This species occurs in lower montane, mature wet forest. It nests in clay soil on vertical banks. Several nests have been discovered and excavated.
- Nest 1: the entrance was a flared auricle-like structure of accreted soil; irregular galleries extended back into bank from the entrance; abundant workers, soldiers, brood were found about 5cm deep.
- Nest 2: on a concave clay bank, the entrance under a shelf, pointing downward; the nest entrance was a projecting, thin-walled, open-mouthed cylinder, made of accreted soil.
- Nest 3: in an abandoned wax tube of a Trigona bee nest, in a buttressed trunk, 1.5 m high; the wax tube covered a hemispherical chamber about 8 cm diameter; the entire colony with a single queen appeared to be in this chamber; a uniformly distributed layer of larvae were adhering to the vertical back wall of the chamber.
- Nest 4: incipient nest in a clay bank; inconspicuous circular entrance tunnel; nest a spherical chamber 3-4 cm deep; most of the colony collected; 16 minor workers, 1 colony queen, brood.
- Nest 5: stream edge in moist forest; nest in clay bank deep in alcove with overhanging roots.
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
Similar in most respects to Pheidole rogeri. The minor worker has a smooth, shiny face, rather than the lustrous, shagreened face of P. rogeri. The major worker is not readily distinguishable.
Measurements, minor worker: HW 0.84, HL 1.14, SL 1.56, EL 0.18, WL 1.63, PSL 0.42, PTW 0.14, PPW 0.23, CI 74, SI 185, PSLI 50, PPI 164 (n=2).
Measurements, major worker: HW 2.35, HL 2.59, SL 1.53, EL 0.28, WL 2.19, PSL 0.44, PTW 0.29, PPW 0.51, CI 91, SI 66, PSLI 19, PPI 173 (n=2).
Measurements, queen: HW 2.23, HL 2.14, SL 1.62, EL 0.48, WL 3.25, PSL 0.41, PTW 0.51, PPW 0.90, CI 104, SI 73, PSLI 19, PPI 175 (n=1).
Pheidole rogeripolita is a montane variant of the widespread lowland species Pheidole rogeri. The two are sister taxa and diverged about 5 mya (Pheidole JTL134 in Economo et al. 2019).
Latitudinal Distribution Pattern
Latitudinal Range: 10.3107° to 10.3°.
- Source: AntMaps
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- rogeripolita. Pheidole rogeripolita Longino, 2019: 56, fig. 58 (w.q.) COSTA RICA.
- HOLOTYPE: 1 major worker, Costa Rica, Alajuela: Peñas Blancas River, 10.3 -84.73333 ±2 km, 850 m, 3-Mar-2005, wet forest, nest in clay bank (J. Longino, JTL5465) [MUCR, unique specimen identifier CASENT0636564].
- PARATYPES: major, minor worker, queen: same data as holotype [JTLC, MUCR]; Costa Rica, Alajuela: 10km E Monteverde, 10.3107 -84.71356 ±50 m, 830 m, 15-May-2014, mature wet forest, nest in cavity in treetrunk (J. Longino, JTL8640) [CAS, DZUP, JTLC, MCZC, USNM].
Similar to P. rogeri, but smooth and shiny, without a dull surface.
- Longino, J.T. 2019. Pheidole (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Middle American Wet Forest. Zootaxa 4599: 1–126 (DOI 10.11646/zootaxa.4599.1.1).
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Longino J. T. 2019. Pheidole (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) of Middle American wet forest. Zootaxa 4599: 1-126