AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae (incertae sedis)
Subfamily: uncertain
Genus: Hypochira
Buckley, 1866
Type species
Formica subspinosa

The taxonomomic placement of this genus is uncertain and it is currently considered incertae sedis in Formicidae.



Type specimen "U.S.A."



The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • HYPOCHIRA [incertae sedis in Formicidae]
    • Hypochira Buckley, 1866: 169 [as subgenus of Formica]. Type-species: Formica (Hypochira) subspinosa, by monotypy.
    • Hypochira junior synonym of Formica: Dalla Torre, 1893: 192; Agosti, 1994a: 106.
    • Hypochira questionable junior synonym of Dolichoderus: Emery, 1895c: 338; Emery, 1925b: 271.
    • Hypochira unplaced taxon of Dolichoderinae: Smith, M.R. 1979: 1422.
    • Hypochira unidentifiable taxon, incertae sedis in Formicidae: Bolton, 1995b: 31, Bolton, 2003: 263.


  • Agosti, D. 1994b. The phylogeny of the ant tribe Formicini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with the description of a new genus. Syst. Entomol. 19: 93-117 (page 106, Hypochira as junior synonym of Formica)
  • Bolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. (page 31, Hypochira as incertae sedis in Formicidae)
  • Bolton, B. 2003. Synopsis and Classification of Formicidae. Mem. Am. Entomol. Inst. 71: 370pp (page 263, Hypochira as incertae sedis in Formicidae)
  • Buckley, S. B. 1866. Descriptions of new species of North American Formicidae. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Phila. 6: 152-172 (page 169, Hypochira as subgenus of Formica)
  • Dalla Torre, K. W. von. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. (page 192, Hypochira as junior synonym of Formica)
  • Donisthorpe, H. 1943g. A list of the type-species of the genera and subgenera of the Formicidae. [part]. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 11(10): 617-688 (page 652, Hypochira in Formicinae, Formicini)
  • Emery, C. 1895d. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamerikanischen Ameisenfauna. (Schluss). Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Syst. Geogr. Biol. Tiere 8: 257-360 (page 338, Hypochira as questionable junior synonym of Dolichoderus)
  • Emery, C. 1925d. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae. Genera Insectorum 183: 1-302 (page 271, Hypochira as questionable junior synonym of Dolichoderus)
  • Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V., Hurd, P. D., Smith, D. R., Burks, B. D. (eds.) Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Pr (page 1422, Hypochira incertae sedis in Dolichoderinae)