Tetramorium exasperatum

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Tetramorium exasperatum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species: T. exasperatum
Binomial name
Tetramorium exasperatum
Emery, 1891

Tetramorium exasperatum casent0904829 p 1 high.jpg

Tetramorium exasperatum casent0904829 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


In both localities ants were found under big stone inside the bright cork oak forest (Borowiec & Salata, 2014). Cagniant (1997) noted that in Morocco this species was collected in clearings and borders of forests, pastures and steppe. Guillem & Bensusan (2009) recorded it in woodland close to well known “The Mount” gardens and in rocky, high maquis.



Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Gibraltar (type locality), Morocco (type locality), Spain, Tunisia (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • exasperatum. Tetramorium caespitum r. exasperatum Emery, 1891b: 3 (w.q.) TUNISIA. Cagniant, 1997: 92 (m.). Raised to species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 133. Senior synonym of zahrae: Cagniant, 1997: 92; of acutiseta, parvioculum: Borowiec & Salata, 2014: 521. See also: Emery, 1909d: 705.
  • acutiseta. Tetramorium exasperatum var. acutiseta Santschi, 1921d: 72 (w.q.) MOROCCO. [Also described as new by Santschi, 1923f: 334.] Junior synonym of exasperatum: Borowiec & Salata, 2014: 521.
  • parvioculum. Tetramorium parvioculum Guillem & Bensusan, 2009: 158, figs. 1, 2 (w.q.) GIBRALTAR. Junior synonym of exasperatum: Borowiec & Salata, 2014: 521.
  • zahrae. Tetramorium zahrae Santschi, 1923a: 135 (q.) MOROCCO. Junior synonym of exasperatum: Cagniant, 1997: 92.



  • Borowiec, L. & Salata, S. 2014. Tetramorium exasperatum Emery, 1891 in Iberian Peninsula (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(3):519-525.
  • Cagniant, H. 1997. Le genre Tetramorium au Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): clé et catalogue des espèces. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (N.S.) 33: 89-100 (page 92, male described)
  • Cagniant, H. 1997. Le genre Tetramorium au Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): clé et catalogue des espèces. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (N.S.) 33: 89-100 (page 92, Senior synonym of zahrae)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 133, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1891c. Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. Zoologie. - Hyménoptères. Révision critique des fourmis de la Tunisie. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale, iii + 21 pp. (page 3, worker, queen described)
  • Emery, C. 1909f. Beiträge zur Monographie der Formiciden des paläarktischen Faunengebietes. (Hym.) Teil IX. Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1909: 695-712 (page 705, see also)
  • Guillem, R., Bensusan, K., Reyes-López, J., Dolores Martínez, M., Carpintero, S. & Sánchez, I. 2011. Tetramorium parvioculum Guillem & Benusan, 2009 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae): a new species to the ant fauna of Spain and North Africa. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 48:327-328.