Zasphinctus wilsoni

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Zasphinctus wilsoni
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dorylinae
Genus: Zasphinctus
Species: Z. wilsoni
Binomial name
Zasphinctus wilsoni
Hita Garcia, 2017

MCZ ENT Sphinctomyrmex MOZ hal.jpg

MCZ ENT Sphinctomyrmex MOZ had.jpg

Specimen Labels

Zasphinctus wilsoni is only known from its type locality, the Gorongosa National Park where it was collected in the leaf litter of a secondary dry forest.

Identification

Hita Garcia et al. (2017) - Zasphinctus wilsoni is morphologically closer to Zasphinctus obamai than to Zasphinctus sarowiwai, with these two ants being the other two Afrotropical species of the genus. It shares the smaller body size, the lack of median clypeal tooth, and a clearly defined vertexal margin with Z. obamai , separating both from Z. sarowiwai . However, the conspicuous surface sculpture on the cephalic dorsum and the sides of mesosoma and petiole clearly distinguishes Z. wilsoni from the other two species. Since Z. wilsoni is only known from the holotype there is no available information about intraspecific variation.

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known only from the type locality in Mozambique. Considering how generally undersampled south-eastern Africa is, it is likely that Z. wilsoni might be encountered in other woodland localities in Mozambique, Tanzania, or Zimbabwe.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Mozambique (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • wilsoni. Zasphintus wilsoni Hita Garcia, in Hita Garcia et al., 2017: 62, figs 3, 4C, F, I, L, O, R, 5C, F, I, L, O, R, 6C, F, I, L, O, R, 11, 12, 13C, Video 3 (w.) MOZAMBIQUE.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Descriptive details are found in table 3 and 4, Hita Garcia et al., 2017.

Type Material

Type material. Holotype, pinned worker, Mozambique, Sofala, Gorongosa National Park, 2 km S Chitengo, -18.99472, 34.35769, 1 m, secondary forest, leaf litter, collection code ANTC37418, 30.V.2012 (G.D. Alpert) (Museum of Comparative Zoology: MCZ-ENT-00512764).

Cybertype, the cybertype dataset consists of the volumetric raw data in DICOM format, as well as 3D PDFs and 3D rotation videos of scans of the head, mesosoma, metasoma, and the full body of the physical holotype (MCZC: MCZ-ENT-00512764) in addition to montage photos illustrating head in full-face view, profile and dorsal views of the body. The data is deposited at Dryad and can be freely accessed as virtual representation of the holotype (Hita Garcia et al. 2017c, http://dx.doi.org/10.5061/ dryad.4s3v1). In addition to the cybertype data at Dryad, we also provide a freely accessible 3D surface model of the holotype at Sketchfab (https://sketchfab.com/models/36bab7ecaa8d45b18013ea679b7ca54a).

Etymology

This new species is dedicated to the renowned scientist, author, and conservationist Edward O. Wilson from Harvard University in honour of his more than six decades of accomplishments to the fields of myrmecology, sociobiology, biodiversity, and conservation.

References

  • Hita Garcia F, Fischer G, Liu C, Audisio TL, Economo EP (2017) Next-generation morphological character discovery and evaluation: an X-ray micro-CT enhanced revision of the ant genus Zasphinctus Wheeler (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dorylinae) in the Afrotropics. ZooKeys 693: 33–93. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.693.13012