Tetramorium scabrosum

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Tetramorium scabrosum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Tetramorium
Species: T. scabrosum
Binomial name
Tetramorium scabrosum
(Smith, F., 1859)

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Tetramorium scabrosum casent0280893 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Nothing is known about the biology of Tetramorium scabrosum.

Identification

A member of the Tetramorium scabrosum-species group.

Bolton (1977) - Like Tetramorium pulchellum this small species has rather coarse cephalic sculpture, but differs from it as the pronotal corners are angular in scabrosum, rounded in pulchellum.

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Indo-Australian Region: Indonesia (type locality), New Guinea.


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • scabrosum. Myrmica scabrosa Smith, F. 1859a: 147 (w.) INDONESIA (Aru I.). Combination in Tetramorium: Donisthorpe, 1932c: 455. Senior synonym of papuanum: Bolton, 1977: 119.
  • papuanum. Tetramorium papuanum Emery, 1887b: 452 (w.) NEW GUINEA. Junior synonym of scabrosum: Bolton, 1977: 119.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Worker

Bolton (1977) - TL 2.7-2.8, HL 0.62-0.64, HW 0.56-0.58, CI 90, SL 0.44-0.46, SI 78-79, PW 0.44-0.46, AL 0.68-0.72 (3 measured).

Mandibles striate, anterior clypeal margin entire. Frontal carinae reaching back well beyond the level of the eyes but not much more strongly developed than the other cephalic sculpture. Antennal scrobes weakly developed, broad and shallow but quite easily discernible. Maximum diameter of eye c. 0.16, about 0.27-0.28 x HW. With the alitrunk in dorsal view the pronotal corners angular, giving a square-shouldered appearance. Propodeal spines quite short, stout and acute, slightly longer than the broadly triangular metapleural lobes. Node of petiole in profile with the dorsal length less than the height of the tergal portion; in dorsal view the node broader than long. Dorsum of head distinctly reticulate-rugulose from the level of the anterior margins of the eyes to the occiput, ground sculpture between the rugulae very inconspicuous. Dorsal alitrunk similarly sculptured but the petiole dorsum with only weak, very scattered rugulae and the postpetiole virtually without sculpture dorsally. Gaster unsculptured. All dorsal surfaces of head and body with numerous fine, erect or suberect hairs which are also present on the leading edges of the scapes and the outer surfaces of the hind tibiae. Colour uniform dark brown or dark reddish brown, the gaster blackish brown. Appendages lighter, yellowish brown.

Type Material

Bolton (1977) - Lectotype worker, Aru Is (A. R. Wallace) (Oxford University Museum of Natural History), here designated [examined].

The following notes on F. Smith type specimens have been provided by Barry Bolton (details):

Myrmica scabrosa

One worker syntype in Oxford University Museum of Natural History. Without a locality label but with “scabrosa” in Smith’s handwriting, and with a Donisthorpe type-label. Donisthorpe (1932c) noted that two specimens were present in Oxford University Museum of Natural History at that time. A very dirty specimen (now cleaned and remounted), identical to the Oxford University Museum of Natural History syntype, was found in The Natural History Museum. I suspect that this specimen is the second syntype.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bolton B. 1977. The ant tribe Tetramoriini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The genus Tetramorium Mayr in the Oriental and Indo-Australian regions, and in Australia. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History). Entomology 36:67-151.
  • Chapman, J. W., and Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monogr. Inst. Sci. Technol. Manila 1: 1-327
  • Emery C. 1887. Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine). [concl.]. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 25(5): 427-473.
  • Emery, C. "Catalogo delle formiche esistenti nelle collezioni del Museo Civico di Genova. Parte terza. Formiche della regione Indo-Malese e dell'Australia (continuazione e fine)." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Giacomo Doria (Genova) (2) 5, no. 25 (1887): 427-473.
  • Janda M., G. D. Alpert, M. L. Borowiec, E. P. Economo, P. Klimes, E. Sarnat, and S. O. Shattuck. 2011. Cheklist of ants described and recorded from New Guinea and associated islands. Available on http://www.newguineants.org/. Accessed on 24th Feb. 2011.
  • Viehmeyer H. 1912. Ameisen aus Deutsch Neuguinea gesammelt von Dr. O. Schlaginhaufen. Nebst einem Verzeichnisse der papuanischen Arten. Abhandlungen und Berichte des Königlichen Zoologischen und Anthropologische-Ethnographischen Museums zu Dresden 14: 1-26.