M. cachmiriensis has been found at altitudes between 2100 and 3500 m, but its ecology is poorly known. Philip Ward (pers. comm.) found it in open pine and fir-pine forests, while Menozzi (1939) noted this species was found on irrigated fields in oases in arid territories. Alate queens and males have been collected in mid July. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)
This species forms small nests (with 10-50 workers) under stones in soil covered with scattered vegetation. However, few nests were found in dense forests in soil covered with leaf litter. These ants appear to prefer shady areas, as they were never observed in exposed habitats. Nest temperature ranged from 14°C to 22°C and relative humidity 91%. Alates were observed during July and August. Altitudinal range for this species is 1829 to 3500m above mean sea level. (Bharti et al., 2016)
- 1 Identification
- 2 Distribution
- 3 Biology
- 4 Castes
- 5 Nomenclature
- 6 References
- 7 References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
A member of the cachmiriensis complex of the rugosa species group. It most resembles Myrmica wardi, but differs from the latter by the much finer sculpture on the head dorsum. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)
Keys including this Species
India (Kashmir), NE Pakistan. A record for China (Eidmann 1941) almost certainly belongs to another species. (Radchenko and Elmes 2010)
Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists
Distribution based on AntMaps
Distribution based on AntWeb specimens
Check data from AntWeb
The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.
- cachmiriensis. Myrmica smythiesii r. cachmiriensis Forel, 1904c: 23 (w.) INDIA. Menozzi, 1939a: 292 (m.). Raised to species: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 251. Senior synonym of lutescens: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 251. See also: Radchenko & Elmes, 2010: 107.
- lutescens. Myrmica smythiesi var. lutescens Menozzi, 1939a: 292 (w.q.) INDIA. [First available use of Myrmica smythiesii r. cachmiriensis var. lutescens Forel, 1904c: 23; unavailable name.] Junior synonym of cachmiriensis: Radchenko & Elmes, 2001a: 251.
- Lectotype of (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): “Kashmir, Sind Valley, 9500ft (Wroughton)”, “M.smythiesii v. kashmiriensis Forel, type” (MHNG).
- Paralectotypes (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): 2 workers with same labels as lectotype (MHNG); 1worker, “M.smythiesii For. var. kaschmiriensis w type Sind Valley, 7500’ Kaschmir (Wroughton) Jh.6” (MSNG).
M. smythiesi lutescens
- Lectotype of (designated by Radchenko & Elmes, 2001): worker, “Cachmire (Smythies)”, “M. smythiesi For. r. cachmiriensis For. v. lutescens For., type” (MHNG).
Radchenko and Elmes 2010 - M. cachmiriensis: named from the Himalayan region of Cachmire (alternative spelling of Kashmir) combined with the Latin suffix ensis = place of origin, to indicate where the type material was collected.
- Bharti, H., Sasi, S., Radchenko, A. 2016. Biogeography and ecology of Myrmica species (Formicidae: Myrmicinae) in Himalayan regions. Sociobiology 63, 956-975 (DOI 10.13102/sociobiology.v63i3.1145).
- Forel, A. 1904d. Miscellanea myrmécologiques. Rev. Suisse Zool. 12: 1-52 (page 23, worker described)
- Menozzi, C. 1939a. Formiche dell'Himalaya e del Karakorum raccolte dalla Spedizione italiana comandata da S. A. R. il Duca di Spoleto (1929). Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Milano 78: 285-345 (page 292, male described)
- Radchenko, A. G.; Elmes, G.W. 2001b. A taxonomic revision of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 from the Himalaya (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Entomol. Basil. 23: 237-276 (page 251, Raised to species and senior synonym of lutescens)
- Radchenko, A.G. & Elmes, G.W. 2010. Myrmica ants of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3: 1-789.
References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics
- Bharti H., S. Sasi, and A. Radchenko. 2016. Biogeography and ecology of Myrmica species (Formicidae: Myrmicinae) in Himalayan regions. Sociobiology 63(3): 956-975.
- Bharti H., Y. P. Sharma, M. Bharti, and M. Pfeiffer. 2013. Ant species richness, endemicity and functional groups, along an elevational gradient in the Himalayas. Asian Myrmecology 5: 79-101.
- Mani M. S., and S. Singh. 1962. Entomological survey of Himalaya. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 59(1): 84-85.
- Menozzi C. 1939. Formiche dell'Himalaya e del Karakorum raccolte dalla Spedizione italiana comandata da S. A. R. il Duca di Spoleto (1929). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano. 78: 285-345.
- Radchenko A. G., and G. W. Elmes. 2001. A taxonomic revision of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 from the Himalaya (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Entomologica Basiliensia 23: 237-276.
- Radchenko A. G., and G. W. Elmes. 2010. Myrmica ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Old World. Fauna Mundi 3. Warsaw: Natura Optima Dux Foundation, 790 pp.
- Radchenko, A. G., and G. W. Elmes. "A taxonomic revision of the ant genus Myrmica Latreille, 1804 from the Himalaya (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)." Entomologica Basiliensia 23 (2001): 237-276.
- Rasheed M. T., I. Bodlah, A. G. Fareen, A. A. Wachkoo, X. Huang, and S. A. Akbar. 2019. A checklist of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Pakistan. Sociobiology 66(3): 426-439.
- Weber N. A. 1947. A revision of the North American ants of the genus Myrmica Latreille with a synopsis of the Palearctic species. I. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 40: 437-474.