Difference between revisions of "Pseudomyrmex"

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==Identification==
 
==Identification==
 
Workers of ''Pseudomyrmex'' may be recognized by their large compound eyes, closely set frontal carinae and antennal insertions, and short scapes. There is a distinct postpetiole and a well developed sting (Ward 1985).
 
Workers of ''Pseudomyrmex'' may be recognized by their large compound eyes, closely set frontal carinae and antennal insertions, and short scapes. There is a distinct postpetiole and a well developed sting (Ward 1985).
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[[Pseudomyrmex species groups]]
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==Distribution==
 
==Distribution==
 
{{World Distribution}}
 
{{World Distribution}}

Revision as of 03:51, 16 December 2012

Pseudomyrmex
Pseudomyrmex gracilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Pseudomyrmecinae
Genus: Pseudomyrmex
Lund, 1831
Type species
Formica gracilis
Diversity
146 species
13 fossil species

Pseudomyrmex gracilis casent0103874 profile 1.jpg

Pseudomyrmex gracilis

Pseudomyrmex gracilis casent0103874 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen Label

Synonyms

Identification

Workers of Pseudomyrmex may be recognized by their large compound eyes, closely set frontal carinae and antennal insertions, and short scapes. There is a distinct postpetiole and a well developed sting (Ward 1985).

Pseudomyrmex species groups

Distribution

Distribution and Richness based on AntMaps

Check distribution from AntMaps.

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Check specimen data from AntWeb

Biology

Template:Ecology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • PSEUDOMYRMEX [Pseudomyrmecinae]
    • Pseudomyrmex Lund, 1831b: 106. Type-species: Formica gracilis, by subsequent designation of Smith, M.R. 1952a: 98.
    • Pseudomyrmex senior synonym of Pseudomyrma (and its junior synonyms Leptalea and Myrmex): Smith, M.R. 1952a: 98.
    • Pseudomyrmex senior synonym of Apedunculata, Clavanoda, Latinoda, Ornatinoda, Triangulinoda: Ward, 1990: 469.
  • APEDUNCULATA [junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex]
    • Apedunculata Enzmann, E.V. 1944: 62 [as "branch" of Pseudomyrma]. Type-species: Pseudomyrma sericea, by original designation.
    • Apedunculata junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex: Ward, 1990: 469.
  • CLAVANODA [junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex]
    • Clavanoda Enzmann, E.V. 1944: 61 [as "branch" of Pseudomyrma]. Type-species: Formica gracilis, by original designation.
    • Clavanoda junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex: Ward, 1990: 469. [Pseudomyrmex and Clavanoda share the same type-species; synonymy is therefore absolute.]
  • LATINODA [junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex]
    • Latinoda Enzmann, E.V. 1944: 62 [as "branch" of Pseudomyrma]. Type-species: Pseudomyrma latinoda, by original designation.
    • Latinoda junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex: Ward, 1990: 469.
  • LEPTALEA [junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex]
    • Leptalea Erichson, 1839: 309. Type-species: Formica gracilis, by subsequent designation of Wheeler, W.M. 1911f: 166.
  • [Leptalaea Spinola, 1851b: 52 and Spinola, 1853: 68; unavailable names, incorrect subsequent spellings.]
    • Leptalea junior synonym of Pseudomyrma: Smith, F. 1858b: 153; Roger, 1863b: 24.
    • Leptalea junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex: Smith, M.R. 1952a: 98. [Pseudomyrmex and Leptalea share the same type-species; synonymy is therefore absolute.]
  • ORNATINODA [junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex]
    • Ornatinoda Enzmann, E.V. 1944: 61 [as "branch" of Pseudomyrma]. Type-species: Formica tenuis, by original designation.
    • Ornatinoda junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex: Ward, 1990: 469.
  • PSEUDOMYRMA [junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex]
    • Pseudomyrma Guérin-Méneville, 1844a: 427 [as subgenus of Formica]. Type-species: Pseudomyrma bicolor, by monotypy.
    • Pseudomyrma senior synonym of Leptalea, Myrmex: Smith, F. 1858b: 153; Roger, 1863b: 24.
    • Pseudomyrma junior synonym of Pseudomyrmex: Smith, M.R. 1952a: 98.


References

The following references are based on the 2007 CD version of the Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 135, Pseudomyrmex in Pseudomyrmecinae, Pseudomyrmecini)
  • Kempf, W. W. 1961a. Estudos sôbre Pseudomyrmex. III. (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Stud. Entomol. 4: 369-408 (page 373, Key to species (gracilis-group))
  • Lund, A. W. 1831b. Ueber die Lebensweise einiger brasilianischer Ameisen. Notizen Geb. Natur- Heilkd. 32: 97-106 (page 106, Pseudomyrmex as genus)
  • Smith, M. R. 1952a. The correct name for the group of ants formerly known as Pseudomyrma (Hymenoptera). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 54: 97-98 (page 98, Type-species: Formica gracilis, by subsequent designation; Pseudomyrmex senior synonym of Pseudomyrma (and its junior synonyms Leptalea and Myrmex); Pseudomyrmex in Pseudomyrmecinae)
  • Ward, P. S. 1985b. The Nearctic species of the genus Pseudomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Quaest. Entomol. 21: 209-246 (page 215, Key to Nearctic species)
  • Ward, P. S. 1989a. Systematic studies on pseudomyrmecine ants: revision of the Pseudomyrmex oculatus and P. subtilissimus species groups, with taxonomic comments on other species. Quaest. Entomol. 25: 393-468 (page 430, Key to species (suptilissimus-group))
  • Ward, P. S. 1989a. Systematic studies on pseudomyrmecine ants: revision of the Pseudomyrmex oculatus and P. subtilissimus species groups, with taxonomic comments on other species. Quaest. Entomol. 25: 393-468 (page 407, Key to species (oculatus-group))
  • Ward, P. S. 1990. The ant subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): generic revision and relationship to other formicids. Syst. Entomol. 15: 449-489 (page 469, Pseudomyrmex senior synonym of Apedunculata, Clavanoda, Latinoda, Ornatinoda, and Triangulinoda)
  • Ward, P. S. 1990. The ant subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): generic revision and relationship to other formicids. Syst. Entomol. 15: 449-489 (page 469, Pseudomyrmex senior synonym of Apedunculata, Clavanoda, Latinoda, Ornatinoda, Triangulinoda)
  • Ward, P. S. 1992. Ants of the genus Pseudomyrmex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Dominican amber, with a synopsis of the extant Antillean species. Psyche (Camb.) 99: 55-85 (page 76, Dominican Amber fauna)
  • Ward, P. S. 1993. Systematic studies on Pseudomyrmex acacia-ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Pseudomyrmecinae). J. Hym. Res. 2: 117-168 (page 117, Acacia-associated taxa)

Additional References

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