Camponotus sylvaticus

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Camponotus sylvaticus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Formicinae
Tribe: Camponotini
Genus: Camponotus
Species: C. sylvaticus
Binomial name
Camponotus sylvaticus
(Olivier, 1792)

Camponotus sylvaticus casent0906060 p 1 high.jpg

Camponotus sylvaticus casent0906060 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels


This ant has been observed tending larvae of [1] (Obregon et al. 2015).


Keys including this Species


Marko et al. (2009) - This species is distributed mainly in southern Europe. According to Radchenko (2007) it can be found in Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Bulgaria and Greece. There are two very old records of this species from Romania: CS: Mehadia (Mocsáry 1897) (southern Romania); SM: Pir (Mocsáry 1897) (north-west Romania). The collection of the Hungarian Natural History Museum, which holds at least part of Mocsáry’s voucher specimens, contains one lightly coloured C. fallax gyne and two C. fallax males labelled as “Peér, 30.04.82”, which were identified by L. Biró as “Camponotus sylvaticus Oliv.”. Peér is the current Pir in Romania, while the date refers to 1882. These are most probably the specimens that Mocsáry refers to in his work, although this cannot be taken for certain. Other voucher material could not be found. C. sylvaticus reproductives could be easily misidentified based on their morphological characters and the lack of appropriate keys. In addition, considering the fact that the species does not occur in the surrounding countries, with the exception of Bulgaria (Radchenko 2007, V. Antonova pers. comm.), C. sylvaticus can be considered to be a species of uncertain Romanian occurrence, although its presence cannot be ruled out.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Bulgaria, Canary Islands, France (type locality), Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Iberian Peninsula, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, Turkey.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb



This species is a host for the  (Espadaler & Santamaria, 2012).



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • sylvaticus. Formica sylvatica Olivier, 1792: 491 (q.) FRANCE. Forel, 1874: 38 (s.w.m.); Emery, 1916b: 229 (s.w., in key). Combination in Camponotus: Roger, 1862c: 291; in C. (Myrmoturba): Menozzi, 1922b: 330; in C. (Tanaemyrmex): Emery, 1925b: 100. Subspecies of rubripes: Forel, 1886f: 143; of maculatus: Forel, 1890c: 219; Ruzsky, 1902d: 7; Emery, 1916b: 150. Revived status as species: Bondroit, 1918: 75; Emery, 1920c: 6; Menozzi, 1922b: 330; Santschi, 1931a: 11; Santschi, 1936c: 207; Menozzi, 1939a: 315. Senior synonym of castanipes: Roger, 1863b: 1. Current subspecies: nominal plus basalis, paradichrous.
  • castanipes. Formica castanipes Leach, 1825: 290 (w.q.m.) FRANCE. Junior synonym of sylvaticus: Roger, 1863b: 1.



  • n = 20, 2n = 40 (Greece; Spain) (Hauschteck-Jungen & Jungen, 1983).


  • Bernard, F. 1967a [1968]. Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. (page 337, Senior synonym of lichtensteini)
  • Bondroit, J. 1918. Les fourmis de France et de Belgique. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 87: 1-174 (page 75, Revived status as species)
  • Borowiec, L. & Salata, S. 2013. Ants of Greece – additions and corrections (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 24, 335-401.
  • Emery, C. 1916a [1915]. Fauna entomologica italiana. I. Hymenoptera.-Formicidae. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 47: 79-275 (page 229, soldier, worker described (in key); page 150, Race of maculatus)
  • Emery, C. 1920d. Studi sui Camponotus. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 52: 3-48 (page 6, Revived status as species)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 100, Combination in C. (Tanaemyrmex))
  • Espadaler, X., Santamaria, S. 2012. Ecto- and Endoparasitic Fungi on Ants from the Holarctic Region. Psyche Article ID 168478, 10 pages (doi:10.1155/2012/168478).
  • Forel, A. 1874. Les fourmis de la Suisse. Systématique, notices anatomiques et physiologiques, architecture, distribution géographique, nouvelles expériences et observations de moeurs. Neue Denkschr. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Gesammten Naturwiss. 26: 1-452 (page 38, soldier, worker, male described)
  • Forel, A. 1886h. Études myrmécologiques en 1886. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 30: 131-215 (page 143, Race of rubripes)
  • Forel, A. 1890e. Une nouvelle fourmi. Naturaliste 12: 217-218 (page 219?, Race of maculatus)
  • Marko, B., Ionescu-Hirsch, A., Szasz-Len, A. 2009. Genus Camponotus Mayr, 1861 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Romania: distribution and identification key to the worker caste. Entomologica romanica 14: 29-41.
  • Menozzi, C. 1922c. Contribution à la faune myrmécologique de l'Espagne. Bol. R. Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 22: 324-332 (page 330, Combination in C. (Myrmoturba), Revived status as species)
  • Menozzi, C. 1939a. Formiche dell'Himalaya e del Karakorum raccolte dalla Spedizione italiana comandata da S. A. R. il Duca di Spoleto (1929). Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano 78: 285-345 (page 315, Revived status as species)
  • Obregon, R., M. R. Shaw, J. Fernandez-Haeger, and D. Jordano. 2015. Parasitoid and ant interactions of some Iberian butterflies (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Shilap-Revista De Lepidopterologia. 43:439-454.
  • Olivier, A. G. 1792. Encyclopédie méthodique. Histoire naturelle. Insectes. Tome 6. (pt. 2). Paris: Panckoucke, pp. 369-704. (page 491, queen described)
  • Roger, J. 1862c. Synonymische Bemerkungen. 1. Ueber Formiciden. Berl. Entomol. Z. 6: 283-297 (page 291, Combination in Camponotus)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 1, Senior synonym of castanipes)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1902d. Material on the ant fauna of the Caucasus and the Crimea. Protok. Obshch. Estestvoispyt. Imp. Kazan. Univ. 206(su suppl: 1-33 (page 7, Race of maculatus)
  • Santschi, F. 1931a. Inventa entomologica itineris Hispanici et Maroccani, quod a. 1926 fecerunt Harald et Håkan Lindberg. Fourmis du Bassin Méditerranéen occidental et du Maroc récoltées par MM. Lindberg. Comment. Biol. 3(1 14: 1-13 (page 11, Revived status as species)
  • Santschi, F. 1936c. Liste et descriptions de fourmis du Maroc. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 16: 198-210 (page 207, Revived status as species)