Odontomachus panamensis

AntWiki: The Ants --- Online
Odontomachus panamensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Subfamily: Ponerinae
Tribe: Ponerini
Genus: Odontomachus
Species: O. panamensis
Binomial name
Odontomachus panamensis
Forel, 1899

Odontomachus panamensis casent0900584 p 1 high.jpg

Odontomachus panamensis casent0900584 d 1 high.jpg

Specimen Labels

This aggressive species shares large ant garden nests with Crematogaster carinata in a parabiotic association (Longino, 2003).

At a Glance • Ant garden  


A member of the Odontomachus haematodus group.

Keys including this Species


Latitudinal Distribution Pattern

Latitudinal Range: 10.99261° to -0.6364°.

Tropical South

Distribution based on Regional Taxon Lists

Neotropical Region: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama (type locality).

Distribution based on AntMaps


Distribution based on AntWeb specimens

Check data from AntWeb

Countries Occupied

Number of countries occupied by this species based on AntWiki Regional Taxon Lists. In general, fewer countries occupied indicates a narrower range, while more countries indicates a more widespread species.

Estimated Abundance

Relative abundance based on number of AntMaps records per species (this species within the purple bar). Fewer records (to the left) indicates a less abundant/encountered species while more records (to the right) indicates more abundant/encountered species.


Association with Other Organisms

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This species is a xenobiont for the ant Crematogaster carinata (a xenobiont).


Images from AntWeb

Odontomachus panamensis casent0907423 h 1 high.jpgOdontomachus panamensis casent0907423 d 1 high.jpgOdontomachus panamensis casent0907423 p 1 high.jpgOdontomachus panamensis casent0907423 l 1 high.jpg
Syntype of Odontomachus panamensisWorker. Specimen code casent0907423. Photographer Z. Lieberman, uploaded by California Academy of Sciences. Owned by MHNG, Geneva, Switzerland.


The following information is derived from Barry Bolton's Online Catalogue of the Ants of the World.

  • panamensis. Odontomachus affinis r. panamensis Forel, 1899c: 19, pl. 1, fig. 13 (w.q.m.) PANAMA.
    • Type-material: syntype workers, syntype queens, syntype males (numbrs not stated).
    • Type-locality: Panama: Bugaba, Volcan de Chiriqui (Champion).
    • Type-depository: MHNG.
    • Subspecies of affinis: Emery, 1911d: 113; Wheeler, W.M. 1923a: 3.
    • Status as species: Kempf, 1972a: 7, 172; Brown, 1976a: 105, 124; Brandão, 1991: 364; Bolton, 1995b: 296; Rodriguez, J. 2008: 168; Feitosa, 2015c: 99; Fernández & Guerrero, 2019: 539.
    • Distribution: Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Panama.



References based on Global Ant Biodiversity Informatics

  • Aldana R. C., and P. Chacón de Ulloa. 1995. Nuevos registros de hormigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) para Colombia. Boletín del Museo de Entomología de la Universidad del Valle 3(2): 55-59.
  • Emery C. 1911. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118: 1-125.
  • Fernández, F. and S. Sendoya. 2004. Lista de las hormigas neotropicales. Biota Colombiana Volume 5, Number 1.
  • INBio Collection (via Gbif)
  • Kempf, W.W. 1972. Catalago abreviado das formigas da regiao Neotropical (Hym. Formicidae) Studia Entomologica 15(1-4).
  • Longino J. T., J. Coddington, and R. K. Colwell. 2002. The ant fauna of a tropical rain forest: estimating species richness three different ways. Ecology 83: 689-702.
  • Longino J. et al. ADMAC project. Accessed on March 24th 2017 at https://sites.google.com/site/admacsite/
  • Lozano-Zambrano F. H., E. Jimenez, T. M. Arias-Penna, A. M. Arcila, J. Rodriguez, and D. P. Ramirez. 2008. Biogeografía de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Pp. 349-406. in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano, F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp.
  • Mertl A. L., J. F. A. Traniello, K. Ryder Wilkie, and R. Constantino. 2012. Associations of two ecologically significant social insect taxa in the litter of an amazonian rainforest: is there a relationship between ant and termite species richness? Psyche doi:10.1155/2012/312054