Bothriomyrmex communista

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Bothriomyrmex communista
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Dolichoderinae
Genus: Bothriomyrmex
Species: B. communista
Binomial name
Bothriomyrmex communista
Santschi, 1919

Bothriomyrmex communista casent0281572 p 1 high.jpg

Bothriomyrmex communista casent0281572 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies
Synonyms

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Albania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Georgia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Slovenia, Ukraine (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

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Biology

Castes

Worker

Queen

Male

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • communista. Bothriomyrmex meridionalis var. communista Santschi, 1919i: 206, pl. 2, fig. 2 (w.) UKRAINE. Emery, 1925e: 11 (m.); Karavaiev, 1927d: 341 (q.). Raised to species: Emery, 1925e: 10. Senior synonym of adriaca, mohelensis: Seifert, 2012b: 98. See also: Dlussky, 1962: 180; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 195. Current subspecies: nominal plus anatolicus.
  • adriaca. Bothriomyrmex meridionalis var. adriaca Santschi, 1922a: 66 (w., not q., see Emery, 1925e; 15) ITALY. Emery, 1925e: 16 (q.m.). Raised to species: Emery, 1925e: 15. Senior synonym of ionius: Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 57. Junior synonym of communista: Seifert, 2012b: 98.
  • ionius. Bothriomyrmex adriacus subsp. ionius Emery, 1925e: 16 (w.) GREECE. Junior synonym of adriaca: Agosti & Collingwood, 1987a: 57.
  • mohelensis. Bothriomyrmex corsicus subsp. mohelensis Novak, in Novak & Sadil, 1941: 97 (w.q.m.) CZECHOSLOVAKIA. [Also described as new by Novak, in Kratochvíl, Novak & Snoflak, 1944: 106.] Junior synonym of communista: Seifert, 2012b: 98.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Description

Type Material

Type locality(-ies): “Russie (Crimée) (Karawajew leg.) w”.

Original Karawajew label(-s) : “Bothriomyrmex / meridionalis Rog. / v. communista Sant. / Typus: Santschi / Магарачъ [= Magarach], 26.III.1903. / Рязанцевъ [= Ryazantsev]. № 1600.”.

Material: PARALECTOTYPES, 5 w (newly mounted, IN 314/6/1), 46 w, 5 larvae (in alcohol, IN 314/BAMS1/Karaw36).

Notes. Santschi (1919) described Bothriomyrmex meridionalis var. communista from workers collected in Crimea by Karawajew, but he did not provide precise locality information or Karawajew's sample number. Later Dubovikoff designated one specimen with the label “Crimée Karawajew” preserved in the collection of the Natural History Museum Basel (Switzerland) as the lectotype, and the second specimen with the same label as the paralectotype (these data were published first by Seifert in 2012).

In the collection of NMNH NASU we found 51 workers with the original Karawajew label “Bothriomyrmex / meridionalis Rog. / v. communista Sant. / Typus: Santschi / Магарачъ, 26.III.1903. / Рязанцевъ. № 1600” [=Magarach, Ryazantsev]. There are also 3 workers in the Karawajew collection in SIZSK with Karawajew labels “Magaratsh, Tauria, Rjasanzev, 26.III.1903”, “Bothriomyrmex meridionalis Rog. v. communista Santschi, typus”; the latter workers where designated by Kostyuk (1976) as “Syntypus”. We propose to consider all the material from Magarach as paralectotypes of B. communista.

Etymology

The species name communista is a noun in apposition and invariant in form (the spelling "communistus" is incorrect). If the author intended the epithet to be an adjective, the form would have be something like "communisticus".

Determination Clarifications

Dubovikov (2002) - The record of Bothriomyrmex communista from Armenia (Arakelyan, 1994) should be referred to Bothriomyrmex urartus.

References