AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Attini
Genus: Xenoaphaenogaster
Baroni Urbani, 1964
Type species
Xenoaphaenogaster inquilina (junior synonym of Pheidole pallidula)

Pheidole pallidula casent0080858 profile 1.jpg

Pheidole pallidula casent0080858 dorsal 1.jpg

Specimen labels

This genus is not in use as it is currently considered to be a junior synonym of Pheidole.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • XENOAPHAENOGASTER [junior synonym of Pheidole]
    • Xenoaphaenogaster Baroni Urbani, 1964b: 50. Type-species: Xenoaphaenogaster inquilina (junior synonym of Myrmica pallidula), by original designation.
    • Xenoaphaenogaster junior synonym of Pheidole: Bolton, 1987: 291.


  • Baroni Urbani, C. 1964b. Studi sulla mirmecofauna d'Italia. II. Formiche di Sicilia. Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. (6) 16: 25-66 (page 50, Xenoaphaenogaster as genus)
  • Bolton, B. 1987. A review of the Solenopsis genus-group and revision of Afrotropical Monomorium Mayr (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bull. Br. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Entomol. 54: 263-452 (page 291, Xenoaphaenogaster as junior synonym of Pheidole)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 235, Xenoaphaenogaster as junior synonym of Pheidole)
  • Brown, W. L., Jr. 1973b. A comparison of the Hylean and Congo-West African rain forest ant faunas. Pp. 161-185 in: Meggers, B. J., Ayensu, E. S., Duckworth, W. D. (eds.) Tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. Wash (page 185, Xenoaphaenogaster as junior synonym of Monomorium)