Tetramorium krishnani

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Tetramorium krishnani
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species group: tonganum
Species: T. krishnani
Binomial name
Tetramorium krishnani
Agavekar, Hita Garcia & Economo, 2017

T.krishnani NCBS-AV940 HOLOTYPE P.jpg

T.krishnani NCBS-AV940 HOLOTYPE D.jpg

Tetramorium krishnani is recorded so far only from its type locality on Havelock Island, in the Andaman Islands archipelago but it is likely to be present on other islands of the archipelago. We recorded the species in 8 out of 35 total leaf-litter transects sampled on the island, suggesting that it was not rare. It appears to be restricted to the relatively undisturbed inland wet evergreen forests and only once was it found in the relatively drier coastal forests. Other aspects of its biology such as diet, colony structure, and behavior remain to be recorded.

Identification

A member of the Tetramorium tonganum-species group.

Agavekar et al. (2017) - The following character combination distinguishes Tetramorium krishnani from the other species of the Tetramorium tonganum species group: propodeum fully unarmed without teeth or spines; petiole with very long and curved peduncle and low and elongated node.

Tetramorium krishnani is easily distinguishable from the other species due to its very slender gestalt in addition to the very long peduncle, the complete lack of propodeal armament, and the relatively low and long node in lateral view. The type series is relatively small, thus does not allow any assessment of intraspecific variation.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: India (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • krishnani. Tetramorium krishnani Agavekar, Hita Garcia & Economo, 2017: 37, figs. 22A, 23, 24 (w.) INDIA.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

(N = 6): HL 0.58–0.64 (0.61); HW 0.51–0.57 (0.54); SL 0.40–0.46 (0.43); EL 0.12–0.14 (0.14); PH 0.28–0.33 (0.28); PW 0.37–0.42 (0.40); WL 0.67–0.78 (0.74); PSL 0.02 (0.02); PTL 0.22–0.26 (0.22); PTH 0.19–0.22 (0.20); PTW 0.18–0.20 (0.19); PPL 0.22–0.25 (0.25); PPH 0.17–0.19 (0.17); PPW 0.18–0.20 (0.20); CI 86–88 (88); SI 79–81 (80); OI 25–26 (26); DMI 52–56 (54); LMI 38–45 (38); PSLI 3.1–3.4 (3.2); PeNI 46–51 (47); LPeI 112–119 (112); DPeI 76–85 (84); PpNI 47–54 (49); LPpI 118–143 (143); DPpI 78–89 (78); PPI 100–104 (103).

Worker description: Head longer than wide (CI 86–88); posterior head margin very weakly concave. Anterior clypeal margin complete and convex. Frontal carinae well-developed, approaching corners of posterior head margin; antennal scrobes absent. Antennal scapes long, reaching posterior head margin (SI 79–81). Eyes large (OI 25–26). Mesosomal outline in profile moderately convex, very weakly marginate from lateral to dorsal mesosoma; promesonotal suture and metanotal groove absent; mesosoma comparatively stout and high (LMI 38–45). Propodeum unarmed. Propodeal lobes well-developed, triangular, with sharp tips. Petiolar node in profile view oval-shaped with rounded posterodorsal margin and almost flat anterodorsum margin, slightly longer than high (LPeI 112–119), anterodorsal margin situated slightly lower than posterodorsal margin, dorsum moderately convex; node in dorsal view 1.2–1.3 times longer than wide (DPeI 76–85), in dorsal view pronotum approximately 2–2.1 times wider than petiolar node (PeNI 46–51). Postpetiole in profile moderately convex, approximately 1.2–1.3 times longer than high (LPpI 118–143); in dorsal view around 1.2 times longer than wide (DPpI 78–89), pronotum around 2.0–2.1 times wider than postpetiole (PpNI 47–54). Postpetiole in dorsal view about as wide as petiolar node (PPI 100–104). Mandibles strongly striate; clypeus longitudinally rugose/rugulose, with 4–5 rugae/rugulae with well-developed median ruga; cephalic dorsum between frontal carinae reticulate–rugose to longitudinally rugose, posteriorly more reticulate–rugose and anteriorly more longitudinally rugose; lateral and ventral head mostly reticulate–rugose. Mesosoma dorsally and laterally reticulate–rugose to longitudinally rugose, dorsally more longitudinally rugose. Forecoxae with very weakly developed longitudinal rugae/rugulae. Petiole and postpetiole with very few (2–3), weakly developed longitudinal ruga/rugulae; their dorsa smooth and shining. First gastral tergite unsculptured, smooth, and shiny. Whole body sparsely covered with short to long fine standing hairs. Anterior edges of antennal scapes with decumbent to suberect hairs. Mesosoma, head, petiole, postpetiole, and gaster orangish brown; mandibles and legs lighter in color.

Type Material

Holotype, pinned worker, INDIA, Andaman Islands archipelago, Havelock Island, 12.003499 N, 92.993196 E, 93 m, tropical (semi) evergreen forest, sifted leaf-litter, 20.XI.2015 (NCBS: NCBS-AV940).

Paratypes, eight pinned workers: INDIA, Andaman Islands archipelago, Havelock Island: 12.0027333 N, 92.9396667 E, 32 m, tropical (semi) evergreen forest, sifted leaf-litter, 10.XI.2015 (NCBS: NCBS-AV755, NCBS-AV941, NCBS-AV942). 12.0038 N, 93.0041833 E, 42 m, leaf-litter, 23.XI.2015 (NCBS: NCBS-AV756, NCBS-AV757). 12.000607 N, 92.946047 E, 62 m, tropical (semi) evergreen forest, sifted leaf-litter, 19.XI.2015 (NCBS: NCBS-AV843). 11.961389 N, 92.991111 E, 38 m, tropical (semi) evergreen forest, sifted leaf-litter, 5.I.2016 (ZSI: ZSI-WGRC-IR-INV-9780, ZSI-WGRC-IR-INV-9781).

Cybertype, volumetric raw data (in DICOM format), 3D PDF, and 3D rotation video of the physical holotype (NCBS: NCBS-AV940) in addition to montage photos illustrating head in full-face view, profile and dorsal views of the body of both specimens. The data is deposited in Figshare and can be freely accessed as virtual representations of the types. In addition to the cybertype data at Figshare, we also provide a freely accessible 3D surface model of the holotype at Sketchfab.

Etymology

The name of the new species is a patronym in honor of late Dr. K. S. Krishnan (Prof. Emeritus, NCBS) in appreciation of his scientific achievements, and his unbounded enthusiasm for - and support of - curiosity-driven ecological and wildlife research.

References