Tetramorium rhodium

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Tetramorium rhodium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species: T. rhodium
Binomial name
Tetramorium rhodium
Emery, 1924

Tetramorium rhodium casent0904812 p 1 high.jpg

Tetramorium rhodium casent0904812 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Tetramorium rhodium.

Identification

Csösz, Radchenko and Schulz (2007) - Workers of T. rhodium differ from related species by the lack of psammophore, relatively small eyes, very short and very feebly costulate scape, cubic petiolar node and moderately wide frons. Workers of T. rhodium mostly resemble those of, Tetramorium syriacum, Tetramorium sanetrai and Tetramorium chefketi. Workers of T. rhodium well differ from those of T. syriacum by their narrower frons, FR/CS, from those of T. chefketi by their shorter scape SL/CS. Tetramorium rhodium and T. sanetrai are very similar in both, general appearance and metric characters. For separation between T. rhodium and T. sanetrai see differential diagnosis of T. sanetrai.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 41.0075° to 35.95°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Cyprus, Greece (type locality), Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Known only from the worker caste.

Csosz et al. 2007. FIGURES 50–53. Tetramorium rhodium EMERY, 1922. Worker: alitrunk petiole and postpetiole, Fig. 50. dorsal view, Fig. 51. lateral view, Fig. 52. Head, Fig. 53. scape, dorsal view.

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rhodium. Tetramorium caespitum var. rhodia Emery, 1924d: 277 (w.) GREECE. [First available use of Tetramorium caespitum subsp. caespitum var. rhodia Emery, 1915h: 3; unavailable name.] Subspecies of caespitum: Emery, 1925c: 179. Raised to species: Csösz, Radchenko & Schulz, 2007: 27.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Csösz, Radchenko and Schulz (2007) - Figs 50–53. Medium to large size, CS 832 [720, 895]. Whole body and appendages black. Head square, CL/CW 0.99 [0.98, 1.02], with somewhat convex sides, slightly concave occipital margin and rounded occipital corners. Eyes small, EYE 0.173 [0.163, 0.184]. Frons moderately wide, FR/CS 0.38 [0.36, 0.40], frontal lobe as wide as frons, FL/FR 1.0 [1.00, 1.02]. Scape short, SL/CS 0.73 [0.71, 0.75], with short dorsal carina basally, well visible parallel costulae extending scape. Promesonotal dorsum convex, metanotal groove shallow, but distinct. Propodeal teeth moderately long. Petiolar node cubic in profile, NOH/NOL 0.84 [0.76, 0.97], petiole relatively low, PEH/NOL 1.50 [1.38, 1.73]. General appearance coarsely rugose, ground surface coarsely microreticulate, dull. Head dorsum and occiput longitudinally rugose and coarsely microreticulate, its sides rugoso-reticulate and microreticulate. Alitrunk dorsum rugoso-reticulate and coarsely microreticulate, mesopleuron coarsely microreticulate. Dorsum of petiolar node rugoso-reticulate and microreticulate, dorsum of postpetiole longitudinally rugulose and microreticulate. Polygonal striation continuous on 1st gastral tergite, posteriorly disrupted. Basal part of first gastral tergite microreticulate (see fig. 7.), MRG 319.7 ±126.5 [50, 500]. Ventral surface of head with several short and moderately long, straight, or few C-shape setae arising posteriorly to buccal cavity (see fig. 5.).

Type Material

Csösz, Radchenko and Schulz (2007) - Syntype workers, “Rodes” [GREECE], “Kattabea”, “Tetr. caesp.”, “var. rhodia Emery” (2 worker; Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève, 2 worker; Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Genoa)

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Borowiec L., and S. Salata. 2012. Ants of Greece - Checklist, comments and new faunistic data (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus 23(4): 461-563.
  • Bracko G., K. Kiran, C. Karaman, S. Salata, and L. Borowiec. 2016. Survey of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Greek Thrace. Biodiversity Data Journal 4: e7945. doi: 10.3897/BDJ.4.e7945
  • Csősz S., A. Radchenko, and A. Schulz. 2007. Taxonomic revision of the Palaearctic Tetramorium chefketi species complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 1405: 1-38.
  • Czechowski W., A. Radchenko, W. Czechowska and K. Vepsäläinen. 2012. The ants of Poland with reference to the myrmecofauna of Europe. Fauna Poloniae 4. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 1-496 pp
  • Hamann H. H. F., and W. Klemm. 1976. Ergebnisse der von Dr. O. Paget und Dr. E. Kritscher auf Rhodos durchgeführten zoologischen Exkursionen. XVI. Formicidae. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 80: 669-679.
  • Salata S., and L Borowiec. 2017. Species of Tetramorium semilaeve complex from Balkans and western Turkey, with description of two new species of (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Annales Zoologici (Warsaw) 62:279–313.
  • Salata S., and L. Borowiec. 2018. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on Greek ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 27: 1-51.
  • Salata S., and L. Borowiec. 2019. Comments to distribution of several Greek Tetramorium Mayr, 1855 species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Upper Silesian Museum in Bytom Entomology 28(2): 1-9.
  • Salata S., and L. Borowiec. 2019. Preliminary division of not socially parasitic Greek Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) with a description of three new species. ZooKeys 877: 81-131.