Thaumatomyrmex contumax

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Thaumatomyrmex contumax
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Thaumatomyrmex
Species: T. contumax
Binomial name
Thaumatomyrmex contumax
Kempf, 1975
At a Glance • Gamergate  

 

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -8.667° to -19.805°.

 
North
Temperate
North
Subtropical
Tropical South
Subtropical
South
Temperate

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Thaumatomyrmex contumax removal of setae from polyxenid millipede
polyxenid millipede before and after treatment by Thaumatomyrmex contumax

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • contumax. Thaumatomyrmex contumax Kempf, 1975b: 108, figs. 13, 22, 33 (w.) BRAZIL (Pernambuco).
    • Type-material: holotype worker.
    • Type-locality: Brazil: Pernambuco, Araripina, 4.i.1973 (R. Montenegro).
    • Type-depository: MZSP.
    • Status as species: Brandão, 1991: 381; Brandão, Diniz & Tomotake, 1991: 336; Bolton, 1995b: 420; Jahyny, et al. 2008: 332; Feitosa, 2015c: 99.
    • Distribution: Brazil.

Type Material

BRAZIL, Pernambuco State: Araripina, January 4, 1973, Raúl Montenegro leg. (n. 407) 1 female (holotype; WWK 8443).

Description

Worker

(holotype). TL 4.1 mm; HL 0.81 mm; HW 0.95 mm; CI 116; ML 1.04 mm; MI 127; IfW 0.68 mm; IfI 72; SL 0.72 mm; SI 89; WL 1.24 mm; PnW 0.60 mm; HfL 0.91 mm; HfI 96; PW 0.72 mm. Extremely close to Thaumatomyrmex mutilatus from which it differs in the following significant characters: head (Fig. 13) absolutely and relatively (as compared with head length) broader, cephalic index 116 (95-105 in mutilatus). Mandibles (Fig. 33) absolutely and relatively (as compared with head length) longer, mandibular index 127 (86-102 in mutilatus), the apical spine proportionately and absolutely longer, the tip projecting beyond the maximum width of head across eyes (included) when mandibles are closed, and the proximal spines distinctly cross each other on clypeus. Hind femur distinctly shorter than head width (HfI 96). Mid-coxae (fore and hind coxae black), all trochanters and basal third of femora ferruginous, apical two thirds of femora brownish black; tibiae pale testaceous; antennae dark brown.

The thorax and the petiole, which do not present any noticeable difference from those of mutilatus, are shown in Fig. 22.

Kempf 1975 Thaumatomyrmex.jpg Kempf 1975Thaumatomyrmex 3.jpg Kempf 1975 Thaumatomyrmex 4.jpg

Karyotype

  • n = 30, 2n = 60, karyotype = 22M + 38A (Brazil) (Mariano et al., 2015).

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Santos P. P., A. Vasconcelos, B. Jahyny, and J. H. C. Delabie. 2010. Ant fauna (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) associated to arboreal nests of Nasutitermes spp. (Isoptera, Termitidae) in a cacao plantation in southeastern Bahia, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 54(3): 450–-454.
  • Scott-Santos, C.P., F.A. Esteves, C.R.F. Brandao. 2008. Catalogue of "Poneromorph" ant type specimens (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) deposited in the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia 48(11):75-88.
  • Siqueira de Castro F., A. B. Gontijo, W. Duarte da Rocha, and S. Pontes Ribeiro. 2011. As comunidades de formigas de serapilheira nas florestas semidecíduas do Parque Estadual do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais. MG.BIOTA, Belo Horizonte 3(5): 5-24.
  • Ulyssea M. A., and C. R. F. Brandao. 2013. Ant species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the seasonally dry tropical forest of northeastern Brazil: a compilation from field surveys in Bahia and literature records. Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 57(2): 217–224.