Myrmecia mandibularis

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Myrmecia mandibularis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmeciinae
Tribe: Myrmeciini
Genus: Myrmecia
Species: M. mandibularis
Binomial name
Myrmecia mandibularis
Smith, F., 1858

Myrmecia mandibularis casent0902808 p 1 high.jpg

Myrmecia mandibularis casent0902808 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Synonyms

Myrmecia mandibularis, the only species in the SWBP of the species-group that bears its name, is a common and very conspicuous member of the Darling Range ant fauna, but can be found from south-western WA to Victoria. (Heterick 2009)

Identification

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Australasian Region: Australia (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Worker

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • mandibularis. Myrmecia mandibularis Smith, F. 1858b: 145 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Clark, 1943: 138 (q.m.). Combination in M. (Pristomyrmecia): Emery, 1911d: 21; in M. (Promyrmecia): Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 64; in Promyrmecia: Clark, 1943: 137; in Myrmecia: Brown, 1953j: 4. Senior synonym of aureorufa, postpetiolaris: Clark, 1943: 137; of coelatinoda, laevinodis: Brown, 1953j: 4. See also: Crawley, 1926: 385; Clark, 1951: 151; Ogata, 1991a: 359.
  • aureorufa. Myrmecia mandibularis subsp. aureorufa Forel, 1910b: 6 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of mandibularis: Clark, 1943: 137.
  • coelatinoda. Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) fulvipes subsp. coelatinoda Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 72 (w.) AUSTRALIA. Combination in Promyrmecia: Clark, 1943: 147. Junior synonym of mandibularis: Brown, 1953j: 4.
  • postpetiolaris. Myrmecia mandibularis subsp. postpetiolaris Wheeler, W.M. 1933i: 65 (w.m.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of mandibularis: Clark, 1943: 137.
  • laevinodis. Promyrmecia laevinodis Clark, 1943: 139, pl. 17, figs. 94, 95 (w.q.) AUSTRALIA. Junior synonym of mandibularis: Brown, 1953j: 4.

Type Material

  • Myrmecia mandibularis: Holotype, worker, Australia, Australia, Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève.
  • Myrmecia mandibularis: Syntype, worker(s), Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, The Natural History Museum.
  • Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) fulvipes caelatinoda: Holotype, unknown (apparently lost), Belair, South Australia, Australia.
  • Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) mandibularis postpetiolaris: Syntype, 2 workers (1 missing head), Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, Museum of Comparative Zoology.
  • Myrmecia (Promyrmecia) mandibularis postpetiolaris: Syntype, worker(s), male(s), Mt. Lofty, South Australia; Ballarat, Victoria; Warren River, Western Australia, Australia.
  • Promyrmecia laevinodis: Syntype, worker(s), queen(s), Armadale, Albany, and Bunbury, WA, Lucindale, Melrose and Kangaroo Island, SA and Mallee, VIC, Australia, Museum Victoria, Melbourne.

Description

Karyotype

  • n = 28, 2n = 56 (Australia) (Hirai et al., 1996).
  • n = 27, 2n = 56 (Australia) (Hirai et al., 1996).

References

  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1953j. Revisionary notes on the ant genus Myrmecia of Australia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 111: 1-35 (page 4, Combination in Myrmecia, Senior synonym of coelatinoda and laevinodis)
  • Clark, J. 1943. A revision of the genus Promyrmecia Emery (Formicidae). Mem. Natl. Mus. Vic. 13: 83-149 (page 138, queen, male described; page 137, Combination in Promyrmecia, Senior synonym of aureorufa and postpetiolaris)
  • Clark, J. 1951. The Formicidae of Australia. 1. Subfamily Myrmeciinae: 230 pp. CSIRO, Melbourne. [(31.xii).1951.] PDF
  • Crawley, W. C. 1926. A revision of some old types of Formicidae. Trans. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 1925: 373-393 (page 385, see also)
  • Emery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125 (page 21, Combination in M. (Pristomyrmecia))
  • Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of South-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum, Supplement 76:1-206. PDF
  • Ogata, K. 1991a. Ants of the genus Myrmecia Fabricius: a review of the species groups and their phylogenetic relationships (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmeciinae). Syst. Entomol. 16: 353-381 (page 359, see also)
  • Smith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. (page 145, worker described)
  • Wheeler, W. M. 1933i. Colony founding among ants, with an account of some primitive Australian species. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, viii + 179 pp. (page 64, Combination in M. (Promyrmecia))