Terataner piceus

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Terataner piceus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Terataner
Species: T. piceus
Binomial name
Terataner piceus
Menozzi, 1942

Terataner piceus casent0102228 profile 1.jpg

Terataner piceus casent0102228 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Identification

The four known species of the luteus-complex are confined to the forests of West and Central Africa. The complex is diagnosed by the short straight frontal carinae which fade out on the head behind the level of the eyes, fine sculpture, and sparse pilosity on the body; the tibiae lack standing hairs. Of the species thus defined two, Terataner elegans and Terataner luteus, have a broad flattened postpetiole, the posterior dorsal margin of which is broad and very broadly, evenly rounded. The other two species, Terataner piceus and Terataner velatus, have the posterior arch of the postpetiole narrow and narrowly rounded in dorsal view. T. piceus is separated from velatus by its lack of rugular sculpture on the promesonotum and lack of hairs on the first gastral tergite. (Bolton 1981)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Cameroun, Equatorial Guinea (type locality), Ghana, Nigeria.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • piceus. Terataner piceus Menozzi, 1942: 173 (w.) EQUATORIAL GUINEA. [Also listed as new in Eidmann, 1944: 469.] See also: Bolton, 1981b: 293.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Bolton (1981) - TL 4.6-5.5, HL 1.12-1.28, HW 1.06-1.20, CI 94-98, SL 0.64-0.70, SI 59-62, PW 0.75-0.84, AL 1.38-1.54 (9 measured).

Mandibles smooth with scattered large pits, those nearest the apical (masticatory) margin frequently elongate. Frontal carinae straight, close together and approximately parallel, fading out between the level of the posterior margins of the eyes and the occiput. Maximum diameter of eyes 0.26-0.30, about 0.25-0.27 x HW. Pronotum marginate laterally and more weakly so anteriorly, the pronotal angles bluntly denticulate and prominent. Sides of pronotum somewhat convergent posteriorly. Mesonotum marginate laterally, the propodeal dorsum separated from the sides by a blunt angle, not nearly so sharply marginate as the pronotum. Promesonotal suture absent from dorsum except laterally where it forms a break between the pronotal and mesonotal marginations. With the alitrunk in profile the metanotal area shallowly impressed. Propodeum unarmed or at most with a pair of minute low blunt tubercles where the sloping dorsum meets the declivity proper. Metapleural lobes large and rounded. Petiole node in profile appearing as a broad-based short triangular tooth, tapering to a point apically and slightly curved backwards. In anterior view the dorsum of the petiole quite broadly and deeply impressed, the portion on each side of the impression projecting as a blunted tooth which is directed slightly outwards. Postpetiole in dorsal view with the arch of the poster odor sal surface narrow and narrowly rounded. Dorsum and sides of head above eyes covered with fine reticulate-punctulate ground-sculpture which is usually weaker between the frontal carinae than elsewhere. Superimposed on this are a few weak fine longitudinal rugulae between the frontal carinae and some stronger rugulae on the sides of the head above the eye. In this latter position cross-meshes are frequently developed between the longitudinal components, more strongly so in front of the level of the eye than behind it. Dorsal alitrunk finely and densely reticulate-punctulate, without trace of rugular sculpture on the promesonotum. Pedicel segments and gaster similarly but more lightly sculptured. Basigastral costulae very reduced, short and inconspicuous, restricted to the small area immediately behind the postpetiolar-gastral junction. Hairs on dorsal surfaces of body very sparse, present on mouthparts and gastral apex but otherwise the fullest complement seeming to be 3-4 pairs on head along the lines of the frontal carinae, 1 pair each on mesonotum and propodeum (but none on pronotum in any specimens seen), 1-2 pairs on petiole behind node, 2-3 pairs on postpetiole, none on first gastral tergite. Outer surfaces of middle and hind tibiae and antennal scapes without standing hairs. Colour uniform mid-brown to blackish brown.

Type Material

Bolton (1981) - Holotype worker, Equatorial Guinea: Rio Benito, 1939--40 (H. Eidmann) (holotype not found in IE, Bologna; presumed lost).

References

  • Bolton, B. 1981. A revision of six minor genera of Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology. 43:245-307. PDF (page 293, see also)
  • Menozzi, C. 1942a. Formiche dell'isola Fernando Poo e del territorio del Rio Muni (Guinea Spagnola). 24. Beitrag zu den wissenschaftlichen Ergebnissen der Forschungsreise H. Eidmann nach Spanisch-Guinea 1939 bis 1940. Zool. Anz. 140: 164-182 (page 173, worker described)

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Belshaw R., and B. Bolton. 1994. A survey of the leaf litter ant fauna in Ghana, West Africa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 3: 5-16.
  • Belshaw R., and B. Bolton. 1994. A survey of the leaf litter ant fauna in Ghana, West Africa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 3: 5-16.
  • Bolton B. 1981. A revision of six minor genera of Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 43: 245-307.
  • Menozzi C. 1942. Formiche dell'isola Fernando Poo e del territorio del Rio Muni (Guinea Spagnola). 24. Beitrag zu den wissenschaftlichen Ergebnissen der Forschungsreise H. Eidmann nach Spanisch-Guinea 1939 bis 1940. Zoologischer Anzeiger 140: 164-182.