Veromessor smithi

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Veromessor smithi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Veromessor
Species: V. smithi
Binomial name
Veromessor smithi
Cole, 1963



Specimen Label

Nests in sandy exposed areas with mixed vegetation. Nest surmounted by 1 or 2 circular craters about 13 cm in diameter. Galleries penetrated the loose upper layer of sand to chamber up to 60 cm deep in firmer sand. Stored seeds in some chambers. Population of 1 nest: 275 workers, 1 queen, 27 winged females, and 97 males. The workers are crepuscular, timid, and sluggish (Cole 1963, 1966).


Identification Keys including this Taxon

Key to Veromessor species


Arizona, California and Nevada.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 40.31667° to 34.96777778°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Nearctic Region: United States (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb


Nevada, Wheeler and Wheeler (1986) - We have 22 records from 17 widely scattered localities (4,100-6,200 ft.) but none in the northeastern quarter nor along the western border. Three were in the Pinyon-Juniper Biome and 12 in the Cool Desert (3 in Sarcobatus Subclimax, 3 in Atriplex Subclimax, 1 on a revegetating playa, 1 from a disturbed habitat). Six nests were under half-buried stones; 9 were surmounted by craters 5-10 cm in diameter.



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • smithi. Veromessor smithi Cole, 1963: 678, figs. 1-4 (w.q.m.) U.S.A. Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1972b: 240 (l.). Combination in Messor: Bolton, 1982: 341; in Veromessor: Ward et al., 2014: 13.



  • Plowes, N. J. R.; Johnson, R. A.; Hölldobler, B. 2013. Foraging behavior in the ant genus Messor (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Myrmecological News 18:33-49. [2013-03-22] PDF 142390

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Cole A. C., Jr. 1963. A new species of Veromessor from the Nevada Test Site and notes on related species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 56: 678-682.
  • Johnson R. Personnal Database. Accessed on February 5th 2014 at
  • La Rivers I. 1968. A first listing of the ants of Nevada. Biological Society of Nevada, Occasional Papers 17: 1-12.
  • Wheeler G. C., and J. Wheeler. 1986. The ants of Nevada. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, vii + 138 pp.