Difference between revisions of "Myrmecia mandibularis"

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{{Italic title}}
 
{{Italic title}}
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{{Taxobox
 
{{Taxobox
 
|name = ''Myrmecia mandibularis''
 
|name = ''Myrmecia mandibularis''
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|image = Myrmecia_mandibularis__casent0902808_h_1_high.jpg
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|image_width = {{width}}
 
|regnum = [[Animal]]ia
 
|regnum = [[Animal]]ia
 
|phylum = [[Arthropod]]a
 
|phylum = [[Arthropod]]a
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|binomial = ''Myrmecia mandibularis''
 
|binomial = ''Myrmecia mandibularis''
 
|binomial_authority = Smith, F., 1858
 
|binomial_authority = Smith, F., 1858
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----
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[[File:Myrmecia_mandibularis__casent0902808_p_1_high.jpg|{{width}}]]
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[[File:Myrmecia_mandibularis__casent0902808_d_1_high.jpg|{{width}}]]
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[[:File:Myrmecia_mandibularis__casent0902808_l_1_high.jpg|Specimen Labels]]
 
|synonyms =
 
|synonyms =
 
*''[[Myrmecia fulvipes coelatinoda]]'' Wheeler, W.M., 1933
 
*''[[Myrmecia fulvipes coelatinoda]]'' Wheeler, W.M., 1933
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*''[[Myrmecia mandibularis postpetiolaris]]'' Wheeler, W.M., 1933
 
*''[[Myrmecia mandibularis postpetiolaris]]'' Wheeler, W.M., 1933
 
*''[[Promyrmecia laevinodis]]'' Clark, 1943
 
*''[[Promyrmecia laevinodis]]'' Clark, 1943
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}}
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''Myrmecia mandibularis'', the only species in the [[:CATEGORY:SWBP|SWBP]] of the species-group that bears its name, is a common and very conspicuous member of the Darling Range ant fauna, but can be found from south-western WA to Victoria. (Heterick 2009)
  
}}
 
 
==Identification==
 
==Identification==
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{{Species identification keys}}
  
 
==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
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<!--END OF DISTRIBUTION LIST-->
 
<!--END OF DISTRIBUTION LIST-->
  
{{Google Maps||-28|134|4}}
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{{AntMapsMap}}
 
 
 
==Biology==
 
==Biology==
  
 
==Castes==
 
==Castes==
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===Worker===
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<gallery perrow=4 caption='The following images are provided by AntWeb'>
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File:Myrmecia_mandibularis__casent0907099_h_1_high.jpg
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File:Myrmecia_mandibularis__casent0907099_p_1_high.jpg
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File:Myrmecia_mandibularis__casent0907099_d_1_high.jpg
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File:Myrmecia_mandibularis__casent0907099_l_1_high.jpg
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</gallery>
  
 
==Nomenclature==
 
==Nomenclature==
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}}
 
}}
 
*{{TypeSpecimen
 
*{{TypeSpecimen
|publishedname=''Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) fulvipes caelatinoda'' Wheeler, 1933
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|publishedname=''Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) fulvipes caelatinoda''
 
|status=holotype
 
|status=holotype
 
|statuspublication=
 
|statuspublication=
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}}
 
}}
 
*{{TypeSpecimen
 
*{{TypeSpecimen
|publishedname=''Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) mandibularis postpetiolaris'' Wheeler, 1933
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|publishedname=''Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) mandibularis postpetiolaris''
 
|status=syntype
 
|status=syntype
 
|statuspublication=
 
|statuspublication=
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}}
 
}}
 
*{{TypeSpecimen
 
*{{TypeSpecimen
|publishedname=''Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) mandibularis postpetiolaris'' Wheeler, 1933
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|publishedname=''Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) mandibularis postpetiolaris''
 
|status=syntype
 
|status=syntype
 
|statuspublication=
 
|statuspublication=
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}}
 
}}
 
*{{TypeSpecimen
 
*{{TypeSpecimen
|publishedname=''Promyrmecia laevinodis'' Clark, 1943
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|publishedname=''Promyrmecia laevinodis''
 
|status=syntype
 
|status=syntype
 
|statuspublication=
 
|statuspublication=
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===Description===
 
