Difference between revisions of "Ponerini"

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(Synopsis)
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{{Taxobox
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|name = Ponerini
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|regnum = [[Animal]]ia
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|phylum = [[Arthropod]]a
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|classis = [[Insect]]a
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|ordo = [[Hymenoptera]]
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|familia = [[Formicidae]]
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|subfamilia = [[Ponerinae]]
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|tribus = Ponerini
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|tribus_authority = Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835
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|type_genus =''[[Ponera]]''
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|diversity_link = :Category:List of species
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|diversity = {{Genus Species Diversity|Fossil=}}
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}}
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==Identification==
  
The tribe Ponerini belongs to the subfamily [[Ponerinae]].  For a list of genera contained within this tribe see [[:Category:Ponerini genera|Ponerini genera]], for species see [[:Category:Ponerini species|Ponerini species]].
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{{ListOfGenera}}
  
==Synopsis==
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==Nomenclature==
<br>'''Tribe PONERINI'''
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{{Nomenclature}}
<br>'''Ponerites''' Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 185. Type-genus: ''Ponera''.
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*{{RedText|PONERINI}} [tribe of Ponerinae]
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
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**Ponerites Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 185. Type-genus: ''Ponera'' Latreille, 1804: 179.
<br>Ponerini as group name: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 185 [Ponérites].
 
<br>Ponerini as tribe of Poneridae: Forel, 1895b: 111 [Poneri].Ponerini as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1893a: 163 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1895j: 767 [Ponerii]; Forel,
 
1899c: 2 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1901a: 36 [Ponerii]; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 135 [Ponerii];
 
Ashmead, 1905b: 382; Emery, 1911d: 54; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 27; Arnold, 1915: 36;
 
Forel, 1917: 237; Gallardo, 1918b: 7; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 638, 646; all subsequent
 
authors.
 
  
<br>'''Junior synonyms of PONERINI'''
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===Taxonomic History===
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*Ponerini as group name: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 185 [Ponérites].
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*Ponerini as tribe of Poneridae: Forel, 1895b: 111 [Poneri].
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*Ponerini as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1893a: 163 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1895j: 767 [Ponerii]; Forel, 1899c: 2 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1901a: 36 [Ponerii]; Ruzsky, 1905b: 174 [Ponerii]; Ashmead, 1905b: 382 [Ponerini]; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 135 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1911d: 54; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 27; Arnold, 1915: 36; Forel, 1917: 237; Gallardo, 1918b: 7; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 638, 646; subsequent authors; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158; Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 52.
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*Ponerini as senior synonym of Centromyrmecini: Brown, 1953c: 9.
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*Ponerini as senior synonym of Leptogenyini: Brown, 1963: 3.
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*Ponerini as senior synonym of Dorylozelini: Taylor, 1969: 132.
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*Ponerini as senior synonym of *Archiponerini, Drepanognathini, Euponerinae, Harpegnathini, Odontomachidae, Pachycondylinae and Plectroctenini: Bolton, 1994: 164.
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*Ponerini as senior synonym of Pseudoneoponerini: Bolton, 2003: 43.
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*Ponerini as senior synonym of Thaumatomyrmecini: Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 46.
  
<br>'''Odontomachidae''' Mayr, 1862: 708. Type-genus: ''Odontomachus''.
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==References==
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Odontomachidae as subfamily of Formicidae: Mayr, 1862: 708 [Odontomachidae]; Mayr, 1865: 11
 
[Odontomachidae]; Clark, 1951: 15 (in key) [Odontomachinae].
 
<br>Odontomachidae as family: Smith, F. 1871a: 319; Cresson, 1887: 93; Ashmead, 1905b: 382.
 
<br>Odontomachidae as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1893a: 163 [Odontomachii]; Forel, 1895b: 117
 
[Odontomachii]; Emery, 1895j: 768 [Odontomachii]; Forel, 1899c: 18 [Odontomachii];
 
Forel, 1900c: 57 [Odontomachii]; Emery, 1901a: 36 [Odontomachii]; Wheeler, W.M.
 
