Collection records show this species inhabits a range of moist forest habitats and, with most collections having come from litter sampling, is apparently a soil or litter dwelling ant.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
Weber (1942) - The thorax of this ant is like that of many Euponera species yet it has but one well-developed tibial spur on the middle and hind legs.
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- ambigua. Ponera ambigua Weber, 1942a: 46, fig. 6 (w.) SUDAN. Combination in Pachycondyla: Brown, in Bolton, 1995b: 302; in Fisheropone: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 89. Senior synonym of gulera Özdikmen, 2010c: 992; redundant replacement name.
Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.
Length extended about 2.5 mm. (of thorax 0.75 mm.). Head in front view, excluding mandibles, 1.1 times longer than broad and rectangular with rounded corners, occipital margin impressed, sides subparallel, feebly convex, anterior clypeal margin feebly convex; frontal lobes short, convex, carinae vestigial, frontal groove deep and distinct to middle of head from which it continues faintly to occiput; eyes vestigial, in front of middle of head; mandibles elongate, trigonal, with 8 denticles of irregular development of which two are distinct, and a long, acute apical tooth; antennal scape extends approximately to a level with the occipital corners; terminal funicular joint compressed and apically blunt, 0.08 x 0.24 mm., joints 8-10 squarish. Thorax with epinotum lowered and laterally compressed as in Euponera; from above the pro- and mesonotum appear ovate in outline, the pronotum being broader than long and with all sides strongly convex except for concave surface joining mesonotum; mesoepinotal impression distinct on sides. Petiolar node from above with convex anterior surface and plane posteriorly. 1st gastric segment from above broader than long, narrowed anteriorly, 2d segment larger. Legs of moderate proportions.
Shining, finely punctate. and sparse, upright, longer brownish yellow.
Holotype: One worker (No. 1452) taken by myself in the Lotti Forest on the west slopes of the Imatong Mts., A.-E. Sudan August 5.
- Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, S.O. 2014. The higher classification of the ant subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a review of ponerine ecology and behavior. Zootaxa 3817, 1–242 (doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3817.1.1).
- Weber, N. A. 1942b. New doryline, cerapachyine and ponerine ants from the Imatong Mountains, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 44: 40-49.
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Bernard F. 1953. La réserve naturelle intégrale du Mt Nimba. XI. Hyménoptères Formicidae. Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 19: 165-270.
- Schmidt C. A., and S. O. Shattuck. 2014. The Higher Classification of the Ant Subfamily Ponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with a Review of Ponerine Ecology and Behavior. Zootaxa 3817(1): 1-242.
- Weber N. A. 1942. New doryline, cerapachyine and ponerine ants from the Imatong Mountains, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 44: 40-49.
- Weber N. A. 1943. The ants of the Imatong Mountains, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 93: 263-389.
- Yeo K., T. Delsinne, S. Komate, L. L. Alonso, D. Aidara, and C. Peeters. 2016. Diversity and distribution of ant assemblages above and below ground in a West African forest–savannah mosaic (Lamto, Cote d’Ivoire). Insectes Sociaux DOI 10.1007/s00040-016-0527-6