Messor barbarus

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Messor barbarus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Pheidolini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. barbarus
Binomial name
Messor barbarus
(Linnaeus, 1767)

Messor barbarus casent0102531 profile 1.jpg

Specimen labels




This taxon was described from Morocco. Specimens have also been found in Algeria, Tunisia, Bulgaria, Spain, Portugal, Greece, Balearic Islands and France.

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Check specimen data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • barbarus. Formica barbara Linnaeus, 1767: 962 (w.) MOROCCO. Mayr, 1861: 67 (q.m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953b: 65 (l.). Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29; in A. (Messor): Forel, 1890a: lxviii; in Messor: Forel, 1894d: 8; in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1898c: 125; in Messor: Ruzsky, 1903b: 315; Bingham, 1903: 278. Senior synonym of binodis, juvenalis: Smith, F. 1858b: 162; of megacephala: Mayr, 1863: 395; of rufitarsis Foerster: Roger, 1863b: 29; of ambiguus, nigriceps: Collingwood, 1978: 68; of sordida: Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998: 424. Current subspecies: nominal plus gallaoides, mediosanguineus, politus, sahlbergi, santschii, varrialei.
  • binodis. Formica binodis Fabricius, 1775: 393 (w.) EGYPT. [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Formica binodis Linnaeus, 1763: 413 (now in Tetramorium).] Junior synonym of barbarus: Smith, F. 1858b: 162.
  • juvenilis. Formica juvenilis Fabricius, 1804: 405 (w.) FRANCE. Junior synonym of barbarus: Smith, F. 1858b: 162.
  • megacephala. Formica megacephala Leach, 1825: 292 (w.q.m.) FRANCE. [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Formica megacephala Fabicius, 1793: 361 (now in Pheidole).] Junior synonym of barbarus: Mayr, 1863: 395.
  • rufitarsis. Myrmica rufitarsis Foerster, 1850b: 485 (w.) ALGERIA. [Unresolved junior primary homonym of rufitarsis Fabricius, above.] Junior synonym of barbarus: Roger, 1863b: 29.
  • sordida. Aphaenogaster (Messor) barbara r. sordida Forel, 1892g: 452 (w.) SPAIN. Santschi, 1917e: 89 (s.). Combination in Messor: Emery, 1897f: 239. Subspecies of barbarus: Santschi, 1925g: 342 (in key); Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 104. Raised to species: Bondroit, 1918: 152; Cagniant, 1964: 88; Bernard, 1967: 145. Junior synonym of barbarus: Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998: 424.
  • ambiguus. Messor barbarus var. ambiguus Santschi, 1925g: 342 (w.) TUNISIA. Junior synonym of barbarus: Collingwood, 1978: 68.
  • nigriceps. Messor barbarus var. nigriceps Santschi, 1925g: 341 (w.q.) SPAIN. Junior synonym of barbarus: Collingwood, 1978: 68.



The following references are based on the 2007 CD version of the Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 2 78, Combination in Messor)
  • Cagniant, H.; Espadaler, X. 1998 [1997]. Le genre Messor au Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (n.s.) 33: 419-434 (page 424, Senior synonym of sordida)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 52: 65-95 (page 68, Senior synonym of ambiguus and nigriceps)
  • Emery, C. 1898c. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der palaearktischen Ameisen. Öfvers. Fin. Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 20: 124-151 (page 125, Combination in Stenamma (Messor))
  • Forel, A. 1890b. Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 34:lxi-lxxvi. (page lxviii, Combination in A. (Messor))
  • Forel, A. 1894d. Les Formicides de la Province d'Oran (Algérie). Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 30: 1-45 (page 8, Combination in Messor)
  • Linnaeus, C. 1767. Systema naturae, per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum caracteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Pars 2. Editio duodecima, reformata. Holmiae [= Stockholm]: L. Salvii, pp. 533-1327. (page 962, worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. (page 67, queen, male described)
  • Mayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 385-460 (page 395, Senior synonym of megacephala)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 29, Combination in Aphaenogaster)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 29, Senior synonym of rufitarsis Foerster)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1903b. Essay on the myrmecofauna of the Kirghiz steppe. Tr. Rus. Entomol. Obshch. 36: 294-316 (page 315, Combination in Messor)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 162, Senior synonym of binodis and juvenalis)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1953b. The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Pheidolini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 55: 49-84 (page 65, larva described)

Additional References

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