Hypoponera traegaordhi

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Hypoponera traegaordhi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Hypoponera
Species: H. traegaordhi
Binomial name
Hypoponera traegaordhi
(Santschi, 1914)

Hypoponera traegaordhi casent0915210 p 1 high.jpg

Hypoponera traegaordhi casent0915210 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Known from a single worker, nothing is known about the biology of Hypoponera traegaordhi.


Bolton and Fisher (2011) - H. traegaordhi appears to be very close to the Ethiopian species Hypoponera exigua. The two uniquely share the presence of a transverse impression that contains cuticular ridges at the base of the posterior surface of the petiole node. These two are separated by the characters given in the key and under exigua. H. traegaordhi also appears to be related to the South African species Hypoponera natalensis and Hypoponera austra, which also possess a transverse impression on the posterior surface of the petiole node, but these lack cuticular ridges within the impression, the scapes are longer and when laid back reach much closer to the midpoint of the posterior margin, the subpetiolar process has a shallow lobe with a defined ventral angle, the disc of the second gastral tergite is more obviously microreticulate, and a weak eye-spot is usually present, though it is generally no more than a tiny featureless disc. The presence of radiating cuticular ridges on the posterior surface of the petiole brings traegaordhi out in the key together with Hypoponera jeanneli, Hypoponera hebes and their relatives, but this appears to be a convergent development because none of these has a transverse impression on the posterior surface of the petiole.

A member of the abeillei group.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: -19.08333° to -29.331105°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: South Africa (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.





The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • traegaordhi. Ponera traegaordhi Santschi, 1914e: 6 (w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Combination in P. (Hypoponera): Santschi, 1938b: 79; in Hypoponera: Bolton, 1995b: 216. See also: Bolton & Fisher, 2011: 108.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.

Bolton and Fisher (2011) - In the original description Santschi says that traegaordhi has “eyes indistinct, reduced to a small point in the anterior quarter”. In the surviving syntype no trace of an eye can be seen and it is suspected that Santschi misinterpreted part of the punctate sculpture.



Bolton and Fisher (2011) - Measurements: HL 0.55, HW 0.43, HS 0.490, SL 0.36, PrW 0.33, WL 0.70, HFL 0.34, PeNL 0.14, PeH 0.30, PeNW 0.22, PeS 0.220. Indices: CI 78, SI 84, PeNI 67, LPeI 47, DPeI 157.

Eyes absent. Apex of scape, when laid straight back from its insertion, conspicuously fails to reach the midpoint of the posterior margin in full-face view; SL/HL 0.65. Gap between apex of scape and midpoint of margin 0.22 × SL, about the apical width of the scape. Cephalic dorsum finely and quite superficially reticulate-punctate. Punctate sculpture on dorsum of mesosoma faint and superficial, the punctures smaller and much less dense than on the head. Mesonotal-mesopleural suture absent. Mesopleuron smooth, its anterior margin bluntly angulate behind the anterior coxa. Metanotal groove entirely absent from dorsum. Dorsa of mesonotum and propodeum with scattered, minute punctures on a glossy surface. Declivity of propodeum separated from sides by blunt angles, not sharply marginate or carinate. Posterior surface of petiole node with a distinct series of short, cuticular ridges that radiate upward from the posterior peduncle across its width. The cuticular ridges terminate dorsally in a darkly coloured, arched transverse rim or carina, much more darkly coloured than the surrounding cuticle. This transverse rim marks the upper boundary of a transverse depression, within which the cuticular ridges are located. With petiole node in profile the anterior and posterior faces are extremely feebly convergent dorsally. Subpetiolar process with an obliquely descending anterior face, a blunt ventral angle and a straight ventral surface that slopes upwards posteriorly. Base of cinctus of second gastral tergite with a continuous row of cross-ribs. Maximum width of first gastral tergite in dorsal view is distinctly less than the width of the second tergite at its midlength. Midline length of second gastral posttergite, from posterior margin of cinctus to apex, is distinctly less than the maximum width of the segment. Disc of second gastral tergite with minute punctures that are relatively close-packed but separated by smooth cuticle, the sclerite appears vaguely microreticulate only in places. First gastral tergite in profile with very short standing setae that project above the level of the decumbent pubescence. Full adult colour yellow.

Type Material

Syntype worker, SOUTH AFRICA: Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 21.iii.05 (I. Trågärdh) (Naturhistorisches Museum, Basel) [examined].


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Arnold G. 1926. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Appendix. Annals of the South African Museum. 23: 191-295.
  • Bolton, B., and B. L. Fisher. "Taxonomy of Afrotropical and West Palaearctic ants of the ponerine genus Hypoponera Santschi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Zootaxa 2843 (2012): 1-118.
  • IZIKO South Africa Museum Collection
  • Wheeler W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. A contribution to the myrmecology of Africa. VIII. A synonymic list of the ants of the Ethiopian region. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45: 711-1004