===Description===
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====Karyotype====
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*{{Karyotype|haploid=28|diploid=56|karyotype=|locality=Australia|notes=|source=Hirai et al., 1996}}
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*{{Karyotype|haploid=27|diploid=56|karyotype=|locality=Australia|notes=|source=Hirai et al., 1996}}
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
{{NGC-CD}}
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*Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j.  Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 4, Combination in Myrmecia, Senior synonym of coelatinoda and laevinodis)
*Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j.  Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 4, Combination in Myrmecia)
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*Clark, J. 1943.  A revision of the genus Promyrmecia Emery (Formicidae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 13: 83-149 (page 138, queen, male described; page 137, Combination in Promyrmecia, Senior synonym of aureorufa and postpetiolaris)
*Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j.  Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 4, Senior synonym of coelatinoda and laevinodis)
+
*[[Media:Clark 1951.pdf|Clark, J. 1951. ''The Formicidae of Australia''. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.] '''PDF''']]
*Clark, J. 1943.  A revision of the genus Promyrmecia Emery (Formicidae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 13: 83-149 (page 138, queen, male described)
 
*Clark, J. 1943.  A revision of the genus Promyrmecia Emery (Formicidae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 13: 83-149 (page 137, Combination in Promyrmecia)
 
*Clark, J. 1943.  A revision of the genus Promyrmecia Emery (Formicidae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 13: 83-149 (page 137, Senior synonym of aureorufa and postpetiolaris)
 
*Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. Vol. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae. Melbourne: CSIRO, 230 pp. (page 151, see also)
 
 
*Crawley, W. C. 1926.  A revision of some old types of Formicidae. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1925: 373-393 (page 385, see also)
 
*Crawley, W. C. 1926.  A revision of some old types of Formicidae. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1925: 373-393 (page 385, see also)
 
*Emery, C. 1911e.  Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 21, Combination in M. (Pristomyrmecia))
 
*Emery, C. 1911e.  Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 21, Combination in M. (Pristomyrmecia))
 +
*[[Media:Heterick 2009b.pdf|Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of South-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 76:1-206. '''PDF''']]
 
*Ogata, K. 1991a.  Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a review of the species groups and their phylogenetic relationships (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). Syst. Entomol. 16: 353-381 (page 359, see also)
 
*Ogata, K. 1991a.  Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a review of the species groups and their phylogenetic relationships (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). Syst. Entomol. 16: 353-381 (page 359, see also)
 
*Smith, F. 1858a.  Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 145, worker described)
 
*Smith, F. 1858a.  Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 145, worker described)
 
*Wheeler, W. M. 1933i.  Colony founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, viii + 179 pp. (page 64, Combination in M. (Promyrmecia))
 
*Wheeler, W. M. 1933i.  Colony founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, viii + 179 pp. (page 64, Combination in M. (Promyrmecia))
===Additional References===
 
 
*[[Media:Clark 1951.pdf|Clark, J. 1951. ''The Formicidae of Australia''. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.] '''PDF''']]
 
  
{{Stub}}
 
 
[[category:Species]]
 
[[category:Species]]
 
[[category:Extant species]]
 
[[category:Extant species]]
 
[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Myrmeciinae]][[category:Myrmeciini]][[category:Myrmecia]][[category:Myrmecia mandibularis]]
 
[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Myrmeciinae]][[category:Myrmeciini]][[category:Myrmecia]][[category:Myrmecia mandibularis]]
 
[[category:Myrmeciinae species]][[category:Myrmeciini species]][[category:Myrmecia species|mandibularis]]
 
