Messor barbarus

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Messor barbarus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Stenammini
Genus: Messor
Species: M. barbarus
Binomial name
Messor barbarus
(Linnaeus, 1767)




Keys including this Species


Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Palaearctic Region: Algeria, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, Egypt, France, Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula, Monaco, Morocco (type locality), Portugal, Romania, Spain, Tunisia.

Check distribution from AntMaps.

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Check specimen data from AntWeb




The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • barbarus. Formica barbara Linnaeus, 1767: 962 (w.) MOROCCO. Mayr, 1861: 67 (q.m.); Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J. 1953b: 65 (l.). Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b: 29; in A. (Messor): Forel, 1890a: lxviii; in Messor: Forel, 1894d: 8; in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1898c: 125; in Messor: Ruzsky, 1903b: 315; Bingham, 1903: 278. Senior synonym of binodis, juvenalis: Smith, F. 1858b: 162; of megacephala: Mayr, 1863: 395; of rufitarsis Foerster: Roger, 1863b: 29; of ambiguus, nigriceps: Collingwood, 1978: 68; of sordida: Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998: 424. Current subspecies: nominal plus gallaoides, mediosanguineus, politus, sahlbergi, santschii, varrialei.
  • binodis. Formica binodis Fabricius, 1775: 393 (w.) EGYPT. [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Formica binodis Linnaeus, 1763: 413 (now in Tetramorium).] Junior synonym of barbarus: Smith, F. 1858b: 162.
  • juvenilis. Formica juvenilis Fabricius, 1804: 405 (w.) FRANCE. Junior synonym of barbarus: Smith, F. 1858b: 162.
  • megacephala. Formica megacephala Leach, 1825: 292 (w.q.m.) FRANCE. [Unresolved junior primary homonym of Formica megacephala Fabicius, 1793: 361 (now in Pheidole).] Junior synonym of barbarus: Mayr, 1863: 395.
  • rufitarsis. Myrmica rufitarsis Foerster, 1850b: 485 (w.) ALGERIA. [Unresolved junior primary homonym of rufitarsis Fabricius, above.] Junior synonym of barbarus: Roger, 1863b: 29.
  • sordida. Aphaenogaster (Messor) barbara r. sordida Forel, 1892g: 452 (w.) SPAIN. Santschi, 1917e: 89 (s.). Combination in Messor: Emery, 1897f: 239. Subspecies of barbarus: Santschi, 1925g: 342 (in key); Wheeler, W.M. 1927g: 104. Raised to species: Bondroit, 1918: 152; Cagniant, 1964: 88; Bernard, 1967: 145. Junior synonym of barbarus: Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998: 424.
  • ambiguus. Messor barbarus var. ambiguus Santschi, 1925g: 342 (w.) TUNISIA. Junior synonym of barbarus: Collingwood, 1978: 68.
  • nigriceps. Messor barbarus var. nigriceps Santschi, 1925g: 341 (w.q.) SPAIN. Junior synonym of barbarus: Collingwood, 1978: 68.



  • Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. (page 2 78, Combination in Messor)
  • Cagniant, H.; Espadaler, X. 1998 [1997]. Le genre Messor au Maroc (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. (n.s.) 33: 419-434 (page 424, Senior synonym of sordida)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1978. A provisional list of Iberian Formicidae with a key to the worker caste (Hym. Aculeata). EOS. Rev. Esp. Entomol. 52: 65-95 (page 68, Senior synonym of ambiguus and nigriceps)
  • Emery, C. 1898c. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der palaearktischen Ameisen. Öfvers. Fin. Vetensk.-Soc. Förh. 20: 124-151 (page 125, Combination in Stenamma (Messor))
  • Forel, A. 1890b. Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Belg. 34:lxi-lxxvi. (page lxviii, Combination in A. (Messor))
  • Forel, A. 1894d. Les Formicides de la Province d'Oran (Algérie). Bull. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 30: 1-45 (page 8, Combination in Messor)
  • Linnaeus, C. 1767. Systema naturae, per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum caracteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Pars 2. Editio duodecima, reformata. Holmiae [= Stockholm]: L. Salvii, pp. 533-1327. (page 962, worker described)
  • Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. (page 67, queen, male described)
  • Mayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verh. K-K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 13: 385-460 (page 395, Senior synonym of megacephala)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 29, Combination in Aphaenogaster)
  • Roger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7(B Beilage: 1-65 (page 29, Senior synonym of rufitarsis Foerster)
  • Ruzsky, M. 1903b. Essay on the myrmecofauna of the Kirghiz steppe. Tr. Rus. Entomol. Obshch. 36: 294-316 (page 315, Combination in Messor)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 162, Senior synonym of binodis and juvenalis)
  • Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1953b. The ant larvae of the myrmicine tribe Pheidolini (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 55: 49-84 (page 65, larva described)