1910g: 135 [Odontomachii]; Emery, 1911d: 106 [Odontomachini]; Forel, 1917: 238
 
[Odontomachini]; Gallardo, 1918b: 6 [Odontomachini]; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a:  636
 
[Odontomachini]; Chapman & Capco, 1951: 39 [Odontomachini]; Wilson, 1959a: 483
 
[Odontomachini]; Kusnezov, 1964: 53 [Odontomachini]; Wheeler, G.C. & Wheeler, J.
 
1976b: 51 [Odontomachini]; Smith, D.R. 1979: 1344 [Odontomachini]; Wheeler, G.C. &
 
Wheeler, J. 1985: 256 [Odontomachini]; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78 [Odontomachini];
 
Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 11 [Odontomachini]; Jaffe, 1993: 8 [Odontomachini].
 
<br>Odontomachidae as subtribe of Ponerini: Brown, 1976a: 71 [Odontomachiti].
 
<br>Odontomachidae as junior synonym of Ponerini: Emery & Forel, 1879a: 455; Bolton, 1994: 164;
 
Bolton, 1995b: 14; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.
 
  
<br>'''Leptogenysii''' Forel, 1893a: 162. Type-genus: ''Leptogenys''.
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[[category:Tribe]]
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
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[[category:Extant tribe]]
<br>Leptogenysii as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1893a: 162; Emery, 1895j: 761  [Leptogenyi]; Forel,
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[[category:Ponerinae]][[category:Ponerini]]
1899c: 17 [Leptogenyi]; Emery, 1901a: 36 [Leptogenyi]; Ashmead, 1905b: 382
 
[Leptogenyini]; Emery, 1911d: 97 [Leptogenyini]; Arnold, 1915: 88 [Leptogenyini]; Forel,
 
1917: 238 [Leptogenyini]; Gallardo, 1918b: 6 [Leptogenyini]; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 636
 
[Leptogenyini]; Arnold, 1926: 209 [Leptogenyini]; Bernard, 1953b: 210 [Leptogenyini];
 
Kusnezov, 1964: 53 [Leptogenyini]; Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78 [Leptogenyini].
 
<br>Leptogenysii as junior synonym of Ponerini: Brown, 1963: 3; Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 1995b:
 
12; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.
 
 
 
<br>'''Harpegnathii''' Forel, 1900c: 63. Type-genus: Harpegnathos.
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Harpegnathii as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1900c: 63.
 
<br>Harpegnathii as subtribe of Ponerini: Emery, 1911d: 58 [Harpegnathini]; Forel, 1917: 237
 
[Harpegnathini].
 
<br>Harpegnathii as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.
 
 
 
<br>'''Drepanognathini''' Ashmead, 1905b: 382. Type-genus:  Drepanognathus (junior synonym of
 
Harpegnathos).
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Drepanognathini as tribe of Pachycondylinae: Ashmead, 1905b: 382.
 
<br>Drepanognathini as junior synonym of Harpegnathini: Emery, 1911d: 58.Drepanognathini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.
 
 
 
<br>'''Pachycondylinae''' Ashmead, 1905b: 382. Type-genus: Pachycondyla.
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Pachycondylinae as subfamily of Poneridae: Ashmead, 1905b: 382.
 
<br>Pachycondylinae as subtribe of Ponerini: Emery, 1911d: 59 [Pachycondylini]; Forel, 1917: 237
 
[Pachycondylini].
 
<br>Pachycondylinae as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.
 
 
 
<br>'''Euponerinae''' Emery, 1909c: 355. Type-genus: Euponera (junior synonym of Pachycondyla).
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Euponerinae as group of Ponerinae: Emery, 1909c: 355.
 
<br>Euponerinae tribe of Ponerinae: Donisthorpe, 1943f: 626 [Euponerini].
 
