Adelomyrmex quetzal

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Adelomyrmex quetzal
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Adelomyrmex
Species: A. quetzal
Binomial name
Adelomyrmex quetzal
Longino, 2012

Adelomyrmex quetzal casent0614520 p 1 high.jpg

Adelomyrmex quetzal casent0614520 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This species occurs in cloud forest, from 1550–1750 m elevation. It is known from ten different Winkler samples of sifted litter, from two regions of Guatemala.


Longino (2012) - Mandible lacking differentiated basal and masticatory margins; counting from apex, fifth tooth closer to sixth (basal) tooth than to fourth tooth; scape lacking long erect setae projecting above underlying pubescence; gaster dark red brown, concolorous with rest of body (gaster contrastingly yellow in the similar Adelomyrmex mackayi); metanotal groove not impressed (impressed in A. mackayi).

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 15.226° to 15.1989°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Guatemala (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Adelomyrmex quetzal casent0627819 h 1 high.jpg
Paratype Adelomyrmex quetzalWorker. Specimen code casent0627819. Photographer Jeremy Pilllow, uploaded by University of Utah. Owned by MCZC.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • quetzal. Adelomyrmex quetzal Longino, 2012: 28, figs. 20, 21 (w.) GUATEMALA.
    • Type-material: holotype worker, paratype workers (number not stated; at least 12).
    • Type-locality: holotype Guatemala: Baja Verapaz, Biotopo Quetzal, 15.21224, -90.21421±50m., 1750 m., 7.v.2009, LLAMA Wa-B-02-1-39 (no collector’s name); paratypes: Baja Verapaz, 4.5 km. S Purulha, 1630 m., 21.v.1991, 91-006 (R.S. Anderson), as last but 24.v.1991, 91-019 (R.S. Anderson), 7.5 km. S Purulha, 1630 m., 26.v.1991, 91-026 (R.S. Anderson).
    • Type-depositories: CASC (holotype); BMNH, CFSS, EAPZ, ICNB, INBC, LACM, MCZC, MZSP, UCDC, UNAM, USNM, UVGC (paratypes).
    • Distribution: Guatemala.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



HW 0.67–0.71 (n=6); mandible without differentiated masticatory and basal margins, with six distinct teeth distributed from apex to base, fifth tooth closer to sixth (basal) tooth than to fourth tooth, and with a deep notch between sixth tooth and basal condyle; dorsal surface of mandible with several coarse longitudinal striae and several large piligerous puncta; in full face view, lateral clypeal teeth project from beneath clypeal shelf; lateral clypeal teeth located on anterior (ventral) margin of clypeus and separate from transverse carina that forms clypeal shelf; hypostomal tooth absent; compound eye composed of 11–13 ommatidia; face fully sculptured with longitudinal rugae.

Short anterior face of pronotum well separated from dorsal face by an elevated transverse ruga; dorsal profile of promesonotum and propodeum forming a single arched convexity, metanotal groove not impressed; propodeal spines pronounced, acute; space between propodeal spines a broad concavity without distinct dorsal and posterior faces, smooth and shiny with a few transverse rugae; rest of mesosoma with strong, linear, longitudinal rugae; petiolar and postpetiolar nodes subquadrate with differentiated anterior, dorsal, and posterior faces; petiole and postpetiole coarsely irregularly rugose laterally, transversely rugose dorsally; postpetiole in dorsal view about as long as wide to slightly longer than wide, with straight anterior margin and evenly rounded posterior margin; gastral dorsum smooth and shining.

Scape with abundant long subdecumbent pubescence; clypeus and frontal carinae with long erect setae; posterior and posterolateral margins of head with long erect setae; mid and hind tibia with abundant long subdecumbent setae and 2–3 differentiated erect setae that are longer than width of tibia; in profile, dorsal surfaces of head, mesosoma, and gaster with relatively sparse, long, erect setae; FSH about 0.08, FSI 0.11.

Color dark red brown.

Type Material

Holotype worker. Guatemala, Baja Verapaz: Biotopo Quetzal, 15.21224 −90.21421 ±50 m, 1750 m, 7 May 2009 (LLAMA Wa-B-02-1-39) [CAS, unique specimen identifier CASENT0614520]. Paratypes (workers): Guatemala, Baja Verapaz: 4.5km S Purulha, 15.226 −90.2 ±10 km, 1630 m, 21 May 1991 (R. S. Anderson 91-006) [ICN, CASENT0604444], [INBIO, CASENT0604450], [UCD, CASENT0604453], [UNAM, CASENT0604443]; same data but 24 May 1991 (R. S. Anderson 91-019) [LACM, CASENT0603653], [UVGC, CASENT0603652]; 7.5km S Purulha, 15.2 −90.2 ±12 km, 1630 m, 26 May 1991 (R. S. Anderson 91-026) [BMNH, CASENT0601496], [EAPZ, CASENT0601501], [ECOSCE, CASENT0601495], [MCZC, CASENT0627819], [MZSP, CASENT0627816], [USNM, CASENT0627815].


Referring to the type locality.


  • Longino, J.T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery 1897 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Central America. Zootaxa 3456, 1–35.

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Longino J. T. 2012. A review of the ant genus Adelomyrmex Emery 1897 (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in Central America. Zootaxa 3456: 1-35