Camponotini

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Camponotini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Forel, 1878
Type genus
Camponotus
Diversity
8 genera
2,473 species
2 fossil genera
35 fossil species

Identification

All members of this tribe have a unique, vertically inherited bacterial symbiont, Blochmannia, whose evolutionary history mirrors that of the ants (Wernegreen et al. 2009). Morphologically the workers of Camponotini can be recognized by the combination of distinctive mandibular dentition (5–8 teeth, with the third tooth from apex not reduced in size), antennal insertions well separated from the posterior clypeal margin, and twelve antennal segments (Bolton 1994, 2003) (Ward et al., 2016).

List of Genera

Extant Genera

CalomyrmexCamponotusColobopsisDinomyrmexEchinoplaOpisthopsisOverbeckiaPolyrhachis

Fossil Genera

ChimaeromyrmaPseudocamponotus

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • CAMPONOTINI [tribe of Formicinae]
    • Camponotidae Forel, 1878: 364. Type-genus: Camponotus Mayr, 1861: 35.

Taxonomic History

  • Camponotini as subfamily of Formicidae: Forel, 1878: 364 [Camponotidae]; Forel, 1879a: 56 [Camponotidae]; Emery, 1887a: 210 [Camponotidae]; Nasonov, 1889: 9 [Camponotidae]; Forel, 1891b: 13 [Camponotidae]; Forel, 1892j: 219 [Camponotidae]; Forel, 1893a: 165 [Camponotinae]; Dalla Torre, 1893: 171 [Camponotinae]; Emery, 1895j: 771 [subfamily spelled Camponotini]; Emery, 1896d: 187 [Camponotinae]; Forel, 1899c: 123 [Camponotinae]; Bingham, 1903: 308 [Camponotinae]; Forel, 1903c: 250 [Camponotinae]; Ashmead, 1905b: 384 [Camponotinae]; Ruzsky, 1905b: 109 [Camponotinae]; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 143 [Camponotinae]; Forel, 1912i: 87 [Camponotinae]; Forel, 1915d: 45 [Camponotinae]; Donisthorpe, 1915d: 184 [Camponotinae]; Escherich, 1917: 2 [Camponotini]; Forel, 1917: 248 [Camponotinae]; Arnold, 1920a: 551 [Camponotinae]; Soudek, 1922: 61 [Camponotinae].
  • Camponotini as tribe of Formicidae: André, 1882a: 126 [Camponotidae].
  • Camponotini as family: Emery, 1894g: 372 [Camponotidae].
  • Camponotini as tribe of Camponotidae: Forel, 1886f: 141 [Camponotii]; Forel, 1891b: 13 [Camponotii].
  • Camponotini as tribe of Camponotinae: Forel, 1893a: 165 [Camponotii]; Forel, 1895b: 101 [Camponoti]; Emery, 1895j: 772 [Camponotii]; Forel, 1899c: 130 [Camponotii]; Ruzsky, 1902d: 4 [subfamily spelled Camponotini]; Ruzsky, 1905b: 110 [Camponotii]; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 144 [Camponotii].
  • Camponotini as tribe of Camponotinae: Ashmead, 1905b: 384; Wheeler, 1915g: 813 [Camponotides]; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 135; Forel, 1915d: 45; Forel, 1917: 250; Arnold, 1922: 610; Soudek, 1922: 61.
  • Camponotini as tribe of Formicinae: Bondroit, 1918: 65; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 693; Emery, 1925b: 53; subsequent authors; Bolton, 2003: 26, 111; Ward, et al. 2016: 344.
  • Camponotini as senior synonym of Polyrhachidini: Bolton, 1994: 50.
  • Camponotini as senior synonym of *Paleosminthuridae: Snelling, R.R. (pers. comm., unpublished).

Taxonomic References

Forel, 1878: 364, 367 (diagnosis, genus groups); Forel, 1893a: 165 (diagnosis, synoptic classification); Forel, 1912i: 87 (classification); Forel, 1917: 250 (synoptic classification); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 700 (genera, key); Emery, 1925b: 53 (diagnosis, genera key); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1970: 652 (larva diagnosis); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1976b: 65 (larvae, review and synthesis); Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 77 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 18 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1994: 50 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1039 (census); Bolton, 2003: 26, 111 (diagnosis, synopsis); Ward, et al. 2016: 345 (synopsis).

References