Crematogaster oasium

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Crematogaster oasium
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Crematogastrini
Genus: Crematogaster
Species: C. oasium
Binomial name
Crematogaster oasium
Santschi, 1911

Crematogaster oasium casent0249820 p 1 high.jpg

Crematogaster oasium casent0249820 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Subspecies

This species seems to be common and widespread in northern Africa (Sharaf et al., 2019).

Identification

Distribution

Sharaf et al. (2019): Crematogaster oasium was described from Tunisia and can be found from Morocco east to Egypt (Borowiec 2014; Guénard et al. 2017; Janicki et al. 2017). In the Arabian Peninsula, it was recorded from Kuwait, KSA, Oman, and UAE (Collingwood 1985, Collingwood and Agosti 1996; Collingwood et al. 2011; Borowiec 2014; Sharaf et al. 2018). Since we have not collected or examined any material from Arabia we list this provisionally as an Arabian species for the time being since it was listed by several authors.

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates.
Palaearctic Region: Kuwait, Oman, Tunisia (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • oasium. Crematogaster auberti st. oasium Santschi, 1911f: 84 (w.) TUNISIA. Santschi, 1937e: 303 (q.); Bernard, 1953a: 156 (m.). Combination in C. (Acrocoelia): Emery, 1922e: 142; in C. (Crematogaster): Bolton, 1995b: 166. Subspecies of antaris: Santschi, 1921d: 71; of auberti: Santschi, 1929c: 99. Raised to species: Santschi, 1937e: 303; Collingwood, 1985: 261. Current subspecies: nominal plus saharensis.

Description

References

  • Bernard, F. 1953a. Les fourmis du Tassili des Ajjer. Pp. 121-250 in: Bernard, F. (ed.) Mission scientifique au Tassili des Ajjer (1949). Volume I. Recherches zoologiques et médicales. Paris: P. Lechevalier, 302 pp. (page 156, male described)
  • Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna Saudi Arab. 7: 230-302 (page 261, Raised to species)
  • Emery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 142, Combination in C. (Acrocoelia))
  • Santschi, F. 1911f. Formicides nouveaux de l'Afrique Mineure (4e note suite). Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 2: 78-85 (page 84, worker described)
  • Santschi, F. 1921d. Formicides nouveaux de l'Afrique du Nord. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 12: 68-77 (page 71, Variety/subspecies of antaris)
  • Santschi, F. 1929c. Fourmis du Sahara central récoltées par la Mission du Hoggar (février-mars 1928). Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 20: 97-108 (page 99, Variety/subspecies of auberti)
  • Santschi, F. 1937e. Contribution à l'étude des Crematogaster paléarctiques. Mém. Soc. Vaudoise Sci. Nat. 5: 295-317 (page 303, queen described, Raised to species)
  • Sharaf, M.R., Aldawood, A.S., Hita Garcia, F. 2019. Review of the Arabian Crematogaster Lund (Hymenoptera, Formicidae), synoptic list, distribution, and description of two new species from Oman and Saudi Arabia. ZooKeys 898: 27–81 (doi:10.3897/zookeys.898.37531).
  • Sharaf, M.R., Fisher, B.L., Dhafer, H.M., Polaszek, A., Aldawood, S.A. 2018. Additions to the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Oman: an updated list, new records and a description of two new species. Asian Myrmecology. 9:e010004; 1-38. doi:10.20362/am.010004 10.20362/am.010004.

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Bernard F. 1953. Les fourmis du Tassili des Ajjer. Pp. 121-250 in: Bernard, F. (ed.) 1953. Mission scientifique au Tassili des Ajjer (1949). Volume I. Recherches zoologiques et médicales. Paris: P. Lechevalier, 302 pp.
  • Bernard, F.. "Les insectes sociaux du Fezzân. Comportement et biogéographie." En: Bernard, F., Peyerimhoff, P. de Mission sc (1948): 87-200.
  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Collingwood C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7: 230-302.
  • Collingwood C. A., D. Agosti, M. R. Sharaf, A. Van Harten, 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod Fauna of the UAE 4: 405-474
  • Collingwood C.A., D.Agosti, M.R. Sharaf, and A. van Harten. 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod fauna of the UAE, 4: 405–474
  • Collingwood, C. A., and Donat Agosti. "Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (Part 2)." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15 (1996): 300-385.
  • Collingwood, C. A.. "Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7 (1985): 230-302.
  • Delye, G., and J. L. Bonaric. "Fourmis du sud Marocain." Etude de certains milieux du Maroc et de leux evolution recente RCP 249 (1973).
  • Donisthorpe H. 1942. The Formicidae (Hym.) of the Armstrong College Expedition to the Siwa Oasis. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (11)9: 26-33.
  • Donisthorpe H. 1947. Results of the Armstrong College Expedition to Siwa Oasis (Libyan Desert), 1935: A second list of the Formicidae (Hymenoptera). Bulletin de la Société Fouad Ier d'Entomologie 31: 109-111.
  • Délye G. 1960. Fourmis du Tassili des Ajjer. Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord 51: 259-272.
  • Emery C. 1926. Ultime note mirmecologiche. Boll. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 58: 1-9.
  • Santschi, F. 1911. Formicides nouveaux de l'Afrique Mineure (4e note suite). Bulletin de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de l'Afrique du Nord 2: 78-85
  • Santschi, F.. "Formicides nouveaux de l'Afrique Mineure (4e note suite)." Bulletin de la Société d' Histoire naturelle de l' Afrique du Nord 2 (1911): 78-85.