This arboreal, long spined, black ant is common in southern Arabia wherever there are trees (Collingwood and Agosti 1996).
Sharaf et al. (2019): This species was originally described from Ethiopia and is widely distributed in the Afrotropical region. It seems to be a predominantly eastern African species but is also known from Central and South Africa (Guénard et al. 2017; Janicki et al. 2017). From the Arabian Peninsula, the species has been recorded from the southwestern mountains of the KSA and Oman (Wheeler 1922; Borowiec 2014; Collingwood 1985, Collingwood and Agosti 1996).
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's New General Catalogue, a catalogue of the world's ants.
- chiarinii. Crematogaster chiarinii Emery, 1881a: 271, fig. (w.) ETHIOPIA. Forel, 1892e: 353 (q.m.). Combination in C. (Crematogaster): Wheeler, W.M. 1922a: 835; in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 146; in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166. Current subspecies: nominal plus aethiops, bayeri, cincta, nigra, sellula, subsulcata, taediosa, v-nigra.
- affabilis. Crematogaster chiarinii var. affabilis Forel, 1907c: 142 (w.) SOMALIA.
- Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 146.
- Combination in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166.
- Raised to species: Collingwood, 1985: 260.
- Junior synonym of chiarinii: Sharaf et al., 2019: 47.
Sharaf et al. (2019): Crematogaster affabilis was originally described as a variety of C. chiarinii but subsequently elevated to species rank by Collingwood (1985) based on head width, length of the propodeal spines, and absence of the mesonotal tubercle. During the present study the type material of C. chiarinii and C. affabilis (Musee d'Histoire Naturelle Genève) were examined and detailed morphological examinations of the type material shows that both are uniformly brown with the anterior half of the cephalic surface longitudinally striated; the frontal triangle is well-deﬁned with a distinct posterior carina running back to the posterior level of the eyes; the propodeal spines long and acute, about 1.5 × longer than their base, making an angle of about 45 with the longitudinal axis of the body in proﬁle view; and, the mesonotum in proﬁle descending abruptly to a deep metanotal groove. The type of C. affabilis is somewhat larger but not more than major workers in both species are from minor workers. Consequently, even though both taxa are outside the focal region of Arabia, on the basis of any lack of signiﬁcant phenotypical diﬀerences, we propose C. chiarinii as a senior synonym of C. affabilis.
Nevertheless, despite our synonymizing of both taxa, the taxonomic condition of C. chiarinii is still in need of a thorough revision. The taxonomic history above with all status changes, synonymic history, and numerous still valid infraspeciﬁc taxa shows clearly the complexity of this task. Based on superﬁcial examination of material from the Afrotropical region, we are doubtful that the material from East Africa might remain conspeciﬁc with the one from Central and South Africa. Hopefully, a future revision of the Afrotropical fauna will resolve this situation.
- Emery, C. 1881a. Spedizione italiana nell'Africa equatoriale. Risultati zoologici. Formiche. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. 16: 270-276 (page 271, fig. worker described)
- Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 146, Combination in C. (Acrocoelia))
- Forel, A. 1892e. Liste der aus dem Somaliland von Hrn. Prof. Dr. Conr. Keller aus der Expedition des Prinzen Ruspoli im August und September 1891 zurückgebrachten Ameisen. Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 8: 349-354 (page 353, queen, male described)
- Sharaf, M.R., Aldawood, A.S., Hita Garcia, F. 2019. Review of the Arabian Crematogaster Lund (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), synoptic list, distribution, and description of two new species from Oman and Saudi Arabia. ZooKeys 898: 27–81 (doi:10.3897/zookeys.898.37531).
- Wheeler, W. M. 1922j. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 45: 711-1004 (page 835, Combination in C. (Crematogaster))