Pheidole indosinensis

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Pheidole indosinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Pheidole
Species: P. indosinensis
Binomial name
Pheidole indosinensis
Wheeler, W.M., 1928

MCZ-ENT00020665 Pheidole sulcaticeps subsp indosinensis hal.jpg MCZ-ENT00020665 Pheidole sulcaticeps subsp indosinensis had.jpg Type Specimen Label

This species seemingly prefers woody habitats. Majors serve as repletes (Eguchi 2008).

Identification

This species is characterized among Indo-Chinese species by a combination of the following characteristics: in the major dorsal and lateral faces of vertexal lobe rugoso-reticulate or reticulate; in the major frontal carina relatively well developed; in the minor preoccipital carina conspicuous dorsally and laterally; in the major submedian processes of hypostoma well developed; in the major posterior slope of promesonotal dome with a low prominence/mound; in the major and minor petiole longer than postpetiole. This species is similar to Pheidole elongicephala and Pheidole ochracea. However, in the major of the latter two vertexal lobes in full-face view relatively close to each other; and submedian processes of hypostoma is usually (but not always) very small or inconspicuous. (Eguchi 2008)

Keys including this Species

Distribution

Known from N. Vietnam and S. China.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Oriental Region: Vietnam.
Palaearctic Region: China (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • indosinensis. Pheidole sulcaticeps subsp. indosinensis Wheeler, W.M. 1928c: 10 (s.w.) CHINA. [P. sulcaticeps subsp. indosinensis Wheeler, W.M. 1927h: 87. Nomen nudum.] Raised to species: Eguchi, 2008: 43.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Eguchi (2008) - I was unable to find the type material of the nominotypical taxon of Pheidole sulcaticeps Roger in a possible depository (Zoologisches Museum an der Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin). According to its original description (Roger, 1863a: 193–194) head of the major is in lateral view strongly impressed at the posterior 1/3 of its dorsum, and dorsum of “mesonotum [= a mound (prominence) on the posterior slope of promesonotal dome]” of the minor is in lateral view horizontal at the begining. These characteristics are not seen in P. sulcaticeps subsp. indosinensis which I recognised based on my examination of the type material of the subspecies. Thus, I here conclude that the two forms are different from each other at the species level, and raise the subspecies indosinensis to the species rank.

Description

Worker

Eguchi (2008) - Major (n=5). — HL 1.65–1.80 mm; HW 1.58–1.78 mm; CI 94–99; SL 0.91–0.99 mm; SI 55–59; FL 1.27–1.36 mm; FI 76–84. Minor (n=5). — HL 0.70–0.78 mm; HW 0.59–0.67 mm; CI 83–86; SL 0.87–0.96 mm; SI 143–149; FL 0.89–1.00 mm; FI 149–157.

Major — Body deep yellowish-brown with paler appendages. Head in lateral view not or hardly impressed on vertex; vertexal lobes in full-face view relatively widely separated from each other; frons and anterior part of vertex rugose longitudinally-obliquely; posterior part of vertex and dorsal and dorsolateral faces of vertexal lobe rugoso-reticulate or reticulate; median longitudinal carina of clypeus usually conspicuous but sometimes very weak or inconspicuous; frontal carina relatively well developed; antennal scrobe present as a shallow impression; median process of hypostoma poorly developed or almost absent; submedian processes developed well; lateral processes conspicuous; antenna with a 3-segmented club; maximal diameter of eye shorter than or almost as long as antennal segment X (sometimes a little longer than antennal segment X). Promesonotal dome in dorsal view sparsely rugose or rugoso-reticulate transversely, with interspaces smooth, in lateral view with a low prominence/mound on its posterior slope; humerus hardly or very weakly produced laterad; the dome at the humeri as broad as or narrower than at the bottom. Petiole longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole not massive. First gasteral tergite smooth over the surface or very weakly punctured in its anterior 1/3.

Minor — Body yellowish-brown. Frons and vertex smooth and shining or shagreened, or sometimes weakly rugoso-reticulate; dorsolateral and lateral face of head usually rugoso-reticulate dimly or weakly; median portion of clypeus smooth and shining, with a weak or conspicuous median longitudinal carina; preoccipital carina conspicuous dorsally and laterally; antenna with a 3-segmented club; scape extending far beyond posterolateral margin of head; maximal diameter of eye shorter than antennal segment X. Promesonotal dome largely smooth and shining, in lateral view usually with an inconspicuous mound on its gentle posterior slope; humerus in dorso-oblique view usually (but not always) produced very weakly; mesopleuron, metapleuron and lateral face of propodeum weakly punctured; propodeal spine elongate-triangular. Petiole longer than postpetiole (excluding helcium); postpetiole not massive.

Type Material

Eguchi (2008) - Pheidole sulcaticeps subsp. indosinensis. Syntypes: 6 minors, “Yi Liang, Indochina, F. Silvestri leg.” [China], Museum of Comparative Zoology cotype-20665, examined.

References

  • Eguchi, K. 2008. A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa. 1902:1-118. PDF