Monomorium luteum

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Monomorium luteum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Myrmicinae
Tribe: Solenopsidini
Genus: Monomorium
Species group: salomonis
Species: M. luteum
Binomial name
Monomorium luteum
Emery, 1881

Monomorium luteum casent0249837 p 1 high.jpg

Monomorium luteum casent0249837 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

Collection records show this species has been found foraging and in ground nests, in habitats that range from agricultural areas (irrigated date and olive trees), roadside desert, and rocky washes with vegetation.



Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 15.116667° to 12.717377°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Afrotropical Region: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen (type locality).
Palaearctic Region: Oman.

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.




Images from AntWeb

Monomorium luteum casent0264006 h 1 high.jpgMonomorium luteum casent0264006 p 1 high.jpgMonomorium luteum casent0264006 d 1 high.jpgMonomorium luteum casent0264006 l 1 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0264006. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by CAS, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Monomorium luteum casent0904599 h 1 high.jpgMonomorium luteum casent0904599 p 1 high.jpgMonomorium luteum casent0904599 d 1 high.jpgMonomorium luteum casent0904599 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Monomorium luteumWorker. Specimen code casent0904599. Photographer Will Ericson, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MSNG, Genoa, Italy.
Monomorium luteum casent0249837 h 2 high.jpgMonomorium luteum casent0249837 d 2 high.jpg
Worker. Specimen code casent0249837. Photographer Ryan Perry, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by NHMB, Basel, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • luteum. Monomorium luteum Emery, 1881b: 533 (w.) ERITREA, YEMEN.
    • Type-material: syntype workers (number not stated).
    • Type-localities: Eritrea: Ras Doumeirah, 30.xii.1879 (G. Doria & O. Beccari), Yemen: Aden (G. Doria & O. Beccari).
    • Type-depositories: MSNG, NHMB.
    • Combination in M. (Xeromyrmex): Emery, 1922e: 177.
    • Status as species: Dalla Torre, 1893: 67; Emery, 1893f: 256; Emery, 1895f: 337; Emery, 1922e: 177; Santschi, 1936a: 36 (redescription); Ettershank, 1966: 90; Collingwood, 1985: 271; Bolton, 1995b: 264; Collingwood & Agosti, 1996: 349; Collingwood, et al. 2011: 435; Borowiec, L. 2014: 121; Madl, 2019: 15; Borowiec, L. & Salata, 2020: 13.
    • Distribution: Egypt, Eritrea, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.

Unless otherwise noted the text for the remainder of this section is reported from the publication that includes the original description.


Collingwood and Agosti (1996) - TL 4.0-4.2; HL 113-115; HW 0.76-0.78; SL 1.10-1.13; CI 66.1; SI 1.140-1.147; EL/HW 0.323.

This is the largest of the Arabian Monomorium species. The head is very long; the antennal scapes are very long; the alitrunk is flat with a shallow oblique mesopropodeal furrow and the petiole is low with a smoothly rounded dorsum. The pronotum has one pair of hairs, the mesonotum one pair, the petiole one pair, the postpetiole two pairs and the first gaster tergite has seven pairs of long hairs. The general aspect is moderately shining with superficial reticulate sculpture becoming coarser on the propodeum. The general body colour is pale brownish yellow.

Type Material


References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Borowiec L. 2014. Catalogue of ants of Europe, the Mediterranean Basin and adjacent regions (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Genus (Wroclaw) 25(1-2): 1-340.
  • Collingwood C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7: 230-302.
  • Collingwood C. A., D. Agosti, M. R. Sharaf, A. Van Harten, 2011. Order Hymenoptera, family Formicidae. Arthropod Fauna of the UAE 4: 405-474
  • Collingwood, C. A. and D. Agosti. 1996. Formicidae (Insects: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (Part 2) Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15: 300-385.
  • Collingwood, C. A. "Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia." Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7 (1985): 230-302.
  • Emery, C. "Viaggio ad Assab nel Mar Rosso dei Signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso "Esploratore" dal 16 novembre 1879 al 26 febbraio 1880. I. Formiche." Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale 16 (1881): 525-535.
  • Madl M. 2019. Notes on the ant fauna of Eritrea (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae): type specimens deposited in the Natural History Museum Vienna (Austria) and a preliminary checklist. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 9-18.