Tetramorium mackae

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tetramorium mackae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species: T. mackae
Binomial name
Tetramorium mackae
Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2012

Tetramorium mackae casent0189093 p 1 high.jpg

Tetramorium mackae casent0189093 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

All four of the known collecting localities are comparatively close to each other geographically, and represent lowland rainforests lying at altitudes between 450 m to 960 m. On the basis of the available collection label data, T. macki appears to live in leaf litter. (Hita Garcia and Fisher 2012)

Identification

A member of the Tetramorium dysalum-species group

Hita Garcia and Fisher (2012) - Tetramorium macki can be recognised easily within the T. steinheili group due to the following character combination: short antennal scapes (SI 70 - 74); comparatively short propodeal spines (PSLI 21 - 24); weakly cuneiform petiolar node shape with the anterodorsal angle situated higher than the posterodorsal, so that the dorsum tapers backwards posteriorly; mesosomal dorsum with longitudinally rugose sculpture; completely unsculptured waist segments; yellowish colouration.

T. macki has a general gestalt that is comparatively close to the one seen in some members of the T. ranarum group (Tetramorium degener and few morphologically similar undescribed species), and without close examination they could be confused with each other. All are relatively small, yellowish species with a petiolar node which is higher and wider than it is long, and comparatively small propodeal spines. Yet these T. ranarum group members either have propodeal lobes of approximately the same length and shape as the propodeal spines or a petiolar node with distinct sculpture, whereas T. macki possesses propodeal spines of short to moderate length that are much longer than the propodeal lobes, and a completely unsculptured petiolar node. These ants also differ in gastral pilosity. In T. macki the gastral pilosity is mainly suberect to erect with few subdecumbent to decumbent hairs while the gastral pilosity of T. degener and allies is mainly appressed to subdecumbent with few erect hairs. This character, in combination with the unsculptured, higher and wider petiolar node, justifies the placement of T. macki within the T. dysalum group. Nevertheless, these ants represent a good example of seemingly convergent evolution. Despite belonging to different groups, T. macki and T. degener and allies all are comparatively small species with reduced characters in comparison to their respective group members, and their general habitus might be misleading at first glance. Another difference is their preferred habitat, because T. macki, like most other T. dysalum members, is only found in humid rainforests, whereas T. degener and allies prefer much more arid habitats, such as spiny forests or thickets, woodlands, tropical dry forests, or anthropogenically modified habitats.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known from Andriantantely, Betampona, Didy, and Sandranantitra.


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -17.91801° to -18.695°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

pChart

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

pChart

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • mackae. Tetramorium macki Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2012: 68, figs. 76, 101-103 (w.) MADAGASCAR (genitive ending modified as species is named for a woman, Dawn Mack).

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

HL 0.49 - 0.58 (0.53); HW 0.45 - 0.54 (0.48); SL 0.32 - 0.39 (0.35); EL 0.09 - 0.12 (0.10); PH 0.25 - 0.30 (0.27); PW 0.34 - 0.43 (0.38); WL 0.57 - 0.71 (0.62); PSL 0.11 - 0.14 (0.12); PTL 0.11 - 0.13 (0.12); PTH 0.20 - 0.23 (0.21); PTW 0.16 - 0.19 (0.17); PPL 0.14 - 0.16 (0.15); PPH 0.19 - 0.21 (0.20); PPW 0.21 - 0.24 (0.22); CI 90 - 94 (92); SI 70 - 74 (72); OI 20 - 23 (21); DMI 58 - 63 (61); LMI 42 - 45 (43); PSLI 21 - 24 (23); PeNI 43 - 49 (46); LPeI 51 - 59 (55); DPeI 142 - 156 (150); PpNI 52 - 62 (58); LPpI 71 - 76 (73); DPpI 147 - 157 (151); PPI 122 - 132 (127) (13 measured).

Head distinctly longer than wide (CI 90 - 94). Anterior clypeal margin medially impressed. Frontal carinae moderately developed and fine, ending between posterior eye margin and posterior head margin. Antennal scrobes faint. Antennal scapes short, ending between posterior eye margin and posterior head margin (SI 70 - 74). Eyes small to moderate (OI 20 - 23). Mesosomal outline in profile weakly convex, moderately marginate from lateral to dorsal mesosoma, promesonotal suture and metanotal groove absent; mesosoma in profile comparatively stout and compact (LMI 42 - 45). Propodeal spines short to moderate, elongate-triangular and acute (PSLI 21 - 24). Propodeal lobes short and triangular. Petiolar node in profile high nodiform to cuneiform, approximately 1.7 to 2 times higher than long (LPeI 51 - 59), anterior and posterior faces not parallel, anterodorsal margin situated much higher than posterodorsal margin, dorsum distinctly tapering backwards posteriorly; node in dorsal view approximately 1.5 times wider than long (DPeI 142 - 156). Postpetiole in profile rounded, approximately 1.3 to 1.4 times higher than long (LPpI 71 - 76), in dorsal view approximately 1.5 times wider than long (DPpI 147 - 157). Postpetiole in profile approximately as voluminous as petiolar node, in dorsal view approximately 1.2 to 1.3 times wider than petiolar node (PPI 122 - 132). Mandibles finely striate but generally fairly shiny; clypeus with three to five longitudinal rugae or rugulae; cephalic dorsum between frontal carinae with six to eight longitudinal rugae, rugae running almost unbroken to posterior head margin, cross-meshes rare; lateral head weakly sculptured, anteriorly with irregular longitudinal rugulae mostly. Ground sculpture generally faint. Lateropronotum with weak sculpture only, remainder of lateral mesosoma with mainly longitudinally arranged, irregular rugae or rugulae. Both waist segments and gaster unsculptured, smooth and shining. All dorsal surfaces of body with long, fine, erect to suberect pilosity. Head, mesosoma, waist segments, and gaster of yellowish to light brownish colour; appendages of weakly lighter colour.

Type Material

Holotype worker, MADAGASCAR, Toamasina, F.C. Sandranantitra, 18.04833 S, 49.09167 E, 450 m, rainforest, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), collection code HJR102, 21.-24.I.1999 (H.J. Ratsirarson) (California Academy of Sciences: CASENT0189093). Paratypes, seven workers from Toamasina, F.C. Andriantantely, 18.695 S, 48.81333 E, 530 m, rainforest, sifted litter, collection code HJR121, 4.-7.XII.1998 (H.J. Ratsirarson) (CASC: CASENT0217710, CASENT0217711, CASENT0218032, CASENT0247151).

Etymology

The new species is named in honor of Dawn M. Mack for her support to discover and identify life on earth.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Garcia H. F. and B. L. Fisher. 2012. The ant genus Tetramorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Malagasy region—taxonomy of the T. bessonii, T. bonibony, T. dysalum, T. marginatum, T. tsingy, and T. weitzeckeri species groups. Zootaxa 3365: 1-123