Tetramorium rufescens

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Tetramorium rufescens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species group: solidum
Species: T. rufescens
Binomial name
Tetramorium rufescens
Stitz, 1923

Tetramorium rufescens casent0217976 p 1 high.jpg

Tetramorium rufescens casent0217976 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Nothing is known about the biology of Tetramorium rufescens.


Mbanyana et al. (2018) - The description of this species matches that of Bolton (1980), except for colour. We observed some variation in the specimens examined, ranging from red to light brown, in those collected at certain localities in South Africa (Klein Pella) and Namibia (Kamanjab, Luderitz District, Daberas, Hobatere, Epupa Falls).

The following character combination distinguishes T. rufescens from Tetramorium glabratum and Tetramorium signatum: dorsum of mesosoma with dense reticulate punctate sculpture and propodeal spines long and narrow (PSLI 16–23).

Keys including this Species


Tetramorium rufescens has been recorded from South Africa (Western Cape, Northern Cape, Gauteng, Eastern Cape and KwaZulu Natal); and Namibia.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Namibia (type locality), South Africa.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Known from Drakensberg Montane Grasslands, Kalahari Xeric Savanna, Nama Karoo, the Namib Desert, Namibian Savanna Woodlands and Succulent Karoo.




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • rufescens. Tetramorium solidum st. rufescens Stitz, 1923: 163 (w.) NAMIBIA. Raised to species: Bolton, 1980: 249.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



Mbanyana et al. (2018) - (N = 13) HL 0.983–1.200 (1.065); HW 0.954–1.151 (1.021); SL 0.708–0.856 (0.772); EL 0.266–0.325 (0.291); PH 0.393–0.570 (0.460); PW 0.610–0.777 (0.678); WL 1.003–1.141 (1.101); PSL 0.167–0.236 (0.206); PTH 0.315–0.403 (0.348); PTL 0.275–0.325 (0.305); PTW 0.295–0.425 (0.343); PPH 0.315–0.418 (0.362); PPL 0.226–0.291 (0.259); PPW 0.369–0.521 (0.433); OI 27–30 (29); CI 91–100 (96); SI 73–81 (76); DMI 57–69 (62); LMI 36–50 (42); PSLI 16–23 (19); PeNI 46–61 (50); LPeI 78–100 (88) DPeI 97–127 (112); PpNI 59–75 (64); LPpI 59–77 (72); DPpI 154–188 (167); PPI 121–133 (127).

Type Material

Mbanyana et al. (2018) - Syntypes. Namibia: 3 pinned workers, Swakopmund, 12–19 Apr. 1911, W. Michaelsen leg. (Berlin Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt-Universität: FOCOL2082 to FOCOL2084).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bolton B. 1980. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Ethiopian zoogeographical region. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 40: 193-384.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Koch F., and K. Vohland. 2004. Ants along a southern African transect - a basis for biodiversity change monitoring (Insecta, Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Zoosystematics and Evolution 80(2): 261-273.
  • Marsh A. C. 1985. Forager abundance and dietary relationships in a Namib Desert ant community. S. Afr. J. Zool. 20: 197-203.
  • Marsh A. C. 1986. Ant species richness along a climatic gradient in the Namib Desert. Journal of Arid Environments 11: 235-241.
  • Marsh A. C. 1986. Checklist, biological notes and distribution of ants in the central Namib Desert. Madoqua 14: 333-344.
  • Mbanyana N. 2013. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of seed-harvesting ants in the Tetramorium solidum-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Masters of Science in the Department of Botany and Zoology at Stellenbosch University 115 pages.
  • Mbanyana N., F. Hita Garcia, H. G. Robertson, and J. J. Le Roux. 2018. A taxonomic revision of seed harvester ants of the Tetramorium solidum group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in southern Africa. European Journal of Taxonomy 454: 1-59.
  • Robertson H. G. 2000. Formicidae (Hymenoptera: Vespoidea). Cimbebasia Memoir 9: 371-382.