Euponera vohitravo

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Euponera vohitravo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Euponera
Species complex: sikorae
Species: E. vohitravo
Binomial name
Euponera vohitravo
(Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013)

Pachycondyla vohitravo casent0034499 p 1 high.jpg

Pachycondyla vohitravo casent0034499 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Workers of E. vohitravo have been collected through leaf litter sampling, but one colony was collected from a rotten log.


Rakotonirina and Fisher (2013) - Worker. Anteromedian margin of clypeus generally convex; posterolateral margins of propodeum and petiole node with a series of sharp teeth or tubercles, dorsal face of node bluntly tuberculate; second gastral tergite reticulate punctate or densely and coarsely punctate interspersed with small punctures; first and second gastral tergites covered with abundant pubescence.

Samples of E. vohitravo came from three isolated montane rainforest habitats, and each population varies in overall body size, the shape of the sides of the head, the presence or absence of a blunt angle on the middle of the convex anteromedial clypeal margin, and the strength of body sculpture.

Euponera vohitravo may be confounded with Euponera antsiraka and Euponera tahary, but the presence of abundant pubescence on the first and second gastral tergites render it separable from both. Its first and second gastral segments also have dense punctures, the spaces between which are less or about the same as their maximum diameter. For E. antsiraka and E. tahary, the distance between two punctures on first and second gastral segments is twice as long as the maximum diameter of the punctures.

Keys including this Species


Rakotonirina and Fisher (2013) - Euponera vohitravo is known to occupy the disjunct mountain tops of the RS Anjanaharibe-Sud and Makira Forest in the north east of Madagascar, Andranomay Forest in the high plateau and the complex humid forests of Ambatovy-Analamay in the central eastern of the island.

Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 14.75° to -18.8708°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Malagasy Region: Madagascar (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.



Images from AntWeb

Pachycondyla vohitravo casent0034499 d 2 high.jpg
Holotype of Euponera vohitravoWorker. Specimen code casent0034499. Photographer Jean Claude Rakotonirina, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Pachycondyla vohitravo casent0050524 h 1 high.jpgPachycondyla vohitravo casent0050524 d 1 high.jpgPachycondyla vohitravo casent0050524 p 1 high.jpgPachycondyla vohitravo casent0050524 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0050524. Photographer Estella Ortega, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Pachycondyla vohitravo casent0141616 p 1 high.jpgPachycondyla vohitravo casent0141616 d 1 high.jpgPachycondyla vohitravo casent0141616 h 1 high.jpgPachycondyla vohitravo casent0141616 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0141616. Photographer Erin Prado, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • vohitravo. Pachycondyla vohitravo Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013: 478, figs. 3, 25, 64, 65, 66, 80 (w.) MADAGASCAR. Combination in Euponera: Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014: 87.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.



(12 specimens): HW: 1.14–1.50, HL: 1.22–1.69, CI: 88–96, SL: 0.88–1.31, SI: 75–88, PW: 0.85–1.13, WL: 1.64–2.17, NH: 0.77–1.11, NL: 0.55–0.80, NW: 0.72–0.93, DNI: 115–141, LNI: 129–143.

Head more or less elongate to subquadrate and broadest at about midlength; the sides normally convex and gradually converging from level of eyes to base of mandibles; posterior margin slightly concave. Head capsule reticulate-rugulose, rims of rugulation high and sharp. Eyes small and protruding, maximum diameter about the same as or less than widest part of antennal scape. Antennal scape barely reaching posterior border of head. Anteromedian margin of clypeus convex, with very slight median notch. Mandibles smooth and shiny between sparse punctures; apical margin equipped with 9–12 teeth or denticles.

With mesosoma in dorsal view, metanotal groove absent, pronotum generally densely punctate to reticulate-punctate interspersed with sparse blunt tubercles; propodeum reticulate-rugulose. In profile posterolateral margin of propodeum bordered with series of denticles or tubercles; mesopleural suture indistinct. With petiole in dorsal view, node roughly longer than broad; dorsum with scattered tubercles and small punctures, the spaces between which are smooth and shiny. In profile, petiolar node higher than long; lower half of posterior margin covered with a line of sharp teeth or denticles; subpetiolar process a simple anterior hooklike shape followed by small lobe posteriorly. Anterior face of first gastral segment straight, without shallow impression to lodge the petiolar node. Second gastral tergite reticulate punctate to densely punctate interspersed with small punctures.

Standing hairs present and pubescence abundant on dorsum of head and body; pubescence particularly abundant on first and second gastral tergites. Head, mesosoma, and petiole node dark brown to reddish-brown in color; gaster and appendages brown or of lighter coloration.

Type Material

Holotype worker, Madagascar, Toamasina, Montagne d'Anjanaharibe, 18.0 km 21° NNE Ambinanitelo, -15.1883, 49.615, 470 m, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), rainforest, 8–12 Mar 2003 (coll. Fisher, Griswold et al.), collection code BLF08002, specimen code CASENT0034499 (California Academy of Sciences). Paratype: one worker with same data as holotype but with specimen code CASENT0034500 (CASC).


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Rakotonirina J. C., and B. L. Fisher. 2013. Revision of the Pachycondyla sikorae species-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Madagascar. Zootaxa 3683 (4): 447-485.