(Wheeler, W.M., 1915)
This ant nests in soil with small mounds surrounding the nest entrance. Thorn scrub desert at lower elevations is the preferred habitat although occasionally nests are found as high as 1000 meters.
Keys including this Species
Southern Arizona through New Mexico and into western Texas. Northern Mexico.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
Number of workers in a nest can exceed several hundred or more. Typically nesting in lower elevation thorn scrub, they are occasionally found at elevations up to 1,400 meters in oak woodland.
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- hispidum. Xiphomyrmex spinosus subsp. hispidus Wheeler, W.M. 1915b: 415 (w.) U.S.A. Combination in Tetramorium: Bolton, 1979: 161. Raised to species: Bolton, 1979: 161.
- Bolton, B. 1979. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Malagasy region and in the New World. Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 38:129-181. PDF (page 161, Combination in Tetramorium, and raised to species.)
- MacKay, W.P. & MacKay, E.E. 2002. The Ants of New Mexico: 400 pp. Edwin Mellen Press, Lewiston, N.Y. PDF
- Wheeler, W. M. 1915b. Some additions to the North American ant-fauna. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 34: 389-421 PDF (page 415, worker described)