<br>Euponerinae as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.
 
 
 
<br>'''Centromyrmicini''' Emery, 1911d: 57. Type-genus: Centromyrmex.
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Centromyrmicini as subtribe of Ponerini: Emery, 1911d: 57; Forel, 1917: 237.
 
<br>Centromyrmicini as tribe of Ponerinae: Bernard, 1953b: 186.
 
<br>Centromyrmicini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Brown, 1953c: 9; all subsequent authors.
 
 
 
<br>'''Plectroctenini''' Emery, 1911d: 92. Type-genus: Plectroctena.
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Plectroctenini as subtribe of Ponerini: Emery, 1911d: 92; Forel, 1917: 238.
 
<br>Plectroctenini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158.
 
 
 
<br>'''Dorylozelini''' Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 646. Type-genus:  Dorylozelus (junior synonym of
 
Leptogenys).
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Dorylozelini as tribe of Ponerinae: Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 646.
 
<br>Dorylozelini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Taylor, 1969: 132; all subsequent authors.
 
 
 
<br>'''Pseudoneoponerini''' Chapman & Capco, 1951: 77 (attributed to Donisthorpe). Type-genus:
 
Pseudoneoponera (junior synonym of Pachycondyla).
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>Pseudoneoponerini as tribe of Ponerinae: Chapman & Capco, 1951: 77.
 
<br>Pseudoneoponerini as junior synoym of Ponerini: Bolton, 2003: 43, 159.
 
 
 
<br>*'''Archiponerini''' Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78. Type-genus: *Archiponera.
 
<br>'''Taxonomic history'''
 
<br>*Archiponerini as tribe of Ponerinae: Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988: 78.
 
<br>*Archiponerini as junior synonym of Ponerini: Bolton, 1994: 164; Bolton, 2003: 43, 159.
 
 
 
<br>'''Genera (extant) of Ponerini''':  ''[[Anochetus]]'', ''[[Asphinctopone]]'', ''[[Belonopelta]]'', ''[[Boloponera]]'', ''[[Centromyrmex]]'', ''[[Diacamma]]'', ''[[Dinoponera]]'', ''[[Dolioponera]]'', ''[[Emeryopone]]'', ''[[Feroponera]]'', ''[[Harpegnathos]]'', ''[[Hypoponera]]'', ''[[Leptogenys]]'', ''[[Loboponera]]'', ''[[Myopias]]'', ''[[Odontomachus]]'', ''[[Odontoponera]]'', ''[[Pachycondyla]]'', ''[[Phrynoponera]]'', ''[[Plectroctena]]'', ''[[Ponera]]'', ''[[Promyopias]]'', ''[[Psalidomyrmex]]'', ''[[Simopelta]]'', ''[[Streblognathus]]''.
 
 
 
<br>'''Genera (extinct) incertae sedis in Ponerini''': *Archiponera, *Ponerites, *Poneropsis, *Protopone.
 
 
 
<br>'''Tribe Ponerini references'''
 
<br>Emery, 1895j: 767, 768 (Ponerini, Odontomachini diagnoses); Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 135
 
(diagnosis); Emery, 1911d: 54 (Ponerini diagnosis, subtribe & genera key); Emery, 1911d: 57, 58,
 
59, 87, 92 (subtribes Centromyrmicini, Harpegnathini, Pachycondylini, Ponerini & Plectroctenini,
 
diagnoses); Emery, 1911d: 97, 106 (tribes Leptogenyini, Odontomachini, diagnoses); Arnold,
 
1915: 36 (South Africa genera key); Arnold, 1915: 88, 102 (Leptogenyini, Odontomachini
 
diagnoses); Forel, 1917: 237 (synoptic classification); Gallardo, 1918b: 46 (Argentina, key);
 
Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 632, 652, 653 (Ponerini, Leptogenyini & Odontomachini, genera keys);
 
Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 762, 786, 790 (Afrotropical Ponerini, Leptogenyini & Odontomachini
 
catalogues); Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 1007 (Malagasy Ponerini, Leptogenyini & Odontomachini
 
catalogues); Brown, 1976a: 71, 96 (Odontomachiti diagnosis, genera key); Wheeler, G.C. &
 
Wheeler, J. 1976b: 50, 51 (Ponerini, Odontomachini larvae, review & synthesis); Dlussky &
 
Fedoseeva, 1988: 78 (synoptic classification); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 10 (synoptic
 
classification); Brandão, 1991: 389 (Neotropical, synoptic classification); Bolton, 1994: 164
 
(synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a: 1042 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 15 (catalogue); Hölldobler,
 
Obermayer & Peeters, 1996: 159 (metatibial gland); Bolton & Brown, 2002: 2 (Plectroctena genus
 
group); Bolton, 2003: 43, 158 (diagnosis, synopsis).
 
 
 
[[category:tribe]]
 
[[category:Extant Tribe]]
 
[[category:Formicidae]][[category:Ponerinae]][[category:Ponerini]]
 
 
[[category:Ponerinae tribes]]
 
[[category:Ponerinae tribes]]

Revision as of 07:59, 8 December 2019

Ponerini
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835
Type genus
Ponera
Diversity
46 genera
1,342 species

Identification

List of Genera

Extant Genera

AnochetusAsphinctoponeAustroponeraBelonopeltaBoloponeraBothroponeraBrachyponeraBuniaponeCentromyrmexCryptoponeDiacammaDinoponeraDolioponeraEctomomyrmexEmeryoponeEuponeraFeroponeraFisheroponeHagensiaHarpegnathosHypoponeraIroponeraLeptogenysLoboponeraMayaponeraMegaponeraMesoponeraMyopiasNeoponeraOdontomachusOdontoponeraOphthalmoponePachycondylaPaltothyreusParvaponeraPhrynoponeraPlectroctenaPoneraPromyopiasPsalidomyrmexPseudoneoponeraPseudoponeraRasoponeSimopeltaStreblognathusThaumatomyrmex

Fossil Genera

ArchiponeraCephaloponeCyrtoponeMesseleponePoneritesProtoponeTaphopone

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.

  • PONERINI [tribe of Ponerinae]
    • Ponerites Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 185. Type-genus: Ponera Latreille, 1804: 179.

Taxonomic History

  • Ponerini as group name: Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835: 185 [Ponérites].
  • Ponerini as tribe of Poneridae: Forel, 1895b: 111 [Poneri].
  • Ponerini as tribe of Ponerinae: Forel, 1893a: 163 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1895j: 767 [Ponerii]; Forel, 1899c: 2 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1901a: 36 [Ponerii]; Ruzsky, 1905b: 174 [Ponerii]; Ashmead, 1905b: 382 [Ponerini]; Wheeler, W.M. 1910g: 135 [Ponerii]; Emery, 1911d: 54; Wheeler, W.M. 1915h: 27; Arnold, 1915: 36; Forel, 1917: 237; Gallardo, 1918b: 7; Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 638, 646; subsequent authors; Bolton, 2003: 43, 158; Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 52.
  • Ponerini as senior synonym of Centromyrmecini: Brown, 1953c: 9.
  • Ponerini as senior synonym of Leptogenyini: Brown, 1963: 3.
  • Ponerini as senior synonym of Dorylozelini: Taylor, 1969: 132.
  • Ponerini as senior synonym of *Archiponerini, Drepanognathini, Euponerinae, Harpegnathini, Odontomachidae, Pachycondylinae and Plectroctenini: Bolton, 1994: 164.
  • Ponerini as senior synonym of Pseudoneoponerini: Bolton, 2003: 43.
  • Ponerini as senior synonym of Thaumatomyrmecini: Schmidt, C.A. & Shattuck, 2014: 46.

References