Monomorium brunneolucidulum

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Monomorium brunneolucidulum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species group: monomorium
Species: M. brunneolucidulum
Binomial name
Monomorium brunneolucidulum
Collingwood & Agosti, 1996

In their brief original description of the enigmatic species M. brunneolucidulum from Oman, Collingwood & Agosti (1996) neither gave successful diagnostic characters nor illustrations for species recognition. In addition, the type-material is apparently lost. Due to a lack of type material and species diagnostic characters, it is impossible to confirm the identity of the species. Until the type material of this species is available we prefer to treat it as a nomen dubium (Sharaf et al., 2021).

Identification

Distribution

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia.
Palaearctic Region: Oman (type locality).


Distribution based on AntMaps

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Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

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Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.

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Biology

Castes

Nomenclature

The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • brunneolucidulum. Monomorium brunneolucidulum Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 343 (w.) OMAN.
    • Type-material: holotype worker, 5 paratype workers.
    • Type-locality: holotype Oman: Qarhat Mu’ammar, 2.ii.1986 (M.D. Gallagher); paratypes with same data.
    • Type-depository: unknown (possibly in WMLC, possibly in OMHN if Gallagher material has been retained there).
    • Status as species: Borowiec, L. 2014: 116.
    • Distribution: Oman.

Type Material

  • Holotype, worker, Qarhat Mu'ammar, Oman, 2 Feb 1986, M.D. Gallagher.
  • Paratype, 5 workers, Qarhat Mu'ammar, Oman, 2 Feb 1986, M.D. Gallagher.

Description

Worker

Holotype: TL 2.30; HL 0.70; HW 0.53; 5L 0.61; CI 75.7; SI 115; EL/HW 0.28.

In this species the mandibles are smooth with scattered hair pits unlike the species discussed so far. It appears to have some affinities with Monomorium oscaris (=Trichomyrmex oscaris) as well as the larger-eyed species of the Monomorium altinode complex. The clypeal ridges project over the mildly concave anterior border. The antennal scapes are long and reach over the occipital margin. The promesonotum is convex and rounds steeply to the mesopropodeal furrow and the propodeum is also strongly convex. The petiole is slightly wider than long in dorsal view, a rounded triangle in side view. There is one pair of occipital hairs, none on the pronotum, one pair of long hairs on the mesonotum plus a few short raised pubescent hairs. The petiole has one pair, the postpetiole three pairs and the first gastral tergite has ten pairs. The head is almost unsculptured with a slight reticulum and a few striae on the frons. The head, pronotum and gaster are brilliant with the mesopropodeum and nodes slightly more sculptured. The head and alitrunk are bright chocolate brown and the gaster dark brown.

References

References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Collingwood, C. A., and Donat Agosti. "Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (Part 2)." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15 (1996): 300-385.
  • Sharaf M. R., B. L. Fisher, H. M. Al Dhafer, A. Polaszek, and A. S. Aldawood. 2018. Additions to the ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Oman: an updated list, new records and a description of two new species. Asian Myrmecology 10: e010004