[[category:Myrmeciinae species]][[category:Myrmeciini species]][[category:Myrmecia species|mandibularis]]
[[category:Need Overview]][[category:Need Images]][[category:Need Body Text]]
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[[category:Need Overview]][[category:Need Body Text]]

Latest revision as of 14:06, 12 June 2019

Myrmecia mandibularis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. mandibularis
Binomial name
Myrmecia mandibularis
Smith, F., 1858

Myrmecia mandibularis casent0902808 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia mandibularis casent0902808 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Myrmecia mandibularis, the only species in the SWBP of the species-group that bears its name, is a common and very conspicuous member of the Darling Range ant fauna, but can be found from south-western WA to Victoria. (Heterick 2009)

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

AntMapLegend.png

Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • mandibularis. Myrmecia mandibularis Smith, F. 1858b: 145 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Clark, 1943: 138 (q.m.). Combination in M. (Pristomyrmecia): Emery, 1911d: 21; in M. (Promyrmecia): Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 64; in Promyrmecia: Clark, 1943: 137; in Myrmecia: Brown, 1953j: 4. Senior synonym of aureorufa, postpetiolaris: Clark, 1943: 137; of coelatinoda, laevinodis: Brown, 1953j: 4. See also: Crawley, 1926: 385; Clark, 1951: 151; Ogata, 1991a: 359.
  • aureorufa. Myrmecia mandibularis subsp. aureorufa Forel, 1910b: 6 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of mandibularis: Clark, 1943: 137.
  • coelatinoda. Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) fulvipes subsp. coelatinoda Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 72 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Combination in Promyrmecia: Clark, 1943: 147. Junior synonym of mandibularis: Brown, 1953j: 4.
  • postpetiolaris. Myrmecia mandibularis subsp. postpetiolaris Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 65 (w.m.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of mandibularis: Clark, 1943: 137.
  • laevinodis. Promyrmecia laevinodis Clark, 1943: 139, pl. 17, figs. 94, 95 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of mandibularis: Brown, 1953j: 4.

Type Material

  • Myrmecia mandibularis: Holotype, worker, Australia, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
  • Myrmecia mandibularis: Syntype, worker(s), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, The Natural History Museum.
  • Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) fulvipes caelatinoda: Holotype, unknown (apparently lost), Belair, South Australia, Australia.
  • Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) mandibularis postpetiolaris: Syntype, 2 workers (1 missing head), Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, Museum of Comparative Zoology.
  • Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) mandibularis postpetiolaris: Syntype, worker(s), male(s), Mt. Lofty, South Australia; Ballarat, Victoria; Warren River, Western Australia, Australia.
  • Promyrmecia laevinodis: Syntype, worker(s), queen(s), Armadale, Albany, and Bunbury, WA, Lucindale, Melrose and Kangaroo Island, SA and Mallee, VIC, Australia, Museum Victoria, Melbourne.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 28, 2n = 56 (Australia) (Hirai et al., 1996).
  • n = 27, 2n = 56 (Australia) (Hirai et al., 1996).

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 4, Combination in Myrmecia, Senior synonym of coelatinoda and laevinodis)
  • Clark, J. 1943. A revision of the genus Promyrmecia Emery (Formicidae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 13: 83-149 (page 138, queen, male described; page 137, Combination in Promyrmecia, Senior synonym of aureorufa and postpetiolaris)
  • Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.] PDF
  • Crawley, W. C. 1926. A revision of some old types of Formicidae. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1925: 373-393 (page 385, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 21, Combination in M. (Pristomyrmecia))
  • Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of South-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 76:1-206. PDF
  • Ogata, K. 1991a. Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a review of the species groups and their phylogenetic relationships (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). Syst. Entomol. 16: 353-381 (page 359, see also)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 145, worker described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933i. Colony founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, viii + 179 pp. (page 64, Combination in M. (Promyrmecia))