T. tergestinus and T. parvulus samples. This species is not supposed to be confused with other members of other species complexes by combination of various traits.

Temnothorax tergestinus shares most of its characters with Temnothorax sordidulus and Temnothorax artvinensis. The latter is separated from T. tergestinus both by the broad gap in their distribution range and by discriminant (D4) function (for details see differential diagnosis of T. artvinensis). A discriminant function (D7) that helps separating T. tergestinus from T. sordidulus is given in differential diagnosis under the latter.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Germany (type locality), Greece, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro, Poland, Slovenia.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • tergestinus. Leptothorax sordidulus var. tergestina Finzi, 1928b: 129 (w.) ITALY.
    • Subspecies of sordidulus: Baroni Urbani, 1971c: 124; Bolton, 1995b: 245.
    • Junior synonym of sordidulus: Seifert, 2006: 8.
    • Status as species: Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015: 57 (redescription).
    • Senior synonym of saxonicus: Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015: 57.
  • saxonicus. Leptothorax sordidulus subsp. saxonicus Seifert, 1995: 14, figs. 2, 7, 12, 14 (w.q.) GERMANY.
    • Combination in Temnothorax: Seifert, 2006: 8.
    • Subspecies of sordidulus: Czechowski, et al. 2002: 52
    • Status as species: Seifert, 2006: 8; Seifert, 2007: 241; Czechowski, et al. 2012: 152.
    • Junior synonym of tergestinus: Csösz, Heinze & Mikó, 2015: 57.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Csösz et al. (2015) - Body color: brown. Body color pattern: head, mesosoma, waist and anterior region of 1st gastral tergite lighter antenna and legs except femora lighter than femora and posterior region of gaster. Antenna color pattern: clava concolorous funicle. Absolute cephalic size: 523–665 μm (mean = 592, n = 49). Cephalic length vs. Maximum width of head capsule (CL/CWb): 1.169–1.253 (mean = 1.206). Postocular distance vs. cephalic length (PoOc/CL): 0.373–0.400 (mean = 0.384). Postocular sides of cranium contour frontal view orientation: parallel; converging posteriorly. Postocular sides of cranium contour frontal view shape: broadly convex. Vertex contour line in frontal view shape: straight. Vertex sculpture: main sculpture homogenously forked costate, ground sculpture areolate. Genae contour from anterior view orientation: converging. Gena contour line in frontal view shape: feebly convex. Gena sculpture: rugoso-reticulate with areolate ground sculpture. Median region of antennal rim vs. frontal carina in frontal view structure: not fully overlapped by frontal carina. Concentric carinae laterally surrounding antennal foramen count: present. Eye length vs. absolute cephalic size (EL/CS): 0.237–0.280 (mean = 0.258). Frontal carina distance vs. absolute cephalic size (FRS/CS): 0.347–0.380 (mean = 0.361). Longitudinal carinae on median region of frons count: present. Longitudinal carinae on medial region of frons shape: forked. Smooth median region on frons count: absent. Antennomere count: 12. Scape length vs. absolute cephalic size (SL/CS): 0.781–0.824 (mean = 0.799). Facial area of the scape absolute setal angle: 0–15°. External area of the scape absolute setal angle: 30°; 35–45°. Ground sculpture of submedian area of clypeus: smooth. Median carina of clypeus count: present. Lateral carinae of clypeus count: present. Median anatomical line of propodeal spine angle value to Weber length in lateral view: 45–50°. Spine length vs. absolute cephalic size (SPST/CS): 0.220–0.335 (mean = 0.276). Minimum spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPBA/CS): 0.248–0.295 (mean = 0.273). Maximum spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPWI/CS): 0.283–0.372 (mean = 0.333). Apical spine distance vs. absolute cephalic size (SPTI/CS): 0.270–0.346 (mean = 0.312). Maximum mesosoma width vs. absolute cephalic size (MW/CS): 0.588–0.652 (mean = 0.620). Metanotal depression count: present. Metanotal depression shape: shallow. Dorsal region of mesosoma sculpture: areolate ground sculpture, superimposed by dispersed rugae. Lateral region of pronotum sculpture: areolate ground sculpture, main sculpture dispersed costate. Mesopleuron sculpture: areolate ground sculpture superimposed by dispersed rugulae. Metapleuron sculpture: areolate ground sculpture superimposed by dispersed rugulae. Frontal profile of petiolar node contour line in lateral view shape: concave. Dorsal profile of petiolar node contour line angle value to frontal profile of petiole contour line in lateral view: 110–120°. Anterodorsal rim of petiole count: absent medially. Dorsal profile of petiolar node contour line in lateral view shape: slightly convex. Dorsal region of petiole sculpture: ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture dispersed rugose; ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture absent. Dorso-caudal petiolar profile contour line in lateral view shape: straight; concave. Dorsal region of postpetiole sculpture: ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture dispersed rugose; ground sculpture areolate, main sculpture absent.

Type Material

Csösz et al. (2015) - Syntype workers “S.Croze” Ven. Giulia [Trieste] B. Finzi „6.27”, FinziColl. purch 1950, M.C.Z. “co”type “28840”, “Syntypus Leptothorax sordidulus var tergestinus Finzi”, [on the reverse side: “SP Cover 98”], Museum of Comparative Zoology Museum of Comparative Zoology (4## MCZ), [ITA:Ven-Giuliatergestinus- TYPE